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The A Level Politics Show

English, National/National politics/National assembly, 1 season, 74 episodes, 1 day, 4 hours, 44 minutes
About
Welcome to The A Level Politics Show, your one-stop shop for revision. We focus on UK politics and US politics, and also look at political ideologies, including liberalism, socialism, conservatism and feminism. While this show is geared towards A Level Politics students, it will also appeal to anyone who is interested in current affairs. Enjoy! Oh, and if you do, try subscribing to The A Level Politics Show PLUS PLUS PLUS, which gives you TWO additional podcasts each month, and access to the full back catalogue. Click here to do so: https://anchor.fm/nick-de-souza/subscribe
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Ep. 150 Has the EU achieved its aims?

Episode 150! In today's landmark show, we take a look at the EU, its aims, and whether they have been achieved. We break down its goals in three main areas: 1) Completing the single market with the promotion of the four freedoms 2) Economic and Monetary Union 3) Political Union My scorecard, for what it is worth - lots done but still so much more to do. Enjoy the show, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Click⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ here⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ to get started. Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. You can also ask follow up questions to each episode by clicking "reply" on the "Do you need any further" help section in the show notes (Spotify listeners only for moment) and take part in our episode by episode polls once you have finished listening. Also look out, Plus Plus Plus subscribers, for the all new E. G.4Me episodes, which takes you through a breaking news stories and attempts to make sense of it.  
4/1/202419 minutes, 33 seconds
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Ep. 147 UK Executive powers (and limits)

Today we take a deep dive on the executive's powers, including 1. Initiating legislation in government's manifesto 2. Making policy on matters that arise (the Doctor's Mandate) 3. Wielding secondary legislation (SIs) 4. Proposing budgets 5. Exercising the Royal Prerogative Enjoy the show, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Click⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ here⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ to get started. Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. You can also ask follow up questions to each episode by clicking "reply" on the "Do you need any further" help section in the show notes (Spotify listeners only for moment) and take part in our episode by episode polls once you have finished listening. Also look out, Plus Plus Plus subscribers, for the all new E. G.4Me episodes, which takes you through a breaking news stories and attempts to make sense of it. 
3/6/202417 minutes, 48 seconds
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Ep. 144 US Pressure Groups and Democracy

Do Pressure groups help or hinder democratic processes? For this pod, I'll explore the impact of US pressure groups on different forms of democracy, including representative, pluralist and liberal. Enjoy the show, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Click⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ here⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ to get started. Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. You can also ask follow up questions to each episode by clicking "reply" on the "Do you need any further" help section in the show notes (Spotify listeners only for moment) and take part in our episode by episode polls once you have finished listening. Also look out, Plus Plus Plus subscribers, for the all new E. G.4Me episodes, which takes you through a breaking news stories and attempts to make sense of it. 
2/3/202431 minutes, 21 seconds
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Ep. 141 Do smaller parties matter?

In this episode, I look at whether smaller political parties have influence in/upon the UK political system. To consider this question, we need to consider the following: 1)    The representation of smaller parties in the UK Parliament and in the devolved bodies 2)    The participation of smaller parties in government both centrally and regionally  3)    The impact that smaller parties have had on party policy and upon the electoral fortunes of the larger parties Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Click⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ here⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ to get started. Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. You can also ask follow up questions to each episode by clicking "reply" on the "Do you need any further" help section in the show notes (Spotify listeners only for moment) and take part in our episode by episode polls once you have finished listening. Also look out, Plus Plus Plus subscribers, for the all new E. G.4Me episodes, which takes you through a breaking news stories and attempts to make sense of it. 
1/6/202417 minutes, 43 seconds
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Transcripts ARE GO!

Hello dear listener! The number one request I have had is that transcripts be made available. Well, if you listen on Spotify, now they are! The A Level Politics Show now has transcripts of every episode! How about that! What’s great is that Spotify let’s you listen along and read the transcript at the same time as listening to it, or you could have the sound off if you don’t like the sound of my voice (my wife tells me that this is what she does). You can also just skip to the section in the transcript that you find most useful and start playback from wherever you want.    How do you do this? Okay, follow these simply steps.    1)    In the Spotify app, go to The A Level Politics Show podcast page.  2)    Click on the episode you are interested in.  3)    Scroll to the bottom of that page and tap on “Episode Transcripts”. And there you have it!      Plus Plus Plus subscribers will be able to access every single transcript of every podcast ever produced – at the time of recording that’s 140-odd transcripts. Yet another reason why subscribing is such a good idea – for just £1.99 per month you get access to the complete back catalogue of The A Level Politics Show, spanning over four years, lasting longer than three British PMs and hundreds of government ministers (okay in the current environment that’s not too difficult). What is more, you’ll get 2 bonus pods, exclusive to subscribers, along with the standard free episode, every single month. Click ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠here⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ to get started!  You can cancel at anytime and there are no hidden costs.    That’s it from me for 2023 – I hope that you all have a wonderful New Year! 
12/30/20231 minute, 52 seconds
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Ep. 138 Liberalism and human nature

