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MCAT Basics (from MedSchoolCoach)

English, Sciences, 1 season, 131 episodes, 3 days, 4 hours, 36 minutes
About
Join us as we detail MCAT exam topics. Each podcast covers several MCAT sections with lessons based on review material put out by the AAMC, such as practice tests and question banks. Sam also interviews MCAT tutors and experts who share tips on how premed students can raise their score to get into medical school.
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Social Stratification

This MCAT podcast covers social stratification. It begins with a definition and examples of many terms related to social stratification and inequality, including prejudice, discrimination, stereotype, stereotype threat, status (ascribed vs achieved), power (six different types to know), social capital (and other forms of capital), gentrification, and poverty. The discussion then moves on to social class and the social gradient in healthcare.   Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.   [00:00] Introduction [02:24] Terms related to social stratification [03:03] Defining social stratification [03:53] What is prejudice [04:57] Defining stereotype and discrimination [09:29] What is stereotype threat [13:04] Status and the six different types of power [21:50] Social Capital [23:38] Defining gentrification [25:07] Absolute poverty vs. relative poverty [27:59] Social Class [33:53] Social Stratification in Healthcare  
6/20/202442 minutes, 22 seconds
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Classic Psychology Experiments

In this episode, we delve into classic psychology experiments –relevant to the Psych/Soc section of the MCAT. We cover a range of significant studies, including Pavlov’s Dog, Harlow’s Monkey Study, Albert’s Bobo Doll Experiment, the Skinner Box Experiment, Asch’s Conformity (Line) Experiment, the Milgram Experiment, Watson’s Little Albert Experiment, Sherif’s Robbers Cave Study, and Seligman’s Learned Helplessness Dog Study. Additionally, we touch on rapid-fire cases like Zimbardo’s Prison Experiment, the Kitty Genovese case, and Phineas Gage’s story.  Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.   [00:00] Introduction [02:37] Pavlov’s Dog Experiment [07:40] Harlow’s Monkey Study [12:05] Albert’s Bobo Doll Experiment [15:41] The Skinner Box Experiment [24:12] Asch Conformity (Line) Experiment [28:16] The Milgram Experiment [36:01] Watson’s Little Albert Experiment [39:10] Sherif’s Robbers Cave Study [43:17] Seligman’s Learned Helplessness Dog Study [46:14]  Zimbardo’s Prison Experiment [48:39]  The Kitty Genovese case [49:47]  Phineas Gage’s story  
6/18/202451 minutes, 35 seconds
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The Cell Cycle

In this episode, we explore the different phases of the cell cycle: Interphase (G1, S, G2) and the M phase (mitosis). Next, we discuss the regulation of the cell cycle and the key checkpoints that ensure its proper progression. Finally, we touch on how dysfunction in the cell cycle can lead to diseases, particularly cancer. This material is likely to appear in the Bio/Biochem section of the MCAT.   Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.   [00:00] Introduction [02:06] Overview of the cell cycle [02:38] Two main phases of the cell cycle [04:11] Interphase  [12:43] Mitotic phase [18:20] Regulation of the cell cycle [27:09] Relevant examples of the cell cycle and disease
6/13/202433 minutes, 58 seconds
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Isomers

In this episode, we delve into three common types of isomers that you are likely to encounter on the MCAT: structural isomers, geometric isomers, and stereoisomers.  We start by defining each type of isomer, providing clear and concise explanations to ensure a solid understanding. Next, we present common examples of each isomer type to illustrate their unique characteristics. Finally, we discuss real-world applications and scenarios where these isomers are relevant, particularly in the context of the MCAT. This material will appear in the Physical Chemistry section of the MCAT and may also be found in the Biochemistry section. Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.   Jump Into the Conversation: [00:00] Introduction [02:06] Structural isomers [06:03] Geometric isomers [15:50] Three different kinds of stereoisomers [16:30] Enantiomers [17:44] Diastereomers [18:46] Conformational isomers [22:06] Key terms regarding stereoisomers [26:54] Difference between absolute and relative configurations of stereoisomers [28:22] Interesting example of stereoisomers in different sugars  
6/11/202432 minutes, 13 seconds
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Emotion and Motivation

In this episode, we cover motivation and emotion–key concepts that will show up in the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section of the MCAT. We start with the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. We then go into various theories including evolutionary, arousal, drive-reduction, incentive, three needs theory, Maslow’s hierarchy, and the correlation between harmful behaviors like addiction and motivation.  Lastly we get into emotion, covering its three components, the relationship between emotion and the brain, and an array of theories including evolutionary, James-Lange, Cannon-Bard, Schachter-Singer, Lazarus, and facial feedback theories. Additionally, we discuss the influence of culture on emotion and delves into emotional disorders. Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.   Jump Into the Conversation: [00:00] Introducing MCAT Basics [02:09] Defining Motivation [03:00] The difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation [04:30] Theories of Motivation - Evolutionary, Arousal, Drive-reduction, Incentive, Three Needs and Maslow’s Hierarchy,  [19:30] The correlation between harmful behaviors like addiction and motivation.  [26:07] Defining emotion [27:50] The psychological, cognitive, and behavioral components of emotion [31:11] The theories of emotion -  evolutionary perspective of emotion,  James Lang theory, the Cannon Barr theory, and the Schachter Singer theory. [41:09] The facial feedback theory [46:28] Emotional disorders that you're most likely to see on the MCAT- depressive disorders anxiety based disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder, and bipolar disorders.  
6/6/202457 minutes, 39 seconds
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Cardiovascular System + Fluids

In this episode, we focus on the cardiovascular system and its connection to fluid mechanics. Beginning with an exploration of cardiovascular anatomy, the discussion covers various aspects of the heart: its function, contraction mechanism, the diverse cell types found within it, and its essential role in regulating blood pressure.  Finally, in the latter part of the episode, several fluid mechanics topics pertinent to the MCAT and their application to the cardiovascular system are addressed. These include total peripheral resistance, viscosity, the continuity equation, and the Bernoulli equation, offering insights into their relevance in understanding cardiovascular dynamics. Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.   [00:00] Intro [02:32] Circulatory system overview [08:48] Blood's journey from the heart through systematic circulation [11:49] The reason the heart needs one-way valves [15:14] The path of blood flow through the body [16:52] Function of the heart [22:21] QRS complex [24:24] Cells that make up the heart [28:33] Hormonal control of blood pressure and its relationship to the heart [40:39] Application of physics fluids to cardiovascular system [43:31] Peripheral resistance [48:38] Viscosity  [51:54] Continuity equation [55:02] Bernoulli equation
6/4/202459 minutes, 8 seconds
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Cardiovascular System + Fluids

In this episode, we focus on the cardiovascular system and its connection to fluid mechanics. Beginning with an exploration of cardiovascular anatomy, the discussion covers various aspects of the heart: its function, contraction mechanism, the diverse cell types found within it, and its essential role in regulating blood pressure.    Finally, in the latter part of the episode, several fluid mechanics topics pertinent to the MCAT and their application to the cardiovascular system are addressed. These include total peripheral resistance, viscosity, the continuity equation, and the Bernoulli equation, offering insights into their relevance in understanding cardiovascular dynamics.   Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.   [00:00] Intro [02:32] Circulatory system overview [08:48] Blood's journey from the heart through systematic circulation [11:49] The reason the heart needs one-way valves [15:14] The path of blood flow through the body [16:52] Function of the heart [22:21] QRS complex [24:24] Cells that make up the heart [28:33] Hormonal control of blood pressure and its relationship to the heart [40:39] Application of physics fluids to cardiovascular system [43:31] Peripheral resistance [48:38] Viscosity  [51:54] Continuity equation [55:02] Bernoulli equation
6/4/202441 minutes, 2 seconds
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Translational Motion

This podcast addresses translational motion. First, vectors are covered. Then, the variables of acceleration, velocity, and position are discussed. Next, the host discusses the relationship between those three variables. Finally, it covers free fall, projectile motion, air resistance, and friction. The example link for this segment is provided here:  Geogebra Example Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.   Jump into the conversation: [00:00] MCAT Tutoring from MedSchoolCoach [00:34] Welcome to MCAT Basics [01:06] Topics covered in this episode [01:57] What is translational motion [04:08] Vectors [14:21] Velocity, acceleration, and position/displacement [20:08] The relationship between acceleration, velocity, and position  [34:53] Free fall and projectile motion [44:40] The four equations to know for projectile motion [47:20] Air resistance and friction  
5/30/202451 minutes, 59 seconds
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Cell Organelles

This podcast explores cell organelles, organized into five categories: organelles found in all cells, eukaryotic cells, plant and bacterial cells, human and bacterial cells, human cells only, and plant cells only. The organelles discussed include ribosomes, vacuoles, cytoskeleton, plasma membrane, peroxisome, proteasome, nucleus, nucleolus, smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosome, cell wall, flagella, mitochondria, melanosome, and chloroplasts. Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.   Jump into the conversation: [00:00] MCAT Tutoring from MedSchoolCoach [00:34] Welcome to MCAT Basics [01:06] Topics covered in this episode [01:59] Definition of “Cell Organelles” [03:59] Organelles found in all cells - ribosomes, vacuoles, cytoskeleton, plasma membrane, peroxisome, proteasome [22:42] Organelles that show up in eukaryotes only - nucleus,  nucleolus, smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosome [40:03] Orgnalles shared by plants and bacteria - cell wall and flagella [46:40] Organelles found in human cells only -  mitochondria, melanosome, and chloroplasts  
5/28/202456 minutes
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Kinetics and Solubility

This podcast discusses chemical kinetics and solubility. It begins with an exploration of kinetics, including the general concept, collision theory, rate laws, and the Arrhenius equation. Next, it delves into solubility, covering the general concept, solubility product (Ksp), the common ion effect, selective precipitation, and Henry’s law. Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.   Jump into the conversation: [00:00] MCAT Tutoring from MedSchoolCoach [00:34] Welcome to MCAT Basics [01:06] Topics covered in this episode [02:37] What is general kinetics [08:53] Collision Theory [11:08] Rate Laws [21:15] Arrhenius Equation [28:00] What is Solubility [32:08] Solubility Product (Ksp) [43:49] The Common Ion Effect [45:22] Selective precipitation [48:35] Henry’s Law  
5/23/202451 minutes, 15 seconds
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Physiology and Perception of the Eye

This podcast focuses on the eye. It begins with a brief overview of the eye's anatomy and physiology. The discussion then shifts to rods, cones, and the phototransduction pathway. The final section addresses perception. Key topics include visual field processing, differences between binocular and monocular cues, and feature detection (covering both Magno and Parvo pathways).  Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.   Jump into the conversation: [00:00] MCAT Tutoring from MedSchoolCoach [00:34] Welcome to MCAT Basics [01:06] Topics covered in this episode [02:10] Anatomy & physiology of the eye [16:02] Phototransduction pathway [26:59] Perception  [28:13] Visual field processing [31:34] Binocular versus monocular queues [35:02] Visual feature detection - Gestalt principles [38:18] Parallel Processing [39:12] Parvo versus Magno pathways  
5/21/202442 minutes, 31 seconds
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Adaptive Immune System

To continue our discussion on the immune system, in this episode, we will cover the second type of immune system – the adaptive immune system.    We start with covering some vocabulary that you’ll need to know to understand the immune system, then we move into the cells that make up the adaptive immune system. Then we break down the two branches of the adaptive immune system -  humoral immunity including the discussion of B cells and cell-mediated immunity highlighting T cells.   Don’t miss our previous episode on the other type of immune system, the innate immune system.    Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.   Jump into the conversation: [00:00] MCAT Tutoring from MedSchoolCoach [00:34] Welcome to MCAT Basics [01:06] Topics covered in this episode [02:01] Review on the difference between innate vs. adaptive immue system [02:32] General Vocabulary terms for the adaptive immune system [07:05] The cells that make up the adaptive immune system [13:09] The humoral immune system and B cells [26:07] Cell mediated immunity and T Cells [34:38] Antigen activation  
5/16/202443 minutes, 46 seconds
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Innate Immune System

The immune system is split up into two main categories - the adaptive immune system and the innate immune system.  This episode will cover the intricacies of the innate immune system beginning with an overview of its constituent cells. We will then explore three pivotal elements of the system: anatomical barriers, the general inflammatory response, and the complement system. This will show up in the bio/biochem section of the MCAT. For additional reading on this topic, you can refer to the NIH’s Innate Immune System paper. Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.   Jump into the conversation: [00:00] MCAT Tutoring from MedSchoolCoach [00:34] Welcome to MCAT Basics [01:06] Topics covered in this episode [02:09] The goal of the innate immune system [04:57] The cells that make up the innate immune system [11:47] Anatomical barriers to the innate immune system [19:53] General inflammatory response of the innate immune system [42:49] Complement system [45:33] MCAT Advice of the day - take as much time as you need to study for the MCAT  
5/14/202448 minutes
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Separation and Purification Techniques

This episode of MCAT Basics covers several separation and purification techniques you may see on the MCAT. We’ll cover these techniques in three distinct categories: small molecules, proteins, and cells.  Within the small molecule category, we’ll discuss extraction, crystallization and recrystallization, and chromatography (TLC and HPLC). For proteins, we cover SDS-page, precipitation, soelectric focusing, and chromatography variations. Lastly, we’ll explain, within the world of cells, centrifugation, flow cytometry, and microfluidics.    Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.    Jump into the conversation: [00:00] MCAT Tutorig from MedSchoolCoach [00:34] Welcome to MCAT Basics [01:07] Topics covered in this episode [02:24] Techniques for small molecules - extraction, crystallization and recrystallization, and chromatography (TLC and HPLC) [28:24] Techniques for proteins - SDS-page, precipitation, isoelectric focusing, and chromatography variations [54:47] Techniques for cells - centrifugation, flow cytometry, and microfluidics.   
5/9/20241 hour, 4 minutes, 9 seconds
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Circuit Variables & Elements

This episode of MCAT Basics covers the world of circuits. We will explore electrical circuits and their fundamental principles. We’ll start with dissecting the essential parameters that form the backbone of circuits: voltage, current, resistance, and power. These are the building blocks upon which all circuit dynamics are based. Next, we'll explore a variety of circuit elements, from resistors to batteries, capacitors, and switches. Each of these components plays a vital role in shaping the behavior of circuits and understanding their functionality. Finally, we'll delve into Ohm’s Law and Kirchhoff’s Law, two fundamental principles that govern circuit behavior. By grasping these laws, you'll gain essential insights into how circuits operate and how to analyze their dynamics effectively. Visit MedSchoolCoach.com for more help with the MCAT.   Jump into the conversation: [00:00] MCAT Tutorig from MedSchoolCoach [00:34] Welcome to MCAT Basics [01:07] Topics covered in this episode [02:14] Circuit Variables - voltage, current resistance, power [22:59] Circuit Elements - resistors, sources of voltage, capacitors, and switches [44:28] Ohm's Law [45:24] Kirchhoff's Law  
5/7/20246 minutes, 51 seconds
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BONUS: Polyatomic Ions and Solubility Rules

This podcast covers the polyatomic ions to know and the solubility rules. Polyatomic ions start at 2:00 and solubility rules start at 6:00. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening! To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
4/13/202311 minutes, 10 seconds
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Kinetics and Solubility

This podcast covers chemical kinetics and solubility. First, I cover topics within kinetics including: general concept, collision theory, rate laws, and the Arrhenius equation. Then, I break down solubility. Topics in this segment include general concept, solubility product (Ksp), the common ion effect, selective precipitation, and Henry’s law. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening! To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
4/11/202351 minutes, 37 seconds
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Bonus Episode Interview: Should I Retake the MCAT?

