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Reconquista

English, History, 1 season, 88 episodes, 1 day, 8 hours, 55 minutes
About
The history of the rise of Al-Andalus and the gradual re-conquering of Spain by the Spanish Christian kingdoms is an epic tale beginning in the year 712 and concluding with the fall of the Kingdom of Grenada in 1492. Join the History of the Crusades Podcast as we cover this lengthy piece of narrative history.
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Episode 88 - Castile in the crosshairs

Following its loss at the Battle of Alarcos, the Kingdom of Castile faces an existential threat in 1196 as it is attacked simultaneously by Leon, Navarre and the Almohads.
5/24/202420 minutes, 11 seconds
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Episode 87 - Alarcos

The truces between the Christian rulers and the Caliph expire and both sides clash at the Battle of Alarcos in 1195.
5/10/202421 minutes, 48 seconds
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Episode 86 - Confrontations

During the years 1190 and 1191, the Caliph launches a number of military campaigns against the Kingdom of Portugal, intent on reclaiming the town of Silves.
4/26/202421 minutes, 21 seconds
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Episode 85 - A bunch of Alfonsos

Following the bunch of deaths which occurred in the last episode, we have a bunch of new Christian kings - most of whom are named Alfonso.   As the Third Crusade is launched, we see the new king of Portugal, King Sancho I, join with a fleet of crusaders to attack the Muslim town of Silves. 
4/12/202423 minutes
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Episode 84 - A bunch of deaths

 We cover the Caliph's campaign against the Christians in 1184 and wave goodbye to three major players from our narrative.
3/29/202422 minutes, 17 seconds
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Episode 83 - The rise of the young Alfonsos

We track the progress of the two new kids on the block in Christian Spain - King Alfonso VIII of Castile and King Alfonso II of Aragon.
3/15/202422 minutes, 41 seconds
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Episode 82 - The Caliph's campaign Part 2

We continue to follow the Caliph on his less than optimal military campaign against the Christians in 1172.
3/1/202421 minutes, 21 seconds
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Episode 81 - The Caliph's campaign Part 1

In 1172 the Caliph embarks on an ambitious campaign to conquer Christian Spain.
2/16/202422 minutes, 8 seconds
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Episode 80 - Almohad consolidation

The Almohads finally achieve their goal, becoming the uncontested rulers of al-Andalus.  Their next move will be to focus on defeating the Christians.
12/22/202321 minutes, 16 seconds
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Episode 79 - The Wolf King and Geraldo the Fearless

When the new Caliph turns his attention to al-Andalus, he concentrates on two threats - the Portugese freelancer Geraldo the Fearless and the Almohad's traditional foe the Wolf King.
12/8/202322 minutes, 12 seconds
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Episode 78 - A new Caliph

Ambitious plans by the Almohads to dominate al-Andalus are interrupted by the death of the Caliph.
11/24/202321 minutes, 28 seconds
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Episode 77 - Setbacks all around

Some unexpected deaths among the leaders of Christian Spain, result in two kingdoms being ruled by children named Alfonso.  Meanwhile, over in the Almohad camp, things aren't going much better with the Caliph and his armies preoccupied in northern Africa.
11/10/202321 minutes, 18 seconds
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Episode 76 - The Kingdom of Leon and the Kingdom of Castile

Following the fateful decision by the late King Alfonso VII to split his kingdom in two, we meet his sons - King Sancho III of Castile and King Fernando II of Leon.
10/27/202323 minutes, 19 seconds
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Episode 75 - Exit King Alfonso VII

King Alfonso VII of Leon and Castile becomes seriously ill just as the Almohads begin to go on the offensive.
10/13/202321 minutes, 32 seconds
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Episode 74 - Christian progress slows

King Alfonso VII's attempts to conquer al-Andalus falter, causing him to search far and wide for extra troops.
9/29/202323 minutes, 46 seconds
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Episode 73 - Christian conquests

At the same time as the King of Portugal is besieging Lisbon, King Alfonso VII and the Count of Barcelona are embarking on conquests of their own.
9/15/202324 minutes, 10 seconds
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Episode 72 - The Kingdom of Portugal and the Second Crusade Part 4

We bring the siege of Lisbon to its conclusion.
9/1/202321 minutes, 13 seconds
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Episode 71 - The Kingdom of Portugal and the Second Crusade Part 3

The siege of Lisbon commences, with the crusaders attacking the suburbs outside the city walls.  Construction then begins on some impressive siege equipment. 
8/18/202323 minutes, 49 seconds
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Episode 70 - The Kingdom of Portugal and the Second Crusade Part 2

The fleet of crusaders makes its way southwards to discuss its participation in the siege of Lisbon with King Alfonso I of Portugal.
8/4/202320 minutes, 8 seconds
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Episode 69 - The Kingdom of Portugal and the Second Crusade Part 1

King Alfonso I of Portugal decides to take advantage of the crusading movement for his campaign to attack Lisbon.
7/21/202322 minutes, 9 seconds
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Episode 68 - The arrival of the Almohads

As Almoravid rule collapses, the Almohads arrive on the Iberian peninsula. 
7/7/202323 minutes, 35 seconds
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Episode 67 - The decline of the Almoravids

We switch our focus to the southern portion of the Iberian peninsula, where Almoravid influence is waning.
6/23/202323 minutes, 25 seconds
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Episode 66 - Succession Drama Part 3

The succession drama following the death of Alfonso of Aragon finally comes to an end with the Christian parts of the Iberian peninsula forming themselves into four separate kingdoms - the Kingdom of Leon & Castile, the Kingdom of Aragon/Catalonia, the Kingdom of Navarre and the Kingdom of Portugal.   
6/9/202324 minutes
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Episode 65 - Succession Drama Part 2

As the succession drama following the death of Alfonso of Aragon continues, the Kingdom of Aragon struggles to survive.
5/26/202322 minutes, 15 seconds
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Episode 64 - Succession Drama Part 1

Fall out from the death of Alfonso of Aragon leaves leaders from across the region scrambling to take advantage of the situation. 
5/12/202321 minutes, 36 seconds
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Episode 63 - Exit Alfonso of Aragon

After an action-packed life, Alfonso of Aragon dies in 1134.  However, the terms of his will leave the Kingdom of Aragon facing an uncertain future. 
4/28/202320 minutes, 56 seconds
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Episode 62 - French troubles

In an unexpected turn of events, King Alfonso of Aragon finds himself bogged down by events in France.
4/14/202320 minutes, 24 seconds
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Episode 61 - King Alfonso VII

Following the death of Queen Urraca in 1127, a scramble for power takes place in the north -  resulting in the coronation of King Alfonso VII.
3/31/202321 minutes, 16 seconds
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Episode 60 - Alfonso of Aragon - Valencia and beyond

Fresh from his conquest of Zaragoza, Alfonso of Aragon embarks on an ambitious campaign pushing deep into Almoravid territory in 1125.
3/17/202321 minutes, 19 seconds
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Episode 59 - Alfonso of Aragon - Zaragoza

We check in on Alfonso of Aragon who is attempting to secure the taifa of Zaragoza.
3/3/202322 minutes, 6 seconds
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Episode 58 - Queen Urraca encounters some difficulties

Queen Urraca finds herself in conflict with Rome following her imprisonment of Archbishop Gelmirez of Santiago de Compostela in 1120.
2/17/202322 minutes, 17 seconds
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Episode 57 - Queen Uracca makes some moves

While King Alfonso of Aragon is occupied in Zaragoza, Queen Uracca embarks on a misson to defeat her enemies in the north of the peninsula. 
12/23/202222 minutes, 50 seconds
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Episode 56 - Zaragoza

King Alfonso of Aragon embarks on an ambitious campaign to conquer Zaragoza in 1118.
12/9/202224 minutes, 52 seconds
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Episode 55 - Portugal

The Kingdom of Portugal emerges while Queen Urraca endures one of the worst experiences of her reign in the town of Santiago de Compostela.
11/25/202223 minutes, 6 seconds
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Episode 54 - Truce

The warring monarchs in the Christian north finally decide to set their differences aside.
11/11/202222 minutes, 13 seconds
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Episode 53 - Family dramas

After the breakdown of the marrage between Queen Urraca and Alfonso of Aragon, events threaten to spiral out of control.
10/28/202221 minutes, 58 seconds
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Episode 52 - Alfonso of Aragon & Urraca

The marriage of King Alfonso I of Aragon to Urraca of Leon and Castile gets off to a rocky, gravelly and croaky start - just like my voice in this episode unfortunately. 
10/14/202223 minutes, 15 seconds
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Episode 51 - Yes, another episode about succession issues

Just when King Alfonso VI believes he has his succession issues all sorted, an unexpected event throws everything up in the air.
9/30/202223 minutes, 27 seconds
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Episode 50 - Some more succession issues

While a looming succession crisis emerges for both king Alfonso VI and the Almoravids, a shift in popular consciousness begins to take place following the death of El Cid.
9/16/202221 minutes, 38 seconds
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Episode 49 - Succession issues

The Kingdom of Leon and Castile and the Christian territory of Valencia both grapple with succession issues.
9/2/202221 minutes, 48 seconds
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Episode 48 - El Cid

Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar (aka El Cid) scores a memorable victory against the Almoravids at the battle of Cuarte in 1094.
8/19/202220 minutes, 49 seconds
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Episode 47 - Valencia

El Cid manages to conquer the wealthy taifa of Valencia.
8/5/202221 minutes, 46 seconds
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Episode 46 - The Almoravid advance

The Almoravids invade al-Andalus in 1090 and begin to conquer the taifas.
7/22/202222 minutes, 59 seconds
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Episode 45 - Another interlude

Between the departure of the Almoravids in 1088 and their return in 1090, a number of significant events take place. 
7/8/202222 minutes, 29 seconds
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Episode 44 - Interlude

In the period of interlude between the departure of the Almoravids and their return to al-Andalus, some significant events take place.
6/24/202222 minutes, 48 seconds
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Episode 43 - The Almoravids

The Almoravids of northern Africa arrive in al-Andalus and clash with King Alfonso VI at the battle of Sagrajas in October 1086.
6/10/202222 minutes, 1 second
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Episode 42 - A serpent in the basket

As King Alfonso VI and Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar prepare to face off in Zaragoza, a new threat emerges to the south.
5/27/202222 minutes, 55 seconds
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Episode 41 - The struggle for Toledo

As King Alfonso's attentions turn to the east, different factions inside Toledo struggle for supremacy.
5/13/202221 minutes, 33 seconds
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Episode 40 - Toledo Part 3

In the first major victory of the Reconquesta, Toledo falls to King Alfonso VI.
4/29/202223 minutes, 8 seconds
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Episode 39 - Toledo Part 2

The taifa of Toledo hits a rocky patch which King Alfonso VI swings to his advantage.  Meanwhile, Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar (later known as El Cid) makes a couple of bad choices and ends up in exile.
4/15/202222 minutes, 13 seconds
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Episode 38 - Toledo Part 1

During the 1070s, two assassinations - one in al-Andalus and one in the Christian north - send shockwaves across the Iberian peninsula.
4/1/202222 minutes, 59 seconds
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Episode 37 - Barbastro Part 2

Christian armies from France and beyond, hit some speed humps in their attempts to conquer parts of the taifa of Zaragoza.
3/18/202221 minutes, 23 seconds
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Episode 36 - Barbastro Part 1

We turn our attentions to the Christian Kingdoms in the Pyrenees where the King of Aragon has been attempting to conquer territory in Muslim Zaragoza.
3/4/202221 minutes, 36 seconds
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Episode 35 - Succession

Following the death of King Fernando I of Leon and Castile, his heirs embark on a messy succession journey.
2/18/202223 minutes, 18 seconds
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Episode 34 - King Fernando I of Leon and Castile Part 2

We follow the exploits of King Fernando I until the end of his reign in 1065.
12/23/202122 minutes, 29 seconds
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Episode 33 - King Fernando I of Leon and Castile Part 1

Taking advantage of conflict between the Taifas, King Fernando begins his policy of raiding into and extracting tribute from, regions across al-Andalus. 
12/10/202121 minutes, 55 seconds
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Episode 32 - The Taifas

Following the collapse of the Caliphate, a number of regional kingdoms called Taifas, emerge across al-Andalus.
11/26/202122 minutes, 35 seconds
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Episode 31 - Galicia, Leon & Castile

We complete our look at the Christian kingdoms by examining the Christian North.
11/12/202122 minutes, 8 seconds
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Episode 30 - Aragon & Catalonia

We continue our focus on the Christian states by taking a look at the establishment of Catalonia and the rise of the Kingdom of Aragon.
10/29/202122 minutes, 41 seconds
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Episode 29 - The Kingdom of Navarre

We track developments in the Kingdom of Navarre, up to the end of the Caliphate in the 1030s.
10/15/202122 minutes, 20 seconds
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Episode 28 - The end of the Caliphate

The chaos in al-Andalus continues, with the Caliphate eventually stumbling and coming to an end.
10/1/202119 minutes, 26 seconds
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Episode 27 - Sanchuelo

We take a look at the short but disastrous rule of Sanchuelo.
9/17/202121 minutes, 14 seconds
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Episode 26 - After al-Mansur

We look back on al-Mansur's legacy following his unexpected death in the year 1002.  Then we examine the rule of his son and successor, Abd al-Malik. 
9/3/202119 minutes, 1 second
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Episode 25 - Al-Mansur Part 3

Al-Mansur reaches the pinnacle of his power and celebrates by launching an audacious attack on Santiago de Compostela.
8/20/202120 minutes, 49 seconds
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Episode 24 - Al-Mansur Part 2

Having assumed control of the administration of al-Andalus, al-Mansur turns his attention to the Caliphate's military forces.
8/6/202120 minutes, 26 seconds
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Episode 23 - Al-Mansur Part 1

When a child is invested as the new Calpih of al-Andalus, al-Mansur manipulates events to his advantage.
7/23/202121 minutes, 4 seconds
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Episode 22 - Trouble brewing

After al-Hakam II suffers a health setback, a palace official moves to take advantage of the situation.
7/9/202121 minutes, 18 seconds
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Episode 21 - al-Hakam II

We take a look at the rule of Abd al-Rahman's successor, al-Hakam II.  We also explore the impact of one of the most prominent Jewish residents of al-Andalus, Hasdai ibn Shaprut.
6/25/202121 minutes, 45 seconds
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Episode 20 - The Caliph Part 2

Abd al-Rahman III continues his wildly successful period of rule.
6/11/202120 minutes, 39 seconds
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Episode 19 - The Caliph Part 1

Having catapulted himself onto the world stage, Abd al-Rahman III builds a palace to match his new status.
5/28/202124 minutes, 18 seconds
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Episode 18 - Abd al-Rahman III

We welcome a new Emir to al-Andalus.  
5/14/202124 minutes, 21 seconds
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Episode 17 - Abd-Allah

Al-Andalus has had a solid run of competent, energetic Emirs...until now.  We examine the disastrous rule of Abd-Allah.
4/30/202123 minutes, 30 seconds
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Episode 16 - The rebel of Bobastro

While King Alfonso III continues his campaign of expansion in the north of the Iberian peninsula, Emir Muhammad faces a new threat to his reign.
4/16/202122 minutes, 18 seconds
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Episode 15 - King Alfonso III of Asturias

While the Emir of al-Andalus Muhammad I is trying to stamp out rebellions within his territory, a new threat emerges, in the form of King Alphonso III of Asturias.
4/2/202119 minutes, 55 seconds
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Episode 14 - Muhammad I

We examine the beginning of the period of rule of the new Emir of al-Andalus, Muhammad I.
3/19/202122 minutes, 17 seconds
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Episode 13 - Christianity during the rule of Abd al-Rahman II : outside al-Andalus

We examine how Christians who left al-Andalus during the reign of Abd al-Rahman II for the northern parts of the Iberian peninsula, left their influence on the Christian states.  We also zoom in for a closer look at the Basque region.
3/5/202120 minutes, 32 seconds
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Episode 12 - Christianity during the rule of Abd al-Rahman II : inside al-Andalus

We take a look at the effect of the colourful reign of Abd al-Rahman II on the Christians of al-Andalus.
2/19/202122 minutes, 13 seconds
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Episode 11 - Abd al-Rahman II

We return to the narrative in 822 and welcome a new Emir to al-Andalus - Abd al-Rahman II.
12/11/202026 minutes, 23 seconds
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Episode 10 - The early 800s: a snapshot

We take a look at the Iberian peninsula in the first few decades of the 9th century.
11/27/202026 minutes, 26 seconds
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Episode 9 - The Kingdom of Asturias

We take a look at the establishment and rise of the rebel Christian Kingdom of Asturias.
11/13/202024 minutes, 41 seconds
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Episode 8 - al-Hakam

We take a look at the lengthy reign of al-Hakam then travel to the northern coastline of the Iberian peninsula where some independent Christian states are beginning to emerge.
10/30/202023 minutes, 41 seconds
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Episode 7 - Hisham

Abd al-Rahman died in the year 788.  Which one of his sons will rise to power?
10/16/202022 minutes, 51 seconds
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Episode 6 - Abd al-Rahman

The last surviving member of the Umayyad dynasty makes his way to the Iberian peninsula, a move which will have long-reaching consequences.
10/2/202023 minutes, 27 seconds
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Episode 5 - Shifting power: 740-750

The Muslim rulers of Al-Andalus face a Berber revolt and the arrival of some troublesome newcomers.
9/18/202024 minutes, 2 seconds
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Episode 4 - Securing Muslim rule

Within a few years following the Battle of 711, the Muslim invaders had consolidated their rule over the Iberian peninsula.  How did they manage to do this?  Listen in to find out.
9/4/202024 minutes, 45 seconds
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Episode 3 - The Battle of 711

We discuss the battle which brought the Muslim conquerers to the Iberian peninsula.
8/21/202026 minutes
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Episode 2 - The final years of the Visigoths

We examine the lead up to the battle of 711 and the last years of Visigothic rule.
8/7/202026 minutes, 25 seconds
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Episode 1 - Introduction

We take a look at the Iberian peninsular from Roman rule to the establishment of the Visigoths.  
7/24/202025 minutes, 50 seconds