This episode will answer the following question: To what extent do liberals share similar views about human nature? I also introduce listeners to the idea of writing SUPER CHUNKIES! Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Click⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ here⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ to get started. Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. You can also ask follow up questions to each episode by clicking "reply" on the "Do you need any further" help section in the show notes (Spotify listeners only for moment) and take part in our episode by episode polls once you have finished listening. Also look out, Plus Plus Plus subscribers, for the all new E. G.4Me episodes, which takes you through a breaking news stories and attempts to make sense of it. 
12/6/202318 minutes, 22 seconds
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Ep. 135 Socialism and the state

Some socialists don't even want a state. Others think the state should abolish capitalism, which is at odds with third way thinkers who believe the state must embrace it. And don't get these guys started on the state's role in promoting social equality... Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Click⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ here⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ to get started. Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. You can also ask follow up questions to each episode by clicking "reply" on the "Do you need any further" help section in the show notes (Spotify listeners only for moment) and take part in our episode by episode polls once you have finished listening. Also look out, Plus Plus Plus subscribers, for the all new E. G.4Me episodes, which takes you through a breaking news stories and attempts to make sense of it.  Thanks for your support of this show!
11/8/202318 minutes, 14 seconds
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Ep. 132: Manifestos - do they matter?

In this episode, we consider whether manifestos affect election outcomes, and if they have an impact on the way a party governs. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Click⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ here⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ to get started. Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. You can also ask follow up questions to each episode by clicking "reply" on the "Do you need any further" help section in the show notes (Spotify listeners only for moment) and take part in our episode by episode polls once you have finished listening. Also look out, Plus Plus Plus subscribers, for the all new E. G.4Me episodes, which takes you through a breaking news stories and attempts to make sense of it.  Thanks for your support of this show!
10/4/202330 minutes, 16 seconds
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Ep. 129 Which form of direct democracy is the best?

Are referendums better than e-petitions or recall elections? In this episode, I argue that they are not. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Click⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ here⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ to get started. Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. You can also ask follow up questions to each episode by clicking "reply" on the "Do you need any further" help section in the show notes (Spotify listeners only for moment) and take part in our episode by episode polls once you have finished listening. Also look out, Plus Plus Plus subscribers, for the all new E. G.4Me episodes, which takes you through a breaking news stories and attempts to make sense of it.  Thanks for your support of this show!
9/3/202327 minutes, 18 seconds
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Ep. 126 Pressure Group Influence in the UK (update)

In this pod, a long-awaited update to episode 20, we evaluate the view that government attitudes are the most important determinant of pressure group success. In a word, yes. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Click⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ here⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ to get started. Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. You can also ask follow up questions to each episode by clicking "reply" on the "Do you need any further" help section in the show notes (Spotify listeners only for moment) and take part in our episode by episode polls once you have finished listening. Also look out, Plus Plus Plus subscribers, for the all new E. G.4Me episodes, which takes you through a breaking news stories and attempts to make sense of it.  Thanks for your support of this show! Are you taking A Level History? Then why not check out The A Level History Podcast on Spotify! For everything Cold War and More. Click here to check it out.
8/2/202322 minutes, 11 seconds
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Ep. 123 Participation crisis? Update

The world has changed since we last looked at this topic and so it is high time for an update. A wave of public sector strikes as well as protests by environmental groups should give us pause for thought when considering levels of political engagement in the UK. Are we entering a new era of campaigning advocacy and agitation? I argue that we are. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Click⁠⁠⁠⁠ here⁠⁠⁠⁠ to get started. Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. You can also ask follow up questions to each episode by clicking "reply" on the "Do you need any further" help section in the show notes (Spotify listeners only for moment) and take part in our episode by episode polls once you have finished listening. Also look out, Plus Plus Plus subscribers, for the all new E. G.4Me episodes, which takes you through a breaking news stories and attempts to make sense of it.  Thanks for your support of this show!
7/1/202331 minutes, 13 seconds
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Ep. 119 Executive Versus Parliament

In this episode, we debate which branch is stronger, examining a range of tools that each one has to control the other. It all comes down to circumstances. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Click⁠⁠⁠ here⁠⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠⁠here⁠⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. You can also ask follow up questions to each episode by clicking "reply" on the "Do you need any further" help section in the show notes (Spotify listeners only for moment) and take part in our episode by episode polls once you have finished listening. Also look out, Plus Plus Plus subscribers, for the all new E. G.4Me episodes, which takes you through a breaking news stories and attempts to make sense of it.  Thanks for your support of this show!
6/1/202324 minutes, 37 seconds
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INTRODUCING E.G.4Me

A Level Politics could easily be renamed A Level current affairs. It’s a live subject and as Politics students you need to use updated examples and explain their significance. This can be hard, especially around revision time when you have got your heads in your books, and class notes going back 18 months, visiting examples that perhaps were current at the time, only to be told by someone somewhere that your examples are out of date. Likewise, you might get news alerts on your phone about this minister or that scandal or that protest, but the sheer number of moving parts can seem overwhelming at times, especially in these febrile times.  Don’t worry though, The Level Politics  Show is here to help, with the release of E.G.4Me. I’m hoping that about once a week, I’ll release a brief episode of no more than five minutes long (I promise it won’t be more than that!) going through a specific UK or US news story that has recently broken. Each EG4Me episode will explain what happened, what does it all mean, and, most importantly, how you use the example for different essay questions. I'm giving away this first episode for free. If you like what you hear, then why not subscribe the Plus Plus Plus! For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional full-length episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Oh, and of course, every future release of E.G.4Me! Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Click⁠⁠⁠ here⁠⁠⁠ to get started. On today's E.G.4Me: Housing campaigners welcome ban on no-fault evictions. For more about Acorn, the pressure group detailed in this show, click here.
5/21/20236 minutes, 49 seconds
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Ep. 115 UK Pressure Groups and democracy

In this episode, we use recent examples to assess the benefits of pressure groups. We focus on the functions of pressure groups, the theories of pluralism and elitism, and the all important role of lobbying. And yes, Matt Hancock makes another appearance. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. You can also ask follow up questions to each episode by clicking "reply" on the "Do you need any further" help section in the show notes (Spotify listeners only for moment) and take part in our episode by episode polls once you have finished listening. Thanks for your support of this show!
5/1/202321 minutes, 16 seconds
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PLUS PLUS PLUS

Enjoy the podcast? Then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS! In addition to the monthly free episode, you'll receive TWO additional podcasts each month. Once they are released, these bonus episodes will will appear automatically in your podcast feed (cancel anytime but clicking unsubscribe in your confirmation email). You will also gain access to the entire back catalogue of The A Level Politics Show. Just click ⁠⁠here⁠⁠ to get started. Thanks so much for supporting the show!
4/4/20231 minute, 37 seconds
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Ep. 112 Conservatives and Labour: which party is more divided?

With three prime ministers in a year and multiple policy u-turns it is hard to see past the argument that the Tories are more divided than the Labour Party. Admittedly, perhaps favourable opinion polls for Labour hide the division in that party, and things can change pretty quickly if, say, there are a bad set of election results or a scandal. Yet the Conservatives are perpetually in conflict between their ideological beliefs on the one hand and the need for pragmatism and electoral viability on the other. It doesn't want to be a high tax party, but arguably Covid and its previous underfunding of public services have forced the Tories to become one. The EU referendum ripped the party apart, and just as it was putting some of those difficulties behind it, along came #partygate, Boris Johnson and Liz Truss' mini budget to add to the drama. Meanwhile, although the left remains the left inside the Labour Party, it appears willing to sleep until Starmer trips up, perhaps by underwhelming at the next general election and forcing him to require left wing votes. Until such a scenario, however, Labour looks the happier bunny. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠ here⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠here⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
4/2/202335 minutes, 18 seconds
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Ep. 109 Is Devolution Working?

In this episode, we examine in turn how devolution is working in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and England. This pod is an update to episodes 35 and 60, which are still useful, since they deal with slightly different questions, including whether England ought to have its own Parliament and whether devolution has improved democracy.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
3/2/202318 minutes, 54 seconds
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Ep. 106 Conservatism and the economy

In this episode, I argue that most conservatives share similar views on economic matters. However, Neo-liberals are the ideological outliers. Their advocation of rational human nature, atomistic society (does one even exist?) and on a "miniarchist" state leads these kinds of conservatives to very different conclusions about the type of economy that they want. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
2/1/202312 minutes, 40 seconds
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Ep. 102 Parliamentary Sovereignty after Brexit

While legal sovereignty has in part returned to the UK and to the Westminster parliament, political sovereignty still largely rests with the executive. Furthermore, there is the argument that the EU referendum was indeed the ultimate assertion of popular sovereignty, rather than parliamentary power. Meanwhile, the devolved bodies aren't going away and are willing to fight the UK government in the courts. Indeed, sovereignty post-Brexit is the same as it ever was... complicated.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
1/3/202321 minutes, 29 seconds
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Ep. 99 Congressional Representation and the 2022 midterms

Is an election truly representative when so few seats change hands and most of the existing incumbents win? How important is social diversity? Does it matter if members of Congress vote solely along party lines? We explore all of these questions and assess the impact of the 2022 midterms on Congressional representation.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
12/7/202221 minutes, 34 seconds
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Ep. 96 The Conservative Party (Update)

Liz Truss’ mini budget blew up in smoke, forcing her to accept the most dramatic U-turn in British political history. Her tax cuts were almost all reversed and within days she announced her resignation. The New Right appeared to be in retreat. Yet her successor, Rishi Sunak, is no One Nation Conservative. A cautious Thatcherite is still a Thatcherite. And this caution is only reserved for the economy. On welfare, law and order and international affairs, neo-conservative influence on policy is clear as day.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
11/1/202223 minutes, 28 seconds
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Ep. 93 Prime Ministerial Power - an update

In this episode, we examine how dominance of the political system is fleeting and that peril is the norm. If recent and past examples are what you are looking for, then look no further. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
10/3/202239 minutes, 50 seconds
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Ep. 90 12 Mark Questions

In this episode, we look at how to answer the 12 mark questions in Paper 2 (Edexcel - US route). We focus on the use of comparative language and give tips on how to incorporate comparative theories, and showcase how we do this through extracts to model answers. Much of the content of this episode can be found in a recent Politics Review article that I wrote.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
9/1/202216 minutes, 53 seconds
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Ep. 87 How to answer ideologies questions

In this episode, we look at how to structure ideologies essays using the "disagree sandwich" approach. We examine the importance of comparative and persuasive language, give tips on where to use key thinkers and how to write a "strands-led" answer. In addition, there are more suggestions for sentence starters than you can shake a stick at.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click here to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from here.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
8/1/202229 minutes, 43 seconds
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Ep. 84 US constitution - does it still work?

In this episode, we go through the key features and principles of the US constitution and answer the following question: Evaluate the view that the key features of the US constitution no longer work and are no longer relevant. This podcast will improve your understanding of 1) Federalism 2) Limited Government 3) The Separation of Powers 4) Bipartisanship and 5) Checks and Balances.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
7/1/202237 minutes, 18 seconds
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Ep. 81 Judicial Neutrality and Independence

When judges in the UK take decisions, are they consciously or unconsciously bias? Are judges free to make decisions free from political interference? We explore these questions and more in the latest episode of The A Level Politics Show!  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
6/1/202225 minutes, 26 seconds
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Ep. 73 Is Congress Broken?

While there is greater diversity in Congress, gerrymandering is ruining competitive elections in the House of Representatives. While presidents have been impeached and wrongdoing investigated, the rise of “Gotcha” politics prevents meaning oversight. And while Congress sometimes acts decisively, victims of gun crime and those who live in fear of deportation see little prospect that there is a Congress out that which works for them.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
12/8/202135 minutes, 38 seconds
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Ep. 72 The Conservative Party

It has been two years since we covered the Tories and a lot has happened since then. Boris Johnson has steered it towards a more One Nation approach on economic policy, but in a more New Right direction on a number of other matters. The global pandemic has also affected the party’s approach towards state intervention, in both economic affairs and on service provision. In this episode, we discuss whether these polices represent a permanent change, aided and abetted by Tories representing former Labour strongholds, or if they merely provide ballast for winning general elections.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
11/17/202125 minutes, 28 seconds
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Ep. 70 UK Democracy - is it in deficit?

Welcome back to The A Level Politics Show! To kickstart this glorious new academic year, Matthew Phillips and I debate the health of UK democracy. We cover electoral practices, parliamentary representation, the protection of rights and participation, and yes, he helps me to plug my book. In all good bookshops now and under a tenner on Amazon. So good to have you back with us, dear listener!  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
9/9/202138 minutes
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Ep. 69 Comparative: GOP/Tories

In this, the last episode of the term, we focus on the similarities and differences between the UK Conservative Party and US Republican Party. Both of these parties share similar feelings about welfare and the economy, but operate in different political cultures, allowing the GOP greater ideological purity and forcing the Tories to act more pragmatically.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
7/21/202114 minutes, 30 seconds
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Ep. 66 US elections and democracy

From the failure of Iowa to report its caucus results, to fraudulent claims by Trump of vote rigging, the integrity of US elections is in jeopardy. This episode examines an array of areas, including primaries, the electoral college, attempts at voter suppression and gerrymandering, to help students evaluate the question: Evaluate the view that US elections are democratic. The answer arrived at by many, sadly, will be no. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
5/12/202141 minutes, 39 seconds
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Ep. 65 Further constitutional reform?

In this episode, we examine whether the case for further constitutional reform has become overwhelming. We examine topics that have been covered on the podcast before and bring them under one roof to help you answer a general question on this topic. Should the constitution be codified? Is there a case for further devolution in England and ought the Human Rights Act to be replaced with a British Bill of Rights? Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
4/8/202124 minutes, 15 seconds
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Ep. 64 The Republicans

How united is the GOP? While some Republicans have pushed back against Trump’s form of conservatism, there are too few to be considered a threat to his hegemony. The language of the GOP is now in lock step with that of the 45th President. The party has moved decisively to the right on social and moral issues. While there are divides on the economy, all Republicans unite behind tax cuts and deregulation. Equally, occasional fights over healthcare or Covid relief notwithstanding, the GOP believe in limited government and its lawmakers are largely united in pursuing this goal.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
3/24/202118 minutes, 8 seconds
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Ep. 62 Backbenchers

In this episode, we focus on what backbenchers do. What are their functions and which one is the most important? We examine the influence of backbench MPs in both hung and majority parliaments, and then end with some tips on what to look out for when defining key words in your introduction. Enjoy!  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
2/23/202126 minutes, 39 seconds
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Ep. 60 Devolution in England

Should the English be given their own parliament? Or will regional assemblies better represent the people? Of course, there is a third option - continue with the patchwork of random institutions that are created as and when the government sees fit. This “organic” and very British way of implementing devolution has been the route taken for the past twenty years. Proponents of this view argue that “need” is better than “neatness”. I take the view that fairness is better than mess. While an English Parliament should be seen for what it is - a reactionary and narrow-minded attempt to shut people out of decision making - regional assemblies would do the opposite. It is time, I argue, for a federal UK. Unlock this episode by subscribing to PLUS PLUS PLUS! In addition to the monthly free episode, you'll receive TWO additional podcasts each month. Once they are released, these bonus episodes will will appear automatically in your podcast feed (cancel anytime but clicking unsubscribe in your confirmation email). You will also gain access to the entire back catalogue of The A Level Politics Show. Just click ⁠⁠here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠. Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for supporting the podcast. Enjoy!
12/9/202019 minutes, 15 seconds
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Ep. 59 How America voted

In this special episode, we look at how different groups of Americans voted in the US election and whether any conclusions can be drawn about why Biden won. Is this the first election that was decided on the basis of gender? How important was race, especially when considering the summer of protest, the Black Lives Matter movement and the killing of George Floyd? Is age a significant determinant of voting behaviour, or were senior citizens as appalled as their grandchildren at Trump’s handling of Covid 19? We also explore the complexities of class and income, along with voting along religious lines. The one startling realisation that I had, after watching 36 hours straight of John King on CNN, is that where a person lives in America really does matter.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
11/17/202035 minutes, 23 seconds
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Ep. 58 A brief look at the Liberal Democrats

With only 11 seats in parliament, it is difficult to forget that the Liberal Democrats improved its vote share at the 2019 general election, winning 3.6 million votes. Yet what of its future direction? Is it now a Modern Liberal party or will it seek to outflank to Tories on the right by calling for a smaller state? In this brief episode, we look at the 2019 manifesto for some clues. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
10/26/202010 minutes, 26 seconds
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Ep. 54 Are political parties good for democracy?

In this episode, we focus on whether political parties adequately serve democracy. To do so, they must represent the public rather than their donors, they must hold government to account and provide meaningful routes for citizens to participate. I argue that political parties fall far short of performing these functions and, in doing so, do a disservice democracy. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
9/2/202014 minutes, 52 seconds
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Ep. 51 Comparative: Congress and Parliament

In this episode, we compare the House of Commons with the House of Representatives, and the House of Lords with the Senate. In doing so, it is important to examine the powers of each chamber, their status in relation to their sister chambers and their capacity to check the work of the executive. Finally, we send you on your merry way with a host of tips for 12 mark questions. It’s hard to believe that this is the 50th episode of The A Level Politics Show. More than 40,000 downloads and streams later and we are still going strong. Thank you to everyone who listens to the show. If you like us then please leave a favourable rating and review on whatever platform you use to get your podcasts, so that more people can find us.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
7/1/202018 minutes, 22 seconds
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Ep. 50 Is Parliament representative?

To be truly representative, parliament should not only resemble the people it serves. It should gain its legitimacy from fair electoral systems. It should also contain the views and opinions from multiple parties. Finally, parliament should incentivise MPs to act with their conscience and stand up for the interests of their constituents, rather those of their party. The UK parliament ultimately fails all of these tests. This episode is dedicated to the memory of James Furlong RIP.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
6/24/202014 minutes, 22 seconds
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Ep. 49 Referendums

Regardless of one’s position on Brexit, the last four years has taught us that the use of referendums in the UK is in need of reform. While referendums can legitimate policy, they divide communities. Their impact on participation varies and, perhaps most importantly, they have huge potential to mislead and to threaten minority rights. Referendums are also a threat to representative democracy. They can entrench what needs to be overturned and delay what should be speeded up. In short, referendums are an entirely unsuitable way of making political decisions. While the listener may not agree, the purpose of The A Level Politics Show is to model persuasive argument so that students’ essays take up positions, dismiss views they disagree with and exude opinion. So if you get to the end of this podcast and feel angry then good! Politics should make you feel something - your essays must too. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
6/15/202018 minutes, 36 seconds
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Ep. 47 Is the prime minister effectively a president?

Michael Foley argued that prime ministers seek to separate themselves from the forces of constraint, be it parliament, cabinet or their own party. Yet most prime ministers are seldom able to stay on their lofty perch for long. Rival power centres, inept leadership and poorly handled events will do for any prime minister and even for ones with a modicum of popularity. The parliamentary system isn’t built for a president, although few prime ministers appear to have been informed, and continue to act like West Wing fanboys while in office. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
5/26/202020 minutes, 5 seconds
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Ep. 46 Does the UK have a two party system?

While two parties dominate vote share and seat share in parliament, popularity is only one measure of a party system. Several parties have influenced policy over the last decade, most notably UKIP but also the Brexit Party and the DUP. Should we therefore judge a party system by policy influence, or who controls the executive? If the latter is the case, the UK has only one dominant party. Yet it is important get out of the Westminster bubble. The devolved bodies with proportional voting systems lend credence the idea that the two party system theory is not applicable to the whole of the UK. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
5/19/202014 minutes, 14 seconds
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Ep. 45 The Electoral College

Defenders of the Electoral College argue that, to coin a recent Trumpian phrase, the cure might worse than the disease. Yet surely there are better alternatives than allowing the loser to win. Clinton won three million more votes than Trump in 2016, but the current arrangements barred her from becoming the first female president. Trump’s appeal to base instincts and to white nationalism are exactly the things that the founding fathers feared. It was why they created the Electoral College in the first place - to protect the people from themselves. Yet it turned out the people were wiser than the Electoral College, which gave us nativism (Trump) instead of wise albeit flawed experience (Clinton). If The Electoral College cannot serve its purpose it should either be scrapped (unlikely) or manipulated (possible) in such a way to ensure that the winner of the popular vote always becomes president. One alternative, the NPVIC, gives us that assurance and deserves our consideration. Whether anyone can understand it is another matter! Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
5/11/202025 minutes, 23 seconds
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Ep. 42 How powerful is the UK Supreme Court?

I am delighted to welcome back Matthew Phillips to the show, whose phone line manages to behave up to the second segment, yet appears to self isolate for the grand finale. For the sake of debate, I take the side that the court is too powerful, but I agree with my esteemed colleague that the UK judiciary is only as powerful as Parliament lets it be. The creation of the UKSC did bestow upon top judges newfound prestige... but little else in the way of power. Oh, and well done Nayan Patel, whose imagery of the man standing up to the tanks in Tiananmen Square is ably reenacted with Lego. You are the winner of the Lego political landmark/event creation contest. Thus, the icon for this episode is adorned with your winning entry. Well done!  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
4/5/202026 minutes, 33 seconds
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Ep. 41 Is Parliament still sovereign?

In this episode, we consider the theory of where power lies, both legally and formally, and the political reality of where decisions are actually taken. The Covid-19 outbreak has understandably seen crisis management centralised in the hands of the prime minister and the cabinet. Yet don’t discount Parliament just yet. The fact is that sovereignty has multiple locations. It is a moveable feast. We hope you like the new icon - a Lego White House built by my own fair hands (aided with instructions from the Lego company itself). If, during this time of home learning, you would like to build a political landmark out of Lego (or any material for that matter) do send me a picture by tweeting @nickdesouza. The best pic gets to be The A Level Politics Show icon for a week. Whoop whoop!  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
3/30/202028 minutes, 52 seconds
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Ep. 39 Congressional oversight

Please note that an update to this podcast will soon be / is available. Look out for episode 114 from April 17th 2023 (Available to Plus Plus Plus subscribers only). The founding fathers gave many powers to Congress in a bid to overcome tyranny. Yet many of these checks are either underused or abused for political gain. Furthermore, the increase in partisanship has stymied attempts to properly investigate the executive branch, as Trump’s recent impeachment acquittal demonstrates. Granted, a divided government is likely to make better work of scrutinising presidential actions, but more often than not united government, along with other circumstances, are likely to give the advantage to the occupant in the White House. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
2/19/202021 minutes, 11 seconds
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Ep. 38 Parliamentary Scrutiny

The House of Commons and House of Lords both have a range of tools with which to hold government to account, most notably the various forms of questioning that takes place on the floors of both chambers and the valuable committee work takes place off from them. Yet the House of Lords is hindered by its lack of legitimacy and the restrictions placed upon it, and with the restoration of a large majority in the House of Commons, the advantage now rests with the executive.  Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
2/9/202033 minutes, 25 seconds
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Ep. 37 Is the US Supreme Court a political rather than a judicial institution?

The appointment process for a Supreme Court justice starts with politicians and ends with politicians. The power of judicial review and the inability to overturn them, unless through the unlikelihood of a constitutional amendment, means that the nation’s top court is never far from controversy. Yet the limits it faces, not least from those filling its bench, means the Supreme Court is rooted in a judicial response to the cases it hears. However, it’s impact, intended or otherwise, will always be political. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
1/30/202029 minutes, 48 seconds
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Ep. 35 Devolution and democracy

At its best, the devolved bodies established after 1997 have enhanced local decision making, tested fairer electoral systems and promoted representative democracy. Yet it is also right to acknowledge that asymmetry, coupled with the long-standing Barnet formula, has not produced universal love for the new political landscape. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
1/8/202016 minutes, 55 seconds
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Ep. 34 Social factors and voting behaviour

The 2019 General Election again showed that a person’s age is a good indicator of how they vote. Yet class is perhaps just as important in determining election strategy. There are of course some social factors that don’t appear to matter at all. It would also be foolhardy to ignore non-social factors, particularly valence. Image is not everything but it is most things. Ultimately, each election is decided by a unique set of factors. After all, Brexit wasn’t an issue in 1979! And the young voted Tory in 1983. (PAPER 1) Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
12/18/201927 minutes
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Ep. 33 An Imperial Presidency?

It is tempting to look at the impeachment charges levied against President Trump - abuse of power and obstruction of Congress - as evidence that an all-powerful, imperial presidency exists that is associated with illegality and secrecy. Yet the fact that Trump is about to be impeached is the best argument against that argument. Too many constitutional constraints exist to allow for an imperial presidency. Power is not fixed. It varies according to approval ratings, the type of government, national events and electoral mandates. (PAPER 3) Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
12/11/201920 minutes, 40 seconds
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Ep. 32 How representative is Congress?

How do we judge representation? Try these questions on for size: Does Congress look like America? Do elections change anything? Are a broad range of interests and ideas reflected in the two chambers, and what exactly do members of Congress do for ordinary people? The answer to the first three questions is no, and the answer to the last one is not enough. (PAPER 3) Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
12/4/201919 minutes, 16 seconds
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Ep. 31 Comparative: Devolution versus federalism

While traditionally the states in the US had far greater control over their affairs than the regions in the UK, devolution is beginning to change things. Scotland, in particular, is no longer playing nice with Westminster. While in the US, federal institutions have as much chance as influencing policy as the states. (PAPER 3) Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
11/20/201911 minutes, 36 seconds
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Ep. 29 Electoral Reform

While FPTP is held up as promoting strong government and stability, the evidence of the past few years has shown otherwise. While the 2019 General Election may yet see a return to strong, single party government with a clear mandate, the alternatives on offer would provide the UK with a chance to heal the wounds of Brexit. The electoral system we currently have cannot sever us from tribalism. Rather, it is the cause of it. Thus, electoral reform is an idea whose time has come. (PAPER 1) Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
11/6/201926 minutes, 42 seconds
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Ep. 27 Labour: Has it returned to its ideological roots?

The “Old” and “New” Labour factions of the Labour Party existed long before Tony Blair coined the names. Indeed, the Attlee government was riven with internal divides, as the resignation of Nye Bevan showed. Yet Corbyn’s elevation as party leader reflects a broader trend, perhaps started by Blair himself when he pressurised his chancellor to spend more on the NHS, of a Labour Party that is moving to the left, where it will likely stay for some time to come. (Paper 1). PLEASE NOTE THAT THERE IS A MORE RECENT PODCAST ON THE LABOUR PARTY (EPISODE 91), WHICH WILL BE AVAILABLE TO PLUS PLUS PLUS SUBSCRIBERS IN SEPTEMBER 2022 Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
10/21/201921 minutes, 15 seconds
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Ep. 24 Partisanship in the US

The founding fathers believed that the US constitution and its elaborate set of checks and balances would encourage compromise and bipartisanship. Yet the ideological distance between the two main parties and an utter refusal to compromise on even the most basic proposals has lead to gridlock, bitterness and dysfunction. It is one of the major reasons why the US constitution simply doesn’t work anymore. (PAPER 3) Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
10/5/201920 minutes
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Ep. 23 Have the Tories abandoned One Nation Conservatism?

Gordon Brown once said of David Cameron that “The more he talks, the less he says”. What he might have been alluding to is the lip service that all Tories pay to One Nation principles or “compassionate conservatism”, just as leaders in India give a nod and a wink to socialism. Yet the evidence of the past decade points to a rightward shift on economics and on service provision, while Brexit has empowered the neo-conservative wing of the party to the detriment of centrist schools of thought. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
9/28/201927 minutes, 17 seconds
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Ep. 22 Are UK judges too powerful?

Now that the Supreme Court has ruled Boris Johnson’s prorogation of Parliament to be unlawful, we look at whether the 11 unelected judges of the UK’s top court are too powerful. Nick strongly argues that they are simply doing their job. It is not the courts that are acting like despots, but the prime minister. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
9/24/201931 minutes, 56 seconds
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Ep. 21 Comparative: Amending the US/UK constitutions

It is conventional wisdom that the US constitution is difficult to change while the UK’s uncodified and unentrenched arrangements are more flexible. Yet the truth is somewhat muddier. The power of the US Supreme Court means that the US constitution is routinely updated through judicial interpretation. Meanwhile, the use of referendums to create new institutions in the UK, the most notable being the Scottish Parliament, makes it politically impossible to abolish them. Thus, the two constitutions are more similar than one might think. The US system is capable of change, while the UK system has greater rigidity than is billed. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
9/19/201910 minutes, 44 seconds
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Ep. 20 Pressure Groups in the UK

How powerful are pressure groups and what are the factors that affect their success? Nick examines whether insider status is really that important. He also suggests that while money is handy, sound leadership is even more useful. Finally, while public support is important, government support is critical to the success of any cause. Happy to report that no rebellion became extinct during the making of this podcast, which is hardly surprising since we mention Extinction Rebellion on a number of occasions, along with 20 -odd other campaigns. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
9/15/201917 minutes, 24 seconds
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Ep. 19 US Congress - is the Senate the more powerful chamber?

The Senate has huge influence over shaping the makeup of the US Supreme Court and in approving other presidential appointments. It gets involved in foreign affairs and its members can literally talk a bill to death. Yet the House of Representatives still matters hugely as a result of its co-equal legislative power. Therefore, it is wrong to claim that one chamber is significantly more powerful than the other. That said, the Senate has greater prestige. Senators enjoy a national profile that is the envy of their colleagues in the House. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
9/11/201928 minutes, 44 seconds
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Ep. 18 The Fixed Term Parliament Act

The FTPA has many enemies, all of whom stand to benefit if it is scrapped or circumvented. Nick argues that from ending it, we should be mending it. Please note that this episode was recorded before the FTPA was scrapped. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
9/8/201911 minutes, 54 seconds
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Ep. 15 Socialism Means & Ends

To what extent do Socialists agree about the means and ends? Nick is joined by his comrade at Reigate College, Matthew Phillips, to discuss, amongst other things, how to ensure your teeth remain as white as Tony Blair’s. Don’t worry, it will all make sense when you give us a listen. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
8/27/201929 minutes, 49 seconds
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Ep. 13 UK democracy: Is it in deficit?

The late, great Neill McNaughton defined a democratic deficit as “features of the political system which do not conform to, or fall short of, the normal criteria for a true democracy.” It is therefore important to understand what the features or criteria for democracy ought to be and to judge the UK political system against them. Is there enough pluralism? Are elections free and fair? Are several forms of democracy present, including direct, liberal and representative, and do they complement each other? Do people participate in politics and accept that the government has legitimacy? Nick argues that if we judge the UK by posing these sorts of questions, then it is fair to argue that it is indeed suffering from a democratic deficit, made even more so by the collision between direct and representative democracy in the EU referendum, which has laid bare all the faults of the UK political system.Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
8/22/201928 minutes, 24 seconds
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Ep. 12 Feminism - a single doctrine?

Nick looks at whether all feminists think alike, posing the question: Is feminism a single doctrine? Well, feminists agree on a few things, but be in little doubt that this is a very divided ideology. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
8/18/201924 minutes, 40 seconds
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Ep. 11 US Federalism

Nick looks at the inbuilt tension between the US government and the 50 states. We delve into “elastic clauses” and their opposition in the form of the tenth amendment. We also examine the impact of Trump upon the federal-state relationship, as well as Supreme Court decisions.Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
8/14/201927 minutes, 14 seconds
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Ep. 10 A codified constitution, anyone?

Nick is joined by Matthew Phillips to debate whether the UK should adopt a US-style codified constitution. While mimicking America is not fancied by either host, there are certainly lessons to be learned from many other countries. Avoiding an overly powerful executive and protecting rights can be achieved by moving away from the UK’s un-entrenched arrangements. But who would write the document? This show was recorded in 2017 when The A Level Politics Show was very young indeed. Forgive our talks about tea and hotdogs - we knew not of what we were doing. Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
8/13/201923 minutes
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Ep. 9 Should the House of Lords be elected?

In this legacy episode recorded in 2017, Matthew and Nick debate the House of Lords and come to different conclusions about whether to reform it. We discuss whether legitimacy actually matters compared to much of the good work that is performed by the UK’s upper chamber. (PAPER 2) Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
8/13/201927 minutes, 33 seconds
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Ep. 8 Political participation

Is there a participation crisis in UK politics? Nick examines the various forms of political participation that are available to citizens in the UK, ranging from voting to completing e-petitions. He argues that while some forms of participation are on the decline, others are on the up. Reports of its death have therefore been grossly exaggerated. As a heads up, apologies if you can hear lawnmowers, text messaging and snoring cats. We really have to find a recording studio. (PAPER 1) Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
8/11/201926 minutes, 5 seconds
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Ep. 6 Checks and balances in the US

Nick examines whether the checks and balances contained in the US constitution are effective in avoiding tyranny and in encouraging bypartisanship. He argues that they do neither. (PAPER 3) Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
8/6/201930 minutes, 14 seconds
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Ep. 3 Conservatism and society

Nick looks at conservative attitudes towards society. (PAPER 1) Like the podcast? Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
7/30/201922 minutes, 13 seconds
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Ep.2 Prime ministerial power in the age of Boris

We return to the issue of prime ministerial power, and whether the UK’s 55th prime minister, Boris Johnson, will be able to utilise the tools of office to dominate the political system. Nick argues that the prospects are bleak. (PAPER 2)Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
7/24/201942 minutes, 47 seconds
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Ep. 1 Liberalism and the state

In this first episode of our new series, Nick delves into liberalism (PAPER 1), and whether modern and classical liberals agree about the role of the state. We also touch upon some all important exam technique for the 24 mark questions on ideologies (Edexcel specification). Enjoy the podcast, then why not subscribe to PLUS PLUS PLUS!? For just £1.99 per month, you will receive TWO additional episodes per month that will automatically appear in your podcast feed as soon as they become available. You'll also get access to the full back catalogue of A Level Politics Show podcasts. Furthermore, you can cancel anytime - no obligations and no hidden costs. Just lots of learning. Just click⁠⁠ here⁠⁠ to get started. If you like reading as well as listening, then you can also try my revision book, which can be purchased from ⁠⁠here⁠⁠.  Oh, and don't forget to leave a nice review wherever you listen to your podcasts, so that more people can find out about us. Thanks for your support.
7/23/201923 minutes, 27 seconds