Ken Tao, MedSchoolCoach’s Director of MCAT Tutoring, and Sahil Mehta, Founder and President of MedSchoolCoach, join the podcast to discuss retaking the MCAT. We discuss how to determine if you should retake the MCAT and ways to improve your score. AAMC MSAR: https://apps.aamc.org/msar-ui/#/landing MCAT and GPA Grid for Applicants and Acceptees to U.S. Medical Schools: https://www.aamc.org/download/321508/data/factstablea23.pdf Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Big thanks to Ken and Sahil for joining ProspectiveDoctor’s MCAT Basics! To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
4/6/202341 minutes
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The Eye: Physiology and Perception

This podcast covers the eye. First, I quickly cover the anatomy of the eye. Then, I break down rods, cones, and the phototransduction pathway. Last, I talk about perception. The topics here include: visual field processing, binocular vs monocular cues, and feature detection (including Magno and Parvo pathways). Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening! To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
4/4/202343 minutes, 1 second
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Immune System: Adaptive

This podcast covers the adaptive immune system. First, I introduce the cells that make up the adaptive immune system. Then, I break down the two branches of the adaptive immune system: 1) humoral immunity, 2) cell-mediated immunity. I end by recapping the whole immune system. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening! To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
3/30/202343 minutes, 13 seconds
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Immune System: Innate

This podcast covers the innate immune system. First, I introduce the cells that make up the innate immune system. Next, I discuss three important aspects of the innate immune system: 1) anatomical barriers, 2) general inflammatory response, 3) the complement system and describe their role within it. Innate Immune System Paper: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK26846/ Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening! To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
3/28/202347 minutes, 45 seconds
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Separation & Purification Techniques

This podcast covers several common separation and purification laboratory techniques that you may see on the MCAT. I have broken this subject down into three different categories: small molecules, proteins, and cells. Within the small molecule category, I cover: extraction, crystallization and recrystallization, and chromatography (TLC and HPLC). In the protein category, I cover: SDS-page, precipitation, isoelectric focusing, and chromatography (size-exclusion, affinity, and ion-exchange). Last, in the cell category, I briefly cover: centrifugation, flow cytometry, and microfluidics. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening! To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.   CORRECTION: When talking about liquid-liquid extractions, Sam says that when the pH of a solution is below the pKa of the solution it will be deprotonated and be negatively charged. This is incorrect. When the pH of a solution is below its pKa, it would be protonated and potentially positively charged. 
3/23/20231 hour, 3 minutes, 50 seconds
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Circuits

This podcast covers circuits in detail. First, I breakdown what I consider to be the most important circuit variables: voltage, current, resistance, and power. Then, I discuss circuit components, including resistors, batteries, capacitors, and switches. Last, I tell you what you need to know about Ohm’s Law and Kirchhoff’s Law. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening! To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
3/21/202348 minutes, 35 seconds
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DNA Replication and Central Dogma

This podcast covers DNA replication and central dogma. First, I breakdown DNA replication, discussing: conservative, semi-conservative, and dispersive replication, and the DNA replication mechanism. Then, I discuss transcription and translation, including: differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes, mechanisms, and cellular location. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening! To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
3/16/202351 minutes, 15 seconds
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Bonus Episode Interview: Kathryn Henshaw

I interview Kathryn, an MCAT tutor for Medschoolcoach. She runs the @thepremed Instagram page and was a top scorer on the MCAT. We talk about designing a study schedule, study habits, CARS, taking a gap year(s), and answer Q/A’s from Kathryn’s Instagram. For IG/Student Inquiries: [email protected] Instagram: @thepremed Thanks to Kathryn for joining me on the podcast! To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
3/14/202354 minutes, 41 seconds
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Thermodynamics

This podcast covers thermodynamics. First, I discuss the four laws of thermodynamics, as well as their application on the MCAT. Then, I break down enthalpy, Gibbs free energy, and entropy (briefly). Lastly, I cover the three types of heat transfer: conduction, convection, and radiation. CORRECTION: First Law of Thermodynamics is U =Q - W, I said 'U = Q + W'. For U = Q - W, W (work) is definied as work done BY the system on its surroundings.  Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
3/9/202341 minutes, 49 seconds
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Cell and Tissue Types

This podcast covers cell and tissue types. First, I discuss the difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. I further break down these categories and talk about the differences between animal, plant, fungi, protozoa, archaea, and bacterial cells. Next, I talk about each of the four main tissue types: epithelial, muscle, connective, and nervous. The bulk of this section covers epithelial tissue. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.  
3/7/202351 minutes, 19 seconds
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Renal Physiology

This podcast covers renal physiology. I start with a brief introduction to renal anatomy, then discuss in detail renal physiology. Next, I introduce three hormones (ADH, aldosterone, and ANP) that effect the kidneys and discuss their effects on the nephron. Lastly, I talk about measurements of renal function. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor. Thanks for listening!
3/2/202354 minutes, 28 seconds
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Psychosocial Development and Identity

This podcast covers identity and psychosocial development. First, I will define a few terms you may see on the MCAT regarding identity. Next, I will breakdown the following theories of identity development: Erickson’s psychosocial development theory, Freud’s theory of psychosexual development, Paiget’s development theory, Kohlberg’s moral development theory, George Herbert Mead’s the I and the me, Cooley’s looking glass self, and Vygotsky’s social development theory. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
2/28/202343 minutes, 24 seconds
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Functional Groups: Physical and Chemical Properties

This podcast covers the main functional groups you will see on the MCAT. First, I will cover different physical properties (boiling point and solubility) of compounds containing the 8 most common functional groups: alcohols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, and amides. I then mention the difference in reactivities of different carboxylic acid derivatives. Last, I’ll introduce a few less common functional groups that you may see on the MCAT. For comments and concerns email: [email protected] To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
2/23/202347 minutes, 50 seconds
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Electromagnetism

This podcast covers topics within electromagnetism. First, I will talk about charge and electric fields. This will include discussions on static charge, the amber effect, and electric potential. Then, I will introduce magnetism. I will discuss the concept of magnetism, force applied by a magnetic field, the right hand rule, and the magnetic characterization of different materials. *Corrections*: Electrostatic force is INVERSELY proportional to the distance between charges squared Amperes = Coulombs/Second I say that magnetic field lines travel in the same direction that Santa goes when he is done delivering presents. This assumes he lives on the South Pole. (i.e. he goes north to south when he is done delivering presents) To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
2/21/202351 minutes, 39 seconds
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BONUS: Cell Differentiation

This bonus episode briefly covers cell differentiation. What are the mechanisms of cell differentiation? How does a stem cell know what type of cell to differentiate into? Listen to find out. To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
2/16/202317 minutes, 58 seconds
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Psychology and Sociology Theories

This podcast covers the most important psych/soc theories on the MCAT. First, I will discuss social theories: functionalism, symbolic interactionism, conflict theory, social constructionism. Next, I will talk about theories of emotion: James-Lange, Cannon-Bard, Schachter-Singer, Lazarus. Last, I will discuss a few different theories of motivation including: Drive-Reduction, Incentive, Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, and more. To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
2/14/202355 minutes, 24 seconds
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The Reproductive System

This podcast covers a few topics within the reproductive system and development. I will discuss the following topics: spermatogenesis/oogenesis, the menstrual cycle, and development (from fertilization to birth).  To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.  
2/9/202342 minutes, 17 seconds
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Atomic Chemistry

This lecture covers basic quantum theory, quantum numbers, hybridization, types of bonds, and nuclear decay.  To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor. 
2/7/202349 minutes, 44 seconds
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Light and Optics

This lecture covers light and optics. It is a physics heavy podcast. I talk first about photons. This includes an introduction to the photoelectric effect and the work function. Next, I briefly talk about waves. Last, I discuss some of the physics applications of light: polarization, diffraction/reflection, and lenses. To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
2/2/202349 minutes, 12 seconds
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Learning and Memory

This lecture covers learning and memory. I will discuss: the different types of memory (short term, working, and long term), the structures in the brain related to memory, and learning. My discussion on learning will mostly focus on conditioning. I will talk about both operant conditioning and classical conditioning in detail. To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
1/31/202338 minutes, 18 seconds
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The Endocrine System

This lecture covers the endocrine system. I go over types of hormones and their function, describe different structures within the endocrine system, and briefly discuss a few endocrine system disorders. To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
1/26/202342 minutes, 42 seconds
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BONUS: HIV Cure?

This bonus episode covers the recent news regarding the 3rd patient ever cured of HIV - technically considered a sustained remission. I will discuss some background on HIV-1 necessary to understand how the cure works. Then, I will discuss the paper detailing the cure and talk about its implications. CORRECTION: HIV-1 Viruses can be dual tropic. Viruses that are dual tropic can use both coreceptors. To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
1/24/202319 minutes, 38 seconds
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Study Types and Research Design

This lecture covers study variables and types. I discuss different study variables: independent variable, dependent variable, correlation variable, confounding variable, odds ratio, and more. Next, I talk about different types of studies: experimental, observational, case-control, cross-sectional, cohort, and more. Lastly, I discuss different types of bias that influence the results of an experiment. To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
1/19/202353 minutes, 18 seconds
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Organic Chemistry Mechanisms to Know

This episode briefly covers the highest yield organic chemistry mechanisms and reactions on the MCAT. I will talk about: SN1/SN2, Carbonyl Addition/Substitution, Aldol Condensation, Oxidation/Reduction of Oxygen Containing Species, Fischer Esterification/Saponification, and E1/E2. To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
1/17/202317 minutes, 18 seconds
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Social Groups

This lecture covers social groups. I will discuss the different types of social groups, social networks, organizations, interactions within groups, and cultural groups (assimilation, integration, marginalization, and separation).  To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
1/12/202339 minutes, 17 seconds
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Genetics: Gene Expression

This podcast is the second in a series of lectures that cover genetics. This podcast is mainly focused on gene expression. I also cover patterns of inheritance and genetics laboratory techniques (PCR, qPCR, Blotting, etc.). To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
1/10/202356 minutes, 12 seconds
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Genetics: Chromosomes, Meiosis and Mitosis, and Inheritance Patterns

This podcast is the first in a series of lectures covering genetics. I cover the following topics: brief history of basic genetic principals, evolution, chromosomal theory (including mutations), mitosis and meiosis, and inheritance patterns. To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
1/5/202350 minutes, 12 seconds
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Enzyme Kinetics, Inhibition, and Categorization

This podcast covers enzyme kinetics, inhibition, and categorization. I will cover the different types of enzymes that are likely to show up on the MCAT. This includes a review of international categorization (oxioreductase, hydrolase, lyase, etc.) and biologically categorization (phosphorylase, synthase, synthetase, etc.) of enzymes. To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
1/3/202346 minutes, 58 seconds
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Biomolecule Structure, Naming, and Function

This lesson covers biomolecule structure, naming, and function. I talk about steroids, nucleotides and nucleosides, carbohydrates, fatty acids, and more.  To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
12/29/202245 minutes, 38 seconds
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Metabolism: Gluconeogenesis, Pentose Phosphate Pathway, and More

This lesson takes a further look into metabolism. It covers Gluconeogenesis, Glucose Homeostasis, the Pentose Phosphate Pathway, and Ketosis. To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
12/22/202228 minutes, 7 seconds
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Metabolism: Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, Electron Transport Chain

Metabolism- Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and the Electron Transport Chain This podcast covers glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and the electron transport chain. I cover each process in detail and cover what you should memorize. This is a very information-dense podcast.  To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
12/20/202246 minutes, 12 seconds
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Acids and Bases

This episode covers acids and bases. The following topics are covered: definitions, pH calculations, quick logarithm calculations, titrations, buffers, and the blood buffer system. Some of the material is very basic, but it is all-important for the MCAT. Correction:  A lewis acid is an electrophile - accepts e pair A lewis base is a nucleophile - donates an e pair (Thanks for the correction, David)   To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
12/15/202247 minutes, 5 seconds
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The Nervous System

This episode covers the Nervous System, a very important topic for the MCAT. The following topics are covered: brain structure, neurotransmitters, imaging techniques, cortex anatomy (with function), language centers, myelin producing cells, and more. Audio Sources: Tactus Therapy- https://tactustherapy.com/what-is-fluent-aphasia-video/ https://tactustherapy.com/brocas-aphasia-nonfluent-video/ To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.
12/13/202259 minutes, 28 seconds
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Amino Acids

In this episode, Sam Smith covers the broad topic of amino acids. Sam covers the following topics within the podcast: charge and net charge, substrate pocket binding, structure, hydrophobic hydrophilic, abbreviations, protein folding and protein stability, mutational notation. To learn more about how MedSchoolCoach can help you along your medical school journey, visit us at Prospective Doctor.  
12/8/202225 minutes, 34 seconds
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Gluconeogenesis

The MCAT Basics Podcast continues the series on Metabolism, and in today's episode, Alex Starks talks about gluconeogenesis. This episode covers the processes of gluconeogenesis, why it's important, the sources of noncarbohydrate precursors, and the amount of ATP used during gluconeogenesis. [01:38] The Process of Gluconeogenesis [04:10] Sources of Noncarbohydrate Material [07:55] The Key Steps in Gluconeogenesis [15:24] Hormonal Control of Gluconeogenesis [16:30] Gluconeogenesis and the Amount of ATP Used [18:02] Quiz and Important Takeaways Full show notes
2/2/202223 minutes, 17 seconds
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Highlight# 20 Stereotype Threat

This clip is from the social stratification podcast and covers stereotype threat. Enjoy!   Questions, comments, concerns? Email me: [email protected]   Want to be featured on an upcoming MCAT Basics episode? Send me a voice recording here
11/29/20216 minutes, 32 seconds
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Highlight #19 SDS Page

This clip is from the Separation and Purification Techniques podcast. Enjoy!   Questions, comments, concerns? Email me: [email protected]
11/22/202110 minutes, 5 seconds
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Highlight #18 Sleep Stages

This clip comes from the Sleep and Circadian Rhythms podcast and covers the sleep stages. Enjoy!   Comments, questions, or concerns? Email me: [email protected]
11/1/202113 minutes, 26 seconds
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Highlight #17 Experimental Validity, Specificity, & Sensitivity

This clip is from the Study Types and Research Design podcast. It covers validity, specificity, and sensitivity. Enjoy! For comments and concerns email me: [email protected]; [email protected]  
10/18/202111 minutes, 5 seconds
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Electron Transport Chain

This MCAT Basics Podcast continues its series on metabolism, and in today's episode, Alex Starks talks about the Electron Transport Chain and ATP synthesis. The story continues with a look at how electrons flow through complexes I,II,III, and IV, as well as how it is coupled to the synthesis of ATP. Everything you need to know about this stage of metabolism is made clear and easy to understand so you can ace any metabolism question on the AAMC MCAT Exam. [03:10] The Purpose of the Electron Transport Chain [07:24] What is NADH Dehydrogenase [11:32] Coenzyme Q in the Electron Transport Chain [18:31] Why Oxygen is Called the Terminal Electron Acceptor [20:33] The Proton Motive Force [27:10] The Effects of Breaking the Electron Transport Chain [30:14] DNP: The "Miracle Weight-Loss Drug" [34:30] Fatty Acid Metabolism [34:58] Quiz and Important Takeaways Full show notes
10/11/202138 minutes, 42 seconds
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The Krebs Cycle

The MCAT Basics Podcast continues its series on Metabolism, and in today's episode, Alex Starks talks about the Krebs cycle, also known as the TCA cycle and Citric Acid cycle. This episode examines the chemistry, biochemistry, and biology of pyruvate metabolism and details how this high-yield MCAT topic will be tested on the AAMC MCAT Exam.  [01:30] Aerobic fate of Pyruvate [03:45] Acetyl-coa in the mitochondrial matrix [04:22] Visualizing the molecules and structure [06:10] The Krebs Cycle [23:56] ATP and The Electron Transport Chain [26:07] Quiz and Important Takeaways Full show notes
10/4/202134 minutes, 42 seconds
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Highlight #16 Muscle Fiber Types

This clip is from the Muscle System podcast and reviews the different muscle fiber types.   Enjoy!
9/27/20219 minutes, 20 seconds
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Highlight #14 Reaction Rate Order

This MCAT Basics podcast is a short clip from the "Kinetics and Solubility" podcast. Enjoy! Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected]
8/23/202111 minutes, 4 seconds
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Glycolysis

The MCAT Basics Podcast begins a new series on Metabolism, and in today's episode, Alex Starks talks about Glycolysis. The series covers the chemistry, biochemistry, and biology of glucose metabolism and how this high-yield MCAT topic can be tested on the AAMC MCAT Exam. [00:55] Metabolism for the MCAT [05:20] Insulin-dependent Cells [06:25] Cellular-level Catalyzation of Glucose [09:57] Glycolysis Explained in 10 Steps [21:50] The Presence and Absence of Oxygen During Respiration [25:35] Quiz and Important Takeaways Full show notes
8/20/202132 minutes, 28 seconds
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Highlight #13 - The Mitochondria

This is a short clip from the Cell Organelles podcast. Enjoy!  
8/9/20217 minutes, 16 seconds
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Biosignaling

Alex Starks talks about the different strategies and details on biosignaling tested on the AAMC MCAT exam. He dissects topics such as G Protein Coupled Receptors, Receptor Tyrosine, Kinase, voltage-gated ion channels, and much more! [01:23] What is Biosignaling? [02:23] Voltage-Gated Ion Channels [05:34] Ligand-Gated Ion Channels [08:54] Enzyme-Linked Receptors  [13:30] The G-Protein Pathways  [15:06] The Mechanisms in the G-Protein Pathway [19:01] Quiz Section Full show notes
8/5/202126 minutes, 48 seconds
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Highlight#12 - Stereoisomers

This MCAT Basics podcast is a short segment from the "Isomers" podcast. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected]   Thanks for listening!
7/26/202116 minutes, 33 seconds
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Highlight #11 - Periodic Trends

This MCAT podcast is a short segment from the "Atomic Chemistry" podcast. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected]   Thanks for listening!
7/19/20217 minutes, 31 seconds
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Gas Phase

Alex Starks talks about Gas-Phase Concepts for the MCAT. He dissects the different gas properties, the ideal gas law and expounds on the ABCD laws of gases.  [01:03] Physical Properties of Gases [05:28] The Ideal Gas Law [08:26] Conditions that Promote Molecular Collisions in Gases [09:35] The ABCD laws of Gases [16:05] Important Takeaways Full show notes
7/13/202118 minutes, 10 seconds
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Highlight #9 - Transcriptional Control in Eukaryotes

This MCAT podcast is a short segment from the “Genetics: Gene Expression” podcast. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns:  [email protected]  Thanks for listening!
7/9/20219 minutes, 38 seconds
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Highlight #9 - Transcriptional Control in Eukaryotes

This MCAT podcast is a short segment from the “Genetics: Gene Expression” podcast. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns:  [email protected]  Thanks for listening!
7/5/20219 minutes, 38 seconds
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Highlight #27 - Spermatogenesis

This clip is from the upcoming MedSchoolCoach MCAT audio course and covers spermatogenesis. Enjoy! Comments, questions, concerns? Email us: [email protected]  [email protected]    
7/2/20215 minutes, 6 seconds
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The Lymphatic System

Episode 63 This MCAT podcast covers the lymphatic system. Sam and Alex first talk about the anatomy of the lymphatic system and then get into its three main functions: Returning materials and fluid to the blood Supporting the immune system Absorption of fats and fat-soluble nutrients Lastly, Alex talks about some exciting research that is going on to investigate the connection between the brain and the lymphatic system. Comments, questions, concerns? Email me: [email protected] MCAT Basics was created by Sam Smith
6/21/202135 minutes, 1 second
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Highlight # 26 - Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

This clip is from the upcoming MCAT audio course and covers Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. Enjoy! Questions, comments, concerns? Email me: [email protected]  
6/18/20216 minutes, 47 seconds
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Psychological Disorders

Episode 62 This MCAT podcast covers psychological disorders. First, I talk about what a psychological disorder is and how they are classified. Then, I breakdown several psychological disorders to know: Anxiety disorders Obsessive-compulsive disorder Trauma- and stressor-related disorders Somatic symptom and related disorders Bipolar and related disorders Depressive disorders Schizophrenia Dissociative disorders Personality disorders Lastly, I cover the biological basis of several nervous system disorders. Questions, comments, concerns? Email me: [email protected]  
6/7/202152 minutes, 27 seconds
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Highlight #25 - Calculating Oxidation State

This clip comes from the upcoming MCAT Audio Course that will be released in the coming months. It covers calculating oxidation state. Enjoy! Join me Wednesday May 26th on Twitter Spaces: @medschoolcoach Comments, questions, concerns? Email me: [email protected]  
5/21/20218 minutes, 21 seconds
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The Respiratory System

Episode 61 This MCAT podcast covers the respiratory system. First, I cover the anatomy of the respiratory system. Then, I dive into its main functions: Gas exchange (breathing mechanisms here too) Thermoregulation Particle filtration pH control Lastly I talk about how the respiratory system is controlled. Full show notes Comments, questions, concerns? Email me: [email protected]   The MCAT podcast survey is now closed
5/10/202147 minutes, 57 seconds
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BONUS: Thoughts From a Successful Reapplicant (me)

Dr. Erkeda DeRouen from the Prospective Doctor Podcast talks to me about being a reapplicant and what I did to improve my application in order to get an acceptance. [00:46] Introduction [02:22] Why Choose Medicine? [06:01] Sam’s First Round of Medical School Applications [14:09] How to Improve Your Med School Applications [26:00] Medical School Interviews During COVID-19 [32:13] Sam’s Advice for Med School Reapplicants The MCAT Podcast Survey is now closed
5/3/202136 minutes, 36 seconds
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Highlight #24 - Radioactive Decay

This highlight clip comes from my MCAT audio course that will be released (hopefully) soon. Stay on the lookout for it. We are aiming to have it out this summer. MCAT Podcast Survey is now closed  
4/23/20219 minutes, 34 seconds
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DNA Mutations and Repair

Episode 60 This MCAT podcast covers DNA mutations and repair. I cover the following topics: [02:10] Definition of DNA Mutation [02:40] Causes of DNA Mutation [12:00] How Mutagens Alter DNA [16:10] Inborn Errors of Metabolism [18:32] Categorizing Mutations [22:03] Where Mutations Occur [30:03] Chromosomal Mutations [32:25] Substitution Mutations [36:01] DNA Repair Mechanisms MCAT Podcast Survey is now closed Full show notes
4/12/202155 minutes, 29 seconds
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Highlight #23 - The 4 Laws of Thermodynamics

This highlight clip covers the 4 laws of thermodynamics: the zeroth law, the first law, the second law, and the third law. It is from the Thermodynamics podcast. Enjoy!    
4/9/202110 minutes, 59 seconds
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BONUS: Developing an MCAT Study Plan

Alex Starks joins Sam to talk about preparing for the MCAT. Alex is a very experienced tutor, having helped 400+ students in their test preparation. As a 99-percentile scorer, he shares his study tips and recommended resources for the MCAT. [01:25] Setting an MCAT test date [02:41] Creating an effective study plan [08:52] When should you start taking practice exams? [12:00] Practicing for the MCAT CARS portion [16:18] Alex’s recommended materials [18:53] When should you postpone or cancel your MCAT [20:08] Debunking or Confirming Reddit/SDN MCAT advice   Have an idea for a future show? Send me an email [email protected] or Leave me a message   Full show notes
3/29/202129 minutes, 7 seconds
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Highlight #22 - 3 Key Renal Regulatory Hormones

This clip is from the Renal System podcast and covers the key renal regulatory hormones: vasopressin, aldosterone, and atrial natriuretic peptide hormone. Enjoy! Enter the giveaway here  Questions, comments, concerns? Email me: [email protected]   Want to be featured on an upcoming MCAT Basics episode? Send me a voice recording here
3/26/202112 minutes, 21 seconds
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Social Institutions

Episode 59 This MCAT podcast covers social institutions. I define what a social institution is and then cover the 5 institutions to know: health and medicine, education, family, religion, and government. [01:43] Definition of a social institution [05:14] Health & Medicine [16:19] Education [25:26] Family [30:30] Religion [36:10] Government & Economy Enter the giveaway here Do you have ideas for a podcast topic or interview? Email me: [email protected] or Leave us a voice message
3/15/202145 minutes, 29 seconds
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Highlight #21 Wernicke's vs Broca's Area

This clip is from the Nervous System podcast and covers Wernicke's vs Broca's Area. Enjoy!   Questions, comments, concerns? Email me: [email protected]   Want to be featured on an upcoming MCAT Basics episode? Send me a voice recording here
3/5/20217 minutes, 17 seconds
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Aromatic Compounds

Episode 58 This MCAT podcast covers aromatic compounds. I cover the definition of aromatic compounds, how to determine if a compound is aromatic (Huckle's rule), and the properties of aromatic compounds. [02:12] Definition of an Aromatic Compound [04:09] Criteria for Aromaticity [06:06] How to Count Pi Electrons [07:48] Criteria for Antiaromaticity [09:58] Polycyclic and Heterocyclic Aromatic Compounds [12:10] Common Aromatic Compounds [15:02] Properties of Aromatic Compounds [20:23] Aromatic Rings in Biology Do you have ideas for a podcast topic or interview? Email me: [email protected] or Leave us a voice message  
2/24/202131 minutes, 15 seconds
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Aging

Episode 57   This MCAT podcast covers aging. I first focus on aging at the cellular level (telomeres and senescence) and then talk about aging and the brain. Then I tackle aging from a sociological perspective.   [01:25] Aging at the Cellular Level [05:26] The Hayflick Limit [07:34] Telomere Shortening [09:53] Cell Senescence [11:09] Aging in the Brain [18:03] The Life Course Perspective [24:00] Social Significance of Aging [26:11] Demographic Structure of Society   Comments or Concerns? Email me: [email protected]   Want to be featured on an upcoming MCAT Basics episode? Send me a voice recording here   Thanks for listening!
2/8/202131 minutes, 34 seconds
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BONUS: Interventional Radiology Virtual Shadowing with Dr. Sahil Mehta

Can't get into a hospital or doctors office to shadow? Want a new podcast to listen to? We have the solution for you: Virtual Physician Shadowing.    Virtual Physician Shadowing is a new podcast by MedSchoolCoach that features the audio from the Virtual Shadowing video series. In it, physicians from many different medical specialties present patient cases and discuss their motivations for pursuing a career in medicine.   To receive credit for the virtual shadowing experience and/or watch the videos associated with each podcast visit the Online Virtual Shadowing Platform   Virtual Shadowing Podcast
2/1/202140 minutes, 44 seconds
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Personality

Episode 56 This MCAT Basics podcast covers two aspects of personality: 1. Personality theories  [05:18] Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality [07:50] The Humanistic Theory on Personality [09:37] The Trait Theory [11:30] Social Cognitive Theory [13:37] Biological Perspective of Personality [15:25] The Behaviorist Theory of Personality 2. Personality disorders [17:14] Odd or Eccentric Personality Disorders (cluster A) [21:55] Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic Behaviors (cluster B) [23:45] Anxious and Fearful Behavior (cluster C)   Want more psychology videos? Check out: medcircle.com Offer Code: MCAT50 for 50% off a month for one year at Medcircle   Full show notes   For comments and concerns please email me: [email protected]
1/18/202132 minutes, 10 seconds
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Molecular Structure and Absorption Spectra

Episode 55 This MCAT podcast covers molecular structure and absorption spectra. I discuss 4 different analytical techniques: IR Spectroscopy UV-Vis Spectroscopy Mass Spectroscopy NMR Spectroscopy For comments and concerns, email me: [email protected] Want to be featured on an upcoming MCAT Basics episode? Send me a voice recording here Thanks for listening!
1/5/202136 minutes, 57 seconds
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BONUS: 5 Tips for Clinical Rotations

In this bonus episode, Chase DiMarco joins to discuss clinical rotations that occur during the 3rd and 4th years of medical school (for most programs). Hear 5 tips for clinical rotations from the experts, audio from Chase's podcast The 1-Minute Preceptor Podcast is tied in throughout the episode. [4:12] What are clinical rotations? [14:02] #1. Be Proactive (Dr. Ted O'Connell) [18:22] #2. Be Inclusive and Avoid Your Own Bias (Dr. Nicole Washington) [21:37] #3. Be a Team Player (Dr. Andrew Tisser) [24:03] #4. Set Goals and Have a Vision for your Education (Dr. Elsie Koh) [30:47] #5. Focus on the Patient (Dr. Jack Ende)   For comments and concerns email me: [email protected] The 1-Minute Preceptor Podcast
12/28/202035 minutes, 37 seconds
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The Doppler Effect

Episode 54 This MCAT podcast covers the doppler effect. Sam discusses the the general concept of the doppler effect and the equation that describes it.   [00:32] Introduction [01:40] The Doppler Effect Concept [09:05] The Doppler Effect Equation   If you have any comments or concerns please email me: [email protected]   Thanks for listening!
12/7/202013 minutes, 34 seconds
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Viruses

Episode 53 This MCAT podcast covers viruses. I cover virus structure, viral life cycle, transduction vs transfection, classification, viral mutation, and subviral particles. [01:17] Definition of a Virus [02:14] Virus Structure [11:15] Viral Life Cycle [18:02] Bacteriophage Life Cycles [21:41] Retrovirus Life Cycle [25:36] Difference Between Virus Transduction and Transfection [28:17] Virus Classification [33:33] Virus Mutation [41:52] Subviral Particles For comments and concerns, email me: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
11/23/202045 minutes, 58 seconds
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BONUS: Transitioning to Med School with Madhavi Murali

Madhavi Murali discusses transitioning to medical school, resources for studying, and how students can prepare for medical school and the Step 1 exam.   [00:44] Madhavi’s Academic Background and the BA/MD Program [03:41] Things Madhavi Learned When Transitioning from BA to MD [05:12] Resources for Developing Study Strategies [06:09] Using Anki to Study for Med School [06:51] Step Exam Going Pass/Fail [09:35] Difficult Courses and Study Strategies [11:11] The Transition from Undergrad to Medical School [13:09] Maintaining Hobbies in Medical School [14:58] The Effect of The Pandemic on Med School Students and Clinical Rotations [17:35] Useful Resources for Students [20:09] Advice for Students Applying to Medical School [24:57] Preparing for Step 1 [27:33] Recommendations for Struggling Med School Students [28:45] The Focus of a Tutoring Session with Madhavi   For comments and concerns please email me: [email protected]   Thanks for listening!
11/16/202033 minutes, 40 seconds
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Work and Energy

Episode 52 This MCAT podcast covers work and energy. I cover the mathematical and conceptual definitions of work, the sign convention of work, mechanical advantage and path dependency. In terms of energy, I discuss the general definition of energy, energy vs. work, the different types of energy, and heat transfer.   [01:43] Work [06:28] Units of Work [07:18] Sign Conventions of Work [11:42] Work Kinetic Energy Theorem [15:38] Path Dependent vs Path Independent Work [18:29] Mechanical Advantage [21:08] The Efficiency of a Machine [23:17] Work and Power [24:25] Work and Energy [29:10] Types of Heat Transfer Detailed show notes For comments and concerns, please email [email protected]   Thanks for listening!
11/2/202035 minutes, 43 seconds
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BONUS: The Osteopathic Experience with Luke Maxfield, DO

Dr. Luke Maxfield joins The MCAT Basics Podcast to discuss his experience in Osteopathic medicine. He graduated from Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine and is currently a dermatology resident.  Dr. Maxfield talks about the differences and similarities between an MD (allopathic medicine) and a DO (osteopathic medicine), why someone should choose a DO program, the implications of the USMLE Step 1 exam going pass/fail, and more!  
10/26/202037 minutes, 52 seconds
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Fat and Protein Metabolism

Episode 51 This MCAT podcast covers fat and protein metabolism. First, I cover fat metabolism including lipolysis, beta oxidation, and fatty acid synthesis. Then, I discuss protein and amino acid metabolism. [01:32] Fatty Acid Catabolism [08:02] Lipolysis [10:12] Beta Oxidation [21:34] Fatty Acid Synthesis [26:34] Protein Catabolism [32:49] Protein Anabolism Ketogenic and glucogenic amino acid diagram Please email me if you have comments or concerns: [email protected]   Enjoy!
10/4/202039 minutes, 6 seconds
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Social Norms & Deviance

Episode 50 This MCAT podcast covers social norms and deviance. I discuss the types of formal and informal norms, different theories for why deviance occurs, as well as types of collective deviance.   [02:09] Defining Social Norms & Deviance [04:32] Formal Versus Informal Norms [04:49] Informal Norms: Folkways, Mores & Taboos [09:50] How Informal Norms Intersect with the Law [12:39] Anomie [14:51] Theories & Perspectives on Deviance [27:24] Collective Behavior & Collective Deviance   For any comments and/or concerns please email me: [email protected] Thanks for listening! http://merch.medschoolcoach.com/ Code: PODCAST5 Facebook live stream: https://go.medschoolcoach.com/podcast
9/21/202034 minutes
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Population Genetics

Episode 49 This MCAT podcast covers population genetics. I discuss genotypes and phenotypes, inheritance patterns, and the Hardy-Weinberg equation. In addition, I talk about the four ways that a population’s genetics can change over time i.e. natural selection, mutation, genetic drift and gene flow. [01:09] The Difference Between Population Genetics and Molecular Genetics [01:54] Defining Genotypes and Phenotypes [06:24] The Six Inheritance Patterns [13:27] The Hardy-Weinberg Equation [26:17] Natural Selection [32:22] Mutation [36:47] Genetic Drift [40:04] Gene Flow   For any comments and/or concerns please email me: [email protected] Thanks for listening! http://merch.medschoolcoach.com/ Code: PODCAST5 Facebook live stream: https://go.medschoolcoach.com/podcast
9/7/202046 minutes, 59 seconds
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BONUS: Evidence Based Study Methods with Chase DiMarco

Chase and Sam discuss various study tips, habits, and evidence-based methods to help students succeed on the MCAT and in medical school. [01:03] How To Memorize A Million Things [02:26] The Spacing Effect and Rehearsal Effect [06:02] Overcoming the “Forgetting Curve” [08:03] Elaborative Interrogation [10:06] Anki: Using Pre-Existing Study Materials verses Creating Your Own [13:08] Memory Palace and Visual Mnemonics [18:29] Memorizing Mistakes and Avoiding Passive Memory Techniques [20:30] The effects of sleep, exercise and diet on learning [23:35] Evidence Based Study Techniques in Education Chase DiMarco is an MD-PhD candidate he hosts several podcasts and has written a book called, Read This Before Medical School.  The Medical Mnemonist Podcast The 1-Minute Preceptor Podcast Read This Before Medical School Sign up for a Free Coaching session with Chase DiMarco Join the Med Mnemonist Mastermind FB Group For comments and concerns please email me: [email protected] Thanks for listening!  http://merch.medschoolcoach.com/ Code: PODCAST5
8/31/202031 minutes, 50 seconds
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Common Hormone Axes

Episode 48 This MCAT Basics podcast covers three common hormone axes. I break down the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, and the renin angiotensin-aldosterone System (RAAS) axis. I explain the anatomy of the regions, organs, and hormones involved, and detail the physiology within each axis. [01:27] Defining a Hormone Axis [02:18] The HPA Axis [02:33] The Anatomy of the Hypothalamus [03:46] The Anatomy of the Pituitary Gland [05:16] The Anatomy of the Adrenal Glands [06:50] The Physiology of the HPA Axis [16:06] The HPG Axis [16:38] The Anatomy of the Gonads [19:21] The Physiology of the HPG Axis [26:27] The Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
8/24/202037 minutes, 17 seconds
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BONUS: Dr. Shannon Sovndal Interview

Dr. Shannon Sovndal, an emergency medicine specialist, discusses his medical journey, career experiences and advice for pre-med and medical students. [0:36] Dr. Sovndal’s Background and Accomplishments [01:18] Recurring Patients in an ER [02:25] The Influence of Personality on Choosing Emergency Medicine [04:18] Dr. Sovndal’s Journey into Medicine [11:21] Economics & Emergency Medicine [14:34] Burnout & Work-Life Balance [19:23] A Week in the Life of Dr Sovndal Are you a younger physician, pre-med student or medical student looking for more advice on navigating your career, emotionally, mentally and financially? Do take a look at the resources below: Fragile: Beauty in Chaos, Grace in Tragedy and the Hope That Lives in Between by Dr. Shannon Sovndal Match on a Fire: Medicine and More Podcast with Dr Shannon Sovndal Dr Shannon Sovndal’s Website EMCrit Podcast   Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected]   Thanks for listening!
8/10/202027 minutes, 32 seconds
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The Excretory System

Episode 47 I break down information about the excretory system that will be useful for the MCAT. He first compares the functions of the excretory system versus the digestive and urinary systems. Then, he describes the anatomy of the excretory system. Finally, he details the physiology of the excretory system in terms of its various waste products. [01:14] The Role of the Excretory System [03:32] The Kidney [06:00] The Bladder [07:17] The Liver [10:54] The Skin [12:35] The Lungs [13:38] The Large Intestine [17:21] Excreting Byproducts of Protein & Lipid Breakdown [25:25] Excreting CO2 [26:26] Excreting Electrolytes [29:31] Excreting Toxins in Drugs Here are the episodes on renal physiology and the digestive system for those who want to dive deeper.  Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
7/27/202032 minutes, 29 seconds
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Sleep and Circadian Rhythms

Episode 46 This MCAT podcast covers sleep and circadian rhythms. First, I cover biology and physiology topics regarding sleep and circadian including the parts of the brain involved in sleep, the stages of sleep, and circadian rhythms. Then, I discuss psychology related sleep topics including sleep and dream theories, sleep disorders, and the effect of drugs on sleep. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
7/13/202045 minutes, 6 seconds
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REPOST: The Endocrine System

This lecture covers the endocrine system. I go over types of hormones and their function, describe different structures within the endocrine system, and briefly discuss a few endocrine system disorders.
7/6/202042 minutes, 13 seconds
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Highlight #10 - T Cells

This MCAT podcast is a short segment from the “Immune System - Adaptive” podcast. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
6/26/20209 minutes, 27 seconds
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The Digestive System

Episode 45 This MCAT podcast covers the digestive system. First, I talk generally about what the digestive system is and does. Then, I break down some digestive system anatomy and physiology (mostly physiology). Last, I briefly mention how digestion is regulated. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
6/15/202050 minutes, 27 seconds
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Electrochemistry

Episode 44 This MCAT podcast covers electrochemistry. First, I give an intro to electrochemical cells where I talk about galvanic vs electrolytic cells, concentration cells, the structure of an electrochemical cell, reduction/oxidation, directionality of electron flow, and a mnemonic I use to keep it all straight. Next, I talk about some thermochemistry regarding electrochemical cells, like Gibbs free energy and the nerds equation (as it applies to a concentration cell). Last, I discuss several applications of electrochemistry including electroplating. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
6/1/202048 minutes, 18 seconds
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Highlight #8 - Erikson’s 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development

This MCAT podcast is a short segment from the “Psychosocial Development and Identity” podcast. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
5/29/202010 minutes, 44 seconds
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Biological Membranes

Episode 43 This MCAT podcast covers membranes. First, I discuss a few introductory topics regarding membranes: what they are, how they are formed, membranes in the cell, and cell to cell junctions. Second, I talk about transport through the membrane, including simple diffusion, active vs passive transport, and transport membrane proteins. Next, I talk about membrane proteins (receptors, transporters, integral vs peripheral vs lipid anchored). Last, I discuss membrane dynamics (endocytosis, transmembrane system) and membrane potential. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
5/18/202046 minutes
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Highlight #7 - The Three Germ Layers

This MCAT podcast is a short segment from the “The Reproductive System” podcast. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
5/15/20203 minutes, 32 seconds
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Highlight #6 - Meiosis

This MCAT podcast is a short segment from the “Genetics- Chromosomes, Meiosis and Mitosis, and Inheritance Patterns” podcast. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
5/8/20209 minutes, 25 seconds
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ATP

Episode 42 This MCAT podcast covers adenosine triphosphate (ATP). I discuss: 1) ATP's structure, 2) its thermodynamics and how it drives other biological reactions, 3) its production and regeneration, and 4) its function (including its role in the Na+/K+ pump, protein phosphorylation, and ATP binding cassette transporters). Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
5/4/202047 minutes, 38 seconds
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Highlight #5 - pH Calculations

This MCAT podcast is a short segment from the “Acids and Bases” podcast. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
5/1/202013 minutes, 56 seconds
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Bonus Episode: Coronavirus Vaccine Interview

In this bonus episode I interview Olubukola (Olu) Abiona, a research fellow in the Vaccine Research Center at the National Institutes of Health. She is a member of the team that produced the first coronavirus vaccine in the US. In addition to the interview, I review some basic coronavirus virology. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
4/27/202035 minutes
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Highlight #4 - Acid and Base Definitions

This MCAT podcast is a short segment from the “Acids and Bases” podcast. It covers the various definitions of acids and bases, including strong vs weak acids and bases. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
4/24/20209 minutes, 49 seconds
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Highlight #3 - Enzyme Types

This MCAT podcast is a short segment from the “Enzyme Kinetics, Inhibition, and Categorization” podcast. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
4/17/202012 minutes, 9 seconds
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Intelligence

Episode 41 This MCAT podcast covers intelligence. First, I discuss several theories of intelligence including entity vs incremental theory, general intelligence theory, two factor theory, multiple intelligences theory, triarchic theory, CHC theory, and biological theories. Next, I talk about hereditary factors of intelligence (nature vs nurture). Last, I discuss how intelligence is measured. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
4/13/202034 minutes, 50 seconds
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Highlight #2 - Neurological Disorders

This MCAT podcast is a short segment from the “The Nervous System” podcast. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
4/10/202013 minutes, 18 seconds
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Highlight #1 - Amino Acid Mutations

This MCAT podcast is a short segment from the “Amino Acids” podcast. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
4/3/202012 minutes, 48 seconds
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Redox

Episode 40 This MCAT podcast covers Redox. First, I discuss the concept of a redox reaction. I go over oxidizing and reducing agents, what makes a compound a good (or bad) oxidizing agent, oxidation state of molecules/functional groups, common organic chemistry redox reagents, and redox in biology. Then, I discuss numerical (general chemistry) concepts related to redox. This includes determining oxidation number and electrochemical cells. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
3/30/202046 minutes, 23 seconds
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Sound and Hearing

Episode 39 This MCAT podcast covers sound and hearing physiology. First, I discuss sound-related topics like sound waves, pitch, ultrasound, and the decibel system. Then, I briefly discuss the anatomy and physiology of the ear. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
3/16/202029 minutes, 54 seconds
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Fluids

Episode 38 This MCAT podcast covers fluid statics (fluids standing still). First, I talk about different fluid properties including surface tension, vapor pressure, adsorption and absorption, adhesion and cohesion, and Henry's law. Second, I discuss a few important fluids statics concepts: static fluid pressure, Pascal's law, gauge pressure vs absolute pressure, osmotic pressure, and buoyancy. For some fluid dynamics (moving fluids) skip to the 43:00 mark in the cardiovascular system + fluids podcast. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
3/2/202054 minutes, 24 seconds
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Muscular System

Episode 37 This MCAT podcast covers the muscular system. First, I cover the differences and similarities between the three types of muscle (smooth, cardiac, skeletal). Then, I talk about the basic structure of a skeletal muscle cell and the many organelles that are unique to this cell type including the sarcolemma, sarcoplasm, myofibrils, sarcomeres, and more. Next, I discuss three main differences between type I and type II muscle fibers. Last, I delve into muscle contraction, starting at the neuromuscular junction and ending in the shortening of sarcomeres (the cause of muscle flexion). Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
2/17/202035 minutes, 57 seconds
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Social Stratification

Episode 36 This MCAT podcast covers social stratification. First, I define and give examples of many of the terms you may see regarding social stratification and inequality, including: prejudice, discrimination, stereotype, stereotype threat, status (ascribed vs achieved), power (6 different types to know), social capital (and the other forms of capital), gentrification, and poverty. Then, I talk about social class. Last, I briefly mention the social gradient in healthcare. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening
2/3/202040 minutes, 54 seconds
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Classic Psychology Experiments

Episode 35 This podcast covers the classic psychology experiments to know for the MCAT. I discuss in detail the following experiments: * Pavlov’s Dog- 2:00 * Harlow Monkey Study- 6:55 * Albert’s Bobo Doll Experiment- 11:15 * Skinner Box Experiment- 14:45 * Asch Conformity (Line) Experiment- 22:30 * Milgram Experiment- 26:30 * Watson’s Little Albert Experiment- 35:05 * Sherif Robbers Cave Study- 38:00 * Seligman Learned Helplessness Dog Study- 42:05 * Rapid Fire Cases (Zimbardo, Kitty Genovese, Phineas Gage )- 45:05 Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
1/20/202050 minutes, 51 seconds
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The Cell Cycle

Episode 34 This MCAT podcast covers the cell cycle. First, I cover the different phases of the cell cycle: Interphase (G1, S, G2) and the M phase (mitosis). Then, I talk about how the cell cycle is regulated and the cell cycle checkpoints. Last, I briefly mention how cell cycle dysfunction applies to disease - specifically cancer. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
1/6/202034 minutes, 8 seconds
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Isomers

Episode 33 This episode reviews three common types of isomers that you are likely to see on the MCAT: 1) structural isomers, 2) geometric isomers, and 3) stereoisomers. I define each type of isomer, give a common example, and discuss applications that you may see. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
12/16/201933 minutes, 24 seconds
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BONUS: The Gut Microbiome

This bonus episode briefly covers the gut microbiome. I talk about what the gut microbiome is, what it does, and how our understanding of it can be applied to health. The gut microbiome and TMAO paper: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3086762/ Fiber gap paper: https://www.cell.com/trends/endocrinology-metabolism/fulltext/S1043-27601600035-7 Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
12/2/201933 minutes, 5 seconds
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Emotion and Motivation

Episode 32 This podcast covers motivation and emotion. First, I cover motivation, discussing the following topics: intrinsic vs extrinsic motivation, theories of motivation (evolutionary, arousal, drive-reduction, incentive, three needs, and Maslow’s hierarchy) and harmful behaviors (addiction) and motivation. Next, I talk about the following topics within emotion: the 3 components of emotion, emotion and the brain, theories of emotion (evolutionary, James-Lange, Cannon-Bard, Schachter-Singer, Lazarus, and facial feedback), emotion and culture, and emotional disorders. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
11/25/201958 minutes, 25 seconds
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Cardiovascular System + Fluids

Episode 31 This podcast covers the cardiovascular system and a bit of fluid mechanics. First, I cover cardiovascular anatomy. Then, I talk about the following topics regarding the heart: function, contraction, cell types in the heart, and its role in regulation of blood pressure. Lastly (44:00 min-1hr), I tie in a few fluid mechanics topics that are high yield on the MCAT and apply to the cardiovascular system, including: total peripheral resistance, viscosity, the continuity equation, and the Bernoulli equation. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
11/4/20191 hour, 2 minutes, 35 seconds
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BONUS: CARS Interview

In this podcast I talk to Katelyn Sawyer, the MCAT Content Manager for Medschoolcoach. We discuss the following topics: 1) what CARS is (and isn’t), 2) how to study for CARS, and 3) the best study resources for CARS. Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Huge thanks to Katelyn for joining the podcast!
10/21/201928 minutes, 26 seconds
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Translational Motion

Episode 30 This podcast covers translation motion. First, I cover vectors. Then, I talk about position, velocity, and acceleration. The link for the example I work through in this segment is below. Last, I talk about free fall and projectile motion.
 Example Link:https://www.geogebra.org/m/pdNj3DgD Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
10/14/201951 minutes, 59 seconds
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Cell Organelles

Episode 29 This podcast covers the cell organelles. I break these down into five categories, organelles within: 1) all cells, 2) eukaryotic cells, 3) plant and bacterial cells, 4) human and bacterial cells, 5) human cells only, 6) plant cells only. In all, I cover the following organelles: ribosomes, vacuoles, cytoskeleton, plasma membrane, peroxisome proteasome, nucleus, nucleolus, ER (smooth and rough), Golgi apparatus, lysosome, cell wall, flagella, mitochondria, melanosome, flagella, and chloroplasts.
 Please email me if you have any comments or concerns: [email protected] Thanks for listening!
9/30/201958 minutes, 35 seconds