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Grey History: The French Revolution & Napoleon

English, History, 1 season, 88 episodes, 3 days, 9 hours, 30 minutes
About
History isn't black and white, yet too often it's presented as such. Grey History is a podcast dedicated to retelling the French Revolution in a way that highlights differing opinions, experiences, and conclusions. Why? Because it's in the grey that history has its beauty, its intrigue, and most importantly its lessons. Support the show today: https://www.patreon.com/greyhistory
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Episode Swap - Pax Britannica

Pax Britannica is one of my favourite history podcasts. If you're looking for a great series on the English Civil Wars (and the British Empire more broadly), look no further!This episode swap features the trial of King Charles I. There's plenty of similarities and differences between this trial and that of Louis', so please enjoy!You can find Pax Britannica on all podcasting platforms.https://paxbritannica.info/EARLY ACCESSListen to Episode 1.58 "The Faction Menace" now!SUPPORT GREY HISTORY! Sponsor Grey History and access exclusive bonus episodes, an ad-free feed, and many more fantastic perks. Help do your part to keep the show on the air!JOIN PATREON HERE
9/3/202334 minutes, 37 seconds
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1.57 The Institutions of Terror

With the French Revolution engulfed in crises, the deputies of the Convention (eventually) took action. New measures were introduced to crush the counter-revolution, measures which would become the hallmarks of the coming Reign of Terror. This episode explores the introduction of Representatives on Mission and the contentious re-establishment of the Revolutionary Tribunal. It examines the actions taken against foreigners, priests, and former nobles, as well as the formalisation of Surveillance Committees. Finally, we introduce the famous Committee of Public Safety, completing our introduction of the institutions of terror.Episode ExtraDanton Asks For Terror... and Good GovernmentHear the mighty Danton argue for a dramatic reorganisation of the executive branch. As always, thank you for your sponsorship of Grey History EARLY ACCESSListen to Episode 1.58 "The Faction Menace" now!SUPPORT GREY HISTORY! Sponsor Grey History and access exclusive bonus episodes, an ad-free feed, and many more fantastic perks. Help do your part to keep the show on the air!JOIN PATREON HEREOther:Send your questions, praise, and scorn hereSign Up for the Newsletter (Free Bonus Episode)FacebookInstagramTwitter
8/22/20231 hour, 4 minutes, 48 seconds
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Special Episode - Burke, Paine, & British Reactions to French Revolution

Bastille Day Special! How did the British react to the outbreak of the French Revolution? Why is Edmund Burke considered a founding father of political conservatism? What did Thomas Paine say to cause his trial for seditious libel? These are just some of the questions explored in this special episode of Grey History created for The History of England podcast.Happy Bastille Day!BONUS CONTENTBastille Day Special - Behind The Scenes VideoSUPPORT GREY HISTORY! Sponser Grey History and access exclusive bonus episodes, an ad-free feed, and many more fantastic perks. Help do your part ot keep the show on the air!JOIN PATREON HEREOther:Send your questions, praise, and scorn hereSign Up for the Newsletter (Free Bonus Episode)FacebookInstagramTwitter
7/13/20231 hour, 5 minutes, 21 seconds
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1.56 Fasting and Furious

Multiple crises radicalise the sans-culottes of the capital, and a new ultra-radical movement emerges on the revolutionary left. Those associated with the Enragés rise to challenge the National Convention, as well as the Girondins and Jacobins who dominate it.Episode ExtraThe Red PriestUnpack the past of Jacques Roux, the most iconic leader of the Enragés. Compare how Roux and those like him differ to previous sans-culottes leaders who originated from wealthier origins. EARLY ACCESSBastille Day Special - Burke, Paine, and British Reactions to the French RevolutionSUPPORT GREY HISTORY! Sponser Grey History and access exclusive bonus episodes, an ad-free feed, and many more fantastic perks. Help do your part ot keep the show on the air!JOIN PATREON HEREOther:Send your questions, praise, and scorn hereSign Up for the Newsletter (Free Bonus Episode)FacebookInstagramTwitter
7/8/20231 hour, 2 minutes, 31 seconds
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1.55 Civil War in the Vendée

The revolutionaries are confronted with a new challenge in the west. Recruitment riots grip the nation, and in a region known as the Vendée, these disturbances fast became organised resistance. By June 1793, civil war consumed western France, and large swaths of the countryside were controlled by the Royal and Catholic Army. In this episode, we explore why the Vendée was the first region to revolt against the National Convention, the unique characteristics of the civil war, and multiple debates which bitterly divide historians.Episode ExtraHills, Hedges, and Humble ClericsIn the Episode Extra for this episode, we unpack why the topography of the Vendée was so beneficial to the defending insurrectionists. We also hear from a contemporary on the role of religion in the civil war.EARLY ACCESSEpisode 56 "Fasting and Furious"SUPPORT GREY HISTORY! Sponser Grey History and access exclusive bonus episodes, an ad-free feed, and many more fantastic perks. Help do your part ot keep the show on the air!JOIN PATREON HEREOther:Send your questions, praise, and scorn hereSign Up for the Newsletter (Free Bonus Episode)FacebookInstagramTwitter
6/21/20231 hour, 4 minutes, 45 seconds
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1.54 Its Treason Then!

The war expands and disaster strikes. This episode explores the entry of England and Holland into the revolutionary war, as well as the French invasion of the Dutch Republic in February 1793. As Belgium begins to break, the Austrians and the Prussians unleash a devastating counter-attack, crippling the French military and causing chaos behind the lines. In the resulting disarray, General Dumouriez goes rogue. The consequences of his actions have a direct impact on the Reign of Terror.Episode Extra:Dutch Exiles and Dumouriez's CommissionersEARLY ACCESSEpisode 55 "Civil War in the Vendee"SUPPORT GREY HISTORY! Sponser Grey History and access exclusive bonus episodes, an ad-free feed, and many more fantastic perks. Help do your part ot keep the show on the air!JOIN PATREON HEREOther:Send your questions, praise, and scorn hereSign Up for the Newsletter (Free Bonus Episode)FacebookInstagramTwitter
6/7/20231 hour, 15 minutes, 2 seconds
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Joint Episode - French Intervention in the American Revolutionary War

Why did the French get involved in the American Revolutionary War? How did the French help the Americans? Why did relations deteriorate between the two nations in the subsequent years? All these questions and more are explored in this special joint episode with Mike Troy of the American Revolution podcast!Join Mike and me as we unpack the French intervention and the evolution of French-American relations after the conflict ended. This collaboration episode is only possible thanks to the support of the Patreon community. Thank you so much for your support of the show!Patreon:Support Grey History and access exclusive bonus episodes, an ad-free feed, and many more fantastic perks. Help do your part to keep the show on the air!JOIN HEREOther:Send your questions, praise, and scorn hereSign Up for the NewsletterFacebookInstagramTwitter
5/7/202355 minutes, 14 seconds
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Hospitalisation, Dengue Fever, and Delay

I have been very ill with a severe case of Dengue Fever. Although I am now out of the hospital, I have not been able to return to the podcast as quickly as I had hoped. Please bear with me while I recover!Episode 54 “It’s Treason Then!” is now available to all patrons, and will be released on the public feed as soon as possible. All patrons also have access to my recent collaboration with the American Revolution Podcast focused on French Intervention in the American Revolutionary War. Episode 55 “Civil War in the Vendée” is fully written and will be released for patrons with early access as soon as possible. Thank you so much for your sponsorship of the show and the messages of support!Patreon:Support Grey History and access exclusive bonus episodes, an ad-free feed, and many more fantastic perks. Help do your part to keep the show on the air!JOIN HEREOther:Send your questions, praise, and scorn hereSign Up for the NewsletterFacebookInstagramTwitter
4/24/20234 minutes, 21 seconds
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1.53 The Advance of France

The crusade for universal liberty runs into problems. While some occupied territories demand annexation, others resist the encroachment on their traditional rights and privileges. To make matters worse, factionalism cripples the Executive council, while tensions rise between the National Convention and General Dumouriez. With division impacting both the government and the army, what could possibly go wrong?Episode 54 "It's Treason Then!" is now available for patrons with early access! LISTEN HEREEpisode Extras:Belgian Politics & Dumouriez's PredicamentPatreon:Support Grey History and access exclusive bonus episodes, an ad-free feed, and many more fantastic perks. Help do your part ot keep the show on the air!JOIN HEREOther:Send your questions, praise, and scorn hereSign Up for the NewsletterFacebookInstagramTwitter
4/4/20231 hour, 19 minutes, 47 seconds
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1.52 The Corsican Revolution & Milestone Celebration

It's time to celebrate! As a thank you to everyone who has been helping spread the word about Grey History, the first bonus episode on the Corsican Revolution is temporarily available to everyone who signs up for the Grey History newsletter!Just provide your e-mail below and I'll send through the full-length bonus episode! immediately!SIGN UP HERE FOR CORSICAN REVOLUTIONEpisode 52 "The Corsican Revolution Part II" is now available to all patrons of the show! Episode 53 "The Advance of France" is also available to all patrons with early access right now!EARLY ACCESS TO "1.53 THE ADVANCE OF FRANCE"Not a member of the Grey History community? Enjoy all the perks and privileges for as little as $2 per future main episode. For the price of half a cup of coffee, you can listen to hours of exclusive Grey History and do your part to keep the podcast going! Join today!JOIN THE PATREON COMMUNITY HERE
3/19/20234 minutes, 52 seconds
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1.51 Questions & Answers Part II

The questions continue! In the second and final Q&A episode, we’ll be covering why the French revolutionaries didn’t take more inspiration from the American constitution. We'll also explore ways a more moderate revolution could have been successfully established, as well as discuss how support for the revolution changed over time. Finally, we'll unpack financial questions relating to the new regime, as well as select actors for a hypothetical French Revolution tv series.Support Grey History and access exclusive bonus episodes, an ad-free feed, and many more fantastic perks. Help do your part ot keep the show on the air!JOIN PATREON HEREEarly AccessFrench Intervention in the American Revolutionary War - Listen hereThe Corsican Revolution Part II - Listen hereSend your questions, praise, and scorn here!Don't miss out on news and updates. Join the newsletter here!Follow on Social Media:FacebookInstagramTwitter
3/5/202347 minutes, 16 seconds
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1.50 Questions & Answers Part I

We've hit Episode 50 and there are some amazing questions to celebrate! In this episode, we'll be exploring the role of Robespierre, key turning points in Louis XVI's reign, and some interesting historical hypotheticals. We'll also unpack the impact of Icelandic volcanic activity on the revolution as well as my research methodology.Thank you to everyone who has sent in a question. If your question wasn't answered in Part I, it will be in Part II!Support Grey History and access exclusive bonus episodes, an ad-free feed, and many more fantastic perks. Help do your part ot keep the show on the air!JOIN HEREWant early access to all future episodes, including the new joint episode with the American Revolution podcast? LISTEN HERESend your questions, praise, and scorn here!Don't miss out on news and updates. Join the newsletter here!Follow on Social Media:FacebookInstagramTwitter
2/17/202352 minutes, 41 seconds
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1.49 The Trial of the King Part IV

On 21 January 1793, Louis XVI was executed by the French Republic. How did the King live his final hours? What preparations were made to ensure the King could not escape? What impact did this monumental event have on the revolution at home and abroad? These are the questions that will be explored in the final part of the King's trial.Support Grey History and access exclusive bonus episodes, an ad-free feed, and many more fantastic perks. Help do your part ot keep the show on the air!JOIN HEREBonus content for this episode:The Life of Henry Edgeworth, Louis XVI's Irish ConfessorEdgeworth's Account of the King's ExecutionQuestions & Answers Link for Audio Messages (and Traditional Text):https://www.videoask.com/ffwinj4nsUse the same link above to submit feedback on the King's Trial for the upcoming Talk Back Radio segment! Send your questions, praise, and scorn hereSign Up for the NewsletterFollow on Social Media:FacebookInstagramTwitter
1/31/202351 minutes, 27 seconds
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1.48 The Trial of the King Part III

With problems besetting the young republic, the Convention had to end the contentious trial of Louis XVI. How would the trial proceed? Who would determine the King's guilt and punishment? When would the judgment take effect? These are just some of the many questions the deputies grappled with as they dealt with the King's conviction and sentencing.This episode explores the Convention's votes on the King's guilt, the proposed appeal to the people, and the punishment for Louis XVI. It also introduces the important revolutionary Bertrand Barère.Support the show & get exclusive access to all the amazing bonus content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryBonus ContentSpanish efforts to influence the trial King Louis XVIhttps://www.patreon.com/posts/bonus-content-1-76236711Questions & Answers Link for Audio Messages and Traditional Text Questions:https://www.videoask.com/ffwinj4nsUse the same link above to submit feedback on the King's Trial for the upcoming Talk Back Radio segment! Send your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
1/16/20231 hour, 5 minutes, 15 seconds
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1.47 The Trial of the King Part II

As the deputies proceed with the King's trial, a radical proposal upends the proceedings. Leading Girondins suggest "the appeal to the people", a national referendum to determine the King's fate. Rejected by the Mountain, both factions denounce the other as they seek to win the support of the Plain. This episode explores the appeal to the people, the positions of each faction on direct democracy, and the possible motivations for the Girondins' surprising actions.Episode Extra: Additional Thoughts on Girondin MotivationsThis unscripted analysis examines how the possibility of war in the Atlantic may have encouraged some Girondins to seek clemency for the King. It also examines an additional theory from Historian Jean Jaurès as to why the Girondins had no choice but to propose the appeal to the people and attempt to avoid the King's execution. https://www.patreon.com/posts/bonus-content-1-75042042Episode 48 "The King's Trial Part III" is already avilable for patrons with ealry access!https://www.patreon.com/posts/early-access-48-76328616Support the show & get exclusive access to all the amazing bonus content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
12/24/202256 minutes, 36 seconds
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1.46 The Trial of the King Part I

With the republic declared and foreign armies pushed back beyond the frontiers, the National Convention had no choice but to turn its attention to justice. Should the King be tried? Could he even be tried? If he could, how would the nation hold its former monarch to account? These were the questions that gripped the Convention as they sought to prosecute Louis for a long list of crimes.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryEarly Access Episode 47:https://greyhistory.com/early-access-episode-47-the-trial-of-the-king-part-ii/Wish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
11/24/20221 hour, 2 minutes, 48 seconds
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1.45 First Republic, Then Dictatorship?

The new national legislature descends into factional chaos. Fears of tyranny dominate the Convention, and a schism in the Jacobin Club rocks the revolution across the entire nation. Amongst the quarrels, the deputies make history, abolishing the monarchy and establishing the French Republic.Episode Extra:1. The Girondin Attacks - Unscripted thoughts on the Girondin assault against leading Montagnard leaders.https://www.patreon.com/posts/ee-1-45-1-72063855Support Grey History on Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
10/24/20221 hour, 12 minutes, 18 seconds
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Interview Episode - Russian Rulers History Podcast & Catherine the Great

Catherine the Great is one of the most intriguing and consequential monarchs of the 18th century. Mark Schauss from the Russian Rulers History Podcast joins me for a wide-ranging interview on Catherine's reign. In this episode, we discuss Catherine's influential policies, politics, and wars, as well as her surprising ascent to the Russian throne. We also discuss Catherine's relationship with the Enlightenment and leading French philosophers, along with her attitude towards the French Revolution.Support Grey History:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryAdditional RRHP material on Catherine the Great:- Episodes 42-51- Episode 188www.russianrulershistory.comWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
9/16/202257 minutes
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Crossover Episode: History Daily

In this crossover episode we examine another great history podcast called History Daily. Every weekday, host Lindsay Graham takes you back in time to explore a momentous event that happened ‘on this day’ in history. Whether it’s to remember the tragedy of December 7th, 1941, the day “that will live in infamy,” or to celebrate that 20th day in July, 1969, when mankind reached the moon, History Daily is there to tell you the true stories of the people and events that shaped our world—one day at a time.Check out History Daily on all major podcast platforms.https://www.noiser.com/history-dailyEnjoying Grey History? Support the show on Patreon!https://www.patreon.com/greyhistory
8/29/202238 minutes, 18 seconds
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1.44 The National Convention

The National Convention meets in Paris. Who were the deputies who lead France? What divided them? How accurate are the common perceptions of their politics? This episode explores the new national legislature and the factions which would dominate it.Episode Extra - The Legalisation of DivorceExplore the ground-breaking legalisation of divorce in September 1792. Its impact was significant, and it would take almost 180 years for similiar legislation to arrive in the United States and the United Kingdom!Access the episode extra here:https://www.patreon.com/posts/early-access-ee-70107468Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
8/22/202251 minutes, 51 seconds
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1.43 The Invasion of France

On the eve of the Invasion of France in August 1792, the courts of the First Coalition were maintaining an uneasy alliance. Events in Poland had reinforced the long-standing distrust between the courts of Berlin, Vienna, and St. Petersburg, and developments in the east would fundamentally alter the trajectory of the allies' advance. This episode examines how events in Poland impacted the Prussian invasion, as well as the nature of the army that marched with the Duke of Brunswick. We'll also explore the key battles of 1792, including Valmy and Jemappes, along with the amazing highs and lows of the campaign. Finally, we will unpack how the military situation in late 1792 dramatically impacted the politics of the new French Republic, leading to a renewed determination to wage a crusade for universal liberty.Episode Extra: The Battle(s) of ValmyExplore not only the original Battle of Valmy, but the highly contested historical debate surrounding the skirmish. Historians differ massively on how to interpret the events of September 20, 1792, so this will be full of Grey (Military) History!Access the episode extra here:https://www.patreon.com/posts/episode-extra-1-69517375Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
8/1/20221 hour, 14 minutes, 41 seconds
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Joint Episode - History of the Papacy Podcast

I'm thrilled to introduce Grey History's first joint episode! Steve Guerra from the History of the Papacy joins me for a fantastic chat about all things Papacy, Church, and French Revolution. We would love to do another discussion in the future, so please send through ideas for possible conversations on topics relating to the Papacy or the Catholic Church in either France or the revolutionary era! A huge thank you to the Patreon supporters of Grey History! Your support is what makes special episodes like this possible!Part I - 2:30The history of the Papacy and the Catholic Church in Europe and in France.Part II - 28:45The history of the Church in the French Revolution, the initial relationship between the Church and the Revolutionaries, and where it went all wrong!Part III - 1:02:22How the revolution helped to craft the modern Papacy that we're familiar with today!Enjoying Grey History? Support the show today!https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryFollow on social media & subscribe to the newsletter:linktr.ee/greyhistory
7/29/20221 hour, 39 minutes, 37 seconds
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1.42 The Corsican Republic Part I Sneak Peek (Exclusive Bonus Episode)

In this wide-ranging episode, we examine two thousand years of Corsican history! After covering the basics, we’ll explore how various empires and kingdoms left their mark on the island, and discuss how democratic and republican traditions were first established more than a thousand years ago. We'll also unpack the origins of the bitter relationship between Corsica and Genoa, setting us up for an amazingly eventful Part II. Want more on the Corsican Republic? Join the Patreon community today and access the full episode and the behind-the-scenes video! Help keep Grey History on the air!https://www.patreon.com/greyhistory"The Corsican Republic Part I" is just one of many bonus episodes for Patreon supporters of the show. These amazing full-length episodes are waiting for you right now, in addition to all the episode extras and exclusive videos:1.27 - The Nancy Mutiny1.28 - The Brissotin Ministry1.35 - Science During The Revolutionary Era Part I: Chemistry1.35 - Science During The Revolutionary Era Part II: Life Sciences1.42 - The Corsican Republic Part ISupport the show, join the newsletter, and follow the podcast on social media here:linktr.ee/greyhistory
7/28/202214 minutes, 5 seconds
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1.41 The September Massacres Part III

How did the September Massacres change the character of the French Revolution? How did they alter the course and trajectory of the revolutionary project? How did average Parisians react to the gruesome events? These are the questions explored by the third and final part on the dark days of September 1792.Episode Extra:A behind-the-scenes video on the September Massacres episodes. Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypodOverview of the September Massacres:https://greyhistory.com/french-revolution-articles/the-september-massacres/Upcoming Episodes:1.42 The Corsican Revolution (Bonus Episode exclusively for Patreons)1.43 The Invasions of France and Poland
6/30/20221 hour, 14 minutes, 23 seconds
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1.40 The September Massacres Part II

Who was to blame for the September Massacres of 1792? Were the deaths planned or spontaneous? How did various individuals, factions, and institutions respond to the killings, and did they seek to use the bloodshed for their own advantage? Before we examine how the massacres changed the revolution, we must understand who is accountable for the carnage in Paris. Episode Extra:In Defence of Marat - An examination of Historian Lefebvre's claim that Marat's encouragement of the departments to massacre their own prisoners had no effect. Secondly, a rebuttal to Historian Hazan's suggestion that Marat should not be held partially accountable for the murders.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypodOverview of the September Massacres:https://greyhistory.com/french-revolution-articles/the-september-massacres/
6/16/20221 hour, 28 minutes, 6 seconds
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1.39.i Episode Extras

The two Episode Extras for Episode 39 cover the astonishing trial of an aristocratic prisoner and the disbelief of a Scottish eye witness. These accounts offer a fantastic insight into the turbulent, unpredictable, and chaotic nature of the September Massacres. Episode Extras like these, along with other great bonus content, are available to all the Patreon supporters of Grey History. Support Grey History and help keep the show on the air! The show needs your help now!Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletter
5/25/202227 minutes, 43 seconds
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1.39 The September Massacres Part I

Slaughter erupts in Paris as the Prussian Army advances on the capital. Fuelled by a deadly mixture of panic and rumours, the people of Paris seek to eliminate the enemy within by murdering the city's prisoners. The September Massacres of 1792 were a turning point of the French Revolution. Episode Extras are available for EVERYONE in a separate episode! Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistoryEarly Access for Episode 40 'The September Massacres Part II' here:https://www.patreon.com/posts/66883577Vote for the topic of the next bonus episode here:https://www.patreon.com/posts/65257595Send your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypodOverview of the September Massacres:https://greyhistory.com/french-revolution-articles/the-september-massacres/
5/25/20221 hour, 7 minutes, 35 seconds
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1.38 The First Terror

In the aftermath of the fall of the monarchy, the ‘First Terror’ is unleashed. The new Paris Commune seeks to protect the revolution by relentlessly pursuing its enemies. Most famously, a new revolutionary tribunal is established, although its results produce unintended consequences. As Paris is consumed by conspiracies, the institutional and factional rivalries of the revolution escalate from feuds to all out war.”... there is reason to believe that the Assembly itself is under the influence of terror.“ - Scottish witness John Moore’Episode Extra:1. A City in Terror - Hear from the diary of John Moore as he details the treatment of priests and prisoners, the power struggle between the Commune and the Assembly, and the rising influence of the city’s radical elements. A fascinating eye witness account covering all the major topics of recent episodes!Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
5/8/20221 hour, 18 minutes, 24 seconds
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1.37 Aftermath

In the aftermath of the revolution on 10 August 1792, multiple winners and losers emerge. This episode explores those individuals, factions, and institutions which rise to power, and those which lose everything.Episode Extras:1.37.1 - Unfit for the Throne - Historian Bertha Gardiner explains her reasonings why Louis' position on the throne was untenable and why the french people believed the King was unfit to rule.1.37.2 - A Fédéré's Account - A fédéré's account of the events on 10 August 1792.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
3/9/20221 hour, 10 minutes, 52 seconds
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1.36 The Insurrection of 10 August 1792

Paris erupts and the second revolution commences. Amongst the chaos, a new power takes over the capital, and the monarchy falls in a bloody massacre. What compels the revolutionaries to strike on the 10th of August 1792? How popular was the revolt? Was bloodshed avoidable and can it be justified? Episode Extra for Patreons: Was a defence of the palace possible? Hear from historians and Napoleon! Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
1/31/20221 hour, 15 minutes, 25 seconds
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Show Update November 2021

It's been a rough few weeks but I'm on the mend (hopefully)! My health has been quite poor, and combined with work and regularly moving accommodation the production of Grey History has suffered. I'm unsure when Episode 36, "The Fall of the Monarchy", will be released, but at the latest it will be before the end of January! Believe me when I say that I'll be producing it as soon as I can be!In the meantime, please send in any questions for the upcoming Q&A episode that will accompany Episode 36. Please also share the podcast with your friends and family - we'll need all the help we can get for next year! Thank you for your patience and support. Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
11/7/20212 minutes, 59 seconds
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1.35 Science During the Revolutionary Era (Sneak Peek)

Ever wondered what French scientists, elephants, and a creature known as the 'Ohio animal' have to do with extinction? What role did French chemists play in discovering the composition of air and water? How were ancient theories concerning combustion replaced with the foundations of modern chemistry? All these questions are answered in the new bonus episode for Patreon supporters of the show! Episode 35, 'Science During the Revolutionary Era' is actually two bonus episodes. Part I focuses on Chemistry, and Part II focuses on Biology and Palaeontology. Both bonus episodes and hours worth of other exclusive content are now available for all Patreon community members. This snipper of Part II examines the work of French naturalist Georges Cuvier and his discovery of extinction.Not a Patreon supporter of the show? Support Grey History here!https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryPart I: ChemistryThis episode explores the achievements of the famous French Scientist Antoine Lavoisier. It covers the discovery of oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen, as well as the role of oxygen in the combustion process. It also examines outdated scientific theories and the discoveries that air and water were not elements.Part II: Life Sciences (Biology and Palaeontology)This episode examines the early debates surrounding extinction and evolution. This includes the controversial theories and intriguing discoveries of several french naturalists, including Cuvier, Geoffroy, and Lamarck.
10/9/202115 minutes, 47 seconds
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1.34 The Brunswick Manifesto

The Duke of Brunswick proclaims a manifesto with disastrous (or negligible) consequences. Paris lurches closer to insurrection, and the sections of Paris demand a republic in all but name. Radical revolutionaries set a deadline for dethronement, but support for a second revolution among certain factions is surprisingly lacking.Episode Extras:1. The Origins of the Brunswick Manifesto2. Factors that Drove Marat's Rise to Power3. The Secret Dealings Between The Girondins And The CourtSupport the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
8/25/20211 hour, 43 minutes, 22 seconds
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Bastille Day Bonus Episode (The Prisoner of Paris)

Happy Bastille Day Everyone! In celebration of the 232nd anniversary of the Fall of the Bastille, this bonus episode is a recording of my presentation at the Intelligent Speech Conference earlier this year. It covers the key events of the Flight to Varennes, some minor (and key) details which foiled the escape, as well as lessons that can be taken from the event.Please enjoy "The Prisoner of Paris - How Louis XVI (almost) escaped the French Revolution"Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterSend your Q&A Questions here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/
7/14/202144 minutes, 34 seconds
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1.33 What About Second Revolution?

In the aftermath of 20 June, the nation's factions immediately resume their bitter disputes. As foreign armies prepare to invade France, the Legislative Assembly is compelled to declare the nation to be in danger. The arrival of the fédérés changes the power dynamics in Paris, empowering agitators who are calling for a second revolution. The King's dethronement, the Assembly's replacement, and the enactment of universal suffrage become the rallying cry of the city's radicals.Episode Extras:1. "In the name of the King" - Explore the importance of Vergniaud's famous speech of 3 July 1792.2. "The Tree of Feudalism?!" - Experience the sombre Fête de la Fédération of 1792, including a symbolic tree that was symbolic in more ways than one.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
6/30/20211 hour, 9 minutes, 21 seconds
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1.32 Uninvited Guests

A new ministerial crisis erupts thanks to the bold actions of the Interior Minister Jean-Marie Roland. The people of Paris conduct a large demonstration on the 20th of June 1792. Lafayette attempts to stem the revolution’s growing radicalism, and new leaders emerge from the city's sections and clubs.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
5/2/20211 hour, 11 minutes, 20 seconds
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Intelligent Speech - Saturday April 24 2021

Intelligent Speech 2021 will take place online on April 24th, from 10 am to 6 pm Eastern time. The theme of this year‘s conference is, "Escape." There will be approximately 40 speakers for the duration of the conference and at any one point, viewers will have the option of four individual conference streams to watch and participate in.Speakers:https://www.intelligentspeechconference.com/the-podcasters/Schedule:https://www.intelligentspeechconference.com/1690-2/Tickets (Coupon Code: grey):https://www.intelligentspeechconference.com/product/intelligent-speech-spring-2021/My Session:The Prisoner of Paris - How Louis XVI (almost) escaped the French RevolutionIn mid-1791, the King of France escaped his palace prison. Despite making it out of the capital, a series of unfortunate events denied Louis XVI his freedom. This is the story of how European history could have looked dramatically different if it weren't for consistently terrible luck.Enjoying Grey History? Support The Show!https://www.patreon.com/greyhistory
4/21/20213 minutes, 42 seconds
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1.31 Rise of the Sans-culottes

As the nation faced a multitude of threats, a particular cohort of Parisians emerged as a powerful revolutionary force. This episode explores the famous Sans-culottes of the French Revolution.Intelligent Speech Conference:https://www.intelligentspeechconference.com/Coupon Code: “grey”Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
2/28/20211 hour, 12 minutes, 38 seconds
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1.30 Setbacks and Remedies

Despite claims of an easy war, setbacks cripple the French armies. Seeking to reverse the deteriorating situation, the Brissotins adopt radical remedies.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
1/30/20211 hour, 8 minutes, 56 seconds
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1.29 Foreigners in the French Army

An interview with Historian Christopher Tozzi on the experience of foreign soldiers in the French Revolutionary Army. Focusing initially on the experience of foreign troops during the Old Regime, this episode also covers the hostile treatment of non-citizen soldiers during the revolutionary era. In addition to discussing Swiss, German and Irish soldiers, the interview also explores the experiences of American, Black and Jewish soldiers in the french revolutionary wars.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/For more information on Dr Tozzi’s work:Books- Nationalizing France's Army: Foreign, Black and Jewish Troops in the French Military, 1715-1831 (University of Virginia Press, 2016). Manuscript awarded 2014 Walker Cowen Memorial Prize.- For Fun and Profit: A History of the Free and Open-Source Software Revolution (MIT Press, 2017).- “Revolutionary until the Peace”: War and Political Culture in France, 1789-1815. In progress. Articles- “Soldiers without a Country: Foreign Veterans in the Transition from Empire to Restoration,” The Journal of Military History 80, no. 1 (2016): 93-120.- “Les troupes étrangères, l'idéologie révolutionnaire et l'état sous l'Assemblée constituante,” Histoire, économie & société 33, no. 3 (2014): 52-65. Commissioned article for a special edition of the journal on “Les premières années de la Révolution française,” ed. Rafe Blaufarb and Michel Figeac.- “Jews, Soldiering and Citizenship in Revolutionary and Napoleonic France,” The Journal of Modern History 85, no. 2 (2014): 233-257.- “Between Two Republics: American Military Volunteers in Revolutionary France,” Proceedings of the Western Society for French History 39 (2013): 166-176.
12/2/20201 hour, 20 minutes, 51 seconds
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1.26 The Brissotins and the Montagnards

Civil war erupts within the Jacobin Club as Brissot and Robespierre denounce each other's solutions to the nation's woes. Diplomatic and ministerial crises finally trigger conflict between France and Austria in April 1792. Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
10/12/20201 hour, 19 minutes, 29 seconds
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1.25 The Road to War

European monarchs threatened war and Jacobin deputies embraced the challenge. A strange alliance is forged between the Brissotins and the Court as the nation prepares for conflict, while the offical justifications for war hid more sinister motivations.Maps of the Holy Roman Empire:http://greyhistory.com/maps-of-the-holy-roman-empire/Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
8/31/20201 hour, 17 minutes, 48 seconds
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1.24 The Legislative Assembly

New assembly, new problems. As the Legislative Assembly gathers in Paris in October 1791, a new generation of revolutionaries are forced to confront a multitude of threats. The solutions embraced by the deputies were both dramatic controversial.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
7/13/20201 hour, 10 minutes, 18 seconds
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1.23 The Constitution of 1791

With the democrats on the run, the newly established Feuillant Club had an opportunity to revise the constitution and cement its power. King Louis XVI accepts the Constitution of 1791, but historians and contemporaries alike criticise the document for possessing countless flaws. Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
6/8/202052 minutes, 32 seconds
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1.22 The Tricolour Terror

King fled. Captured Instead. Trouble Ahead. With the nation shocked by the King's attempted escape, public debate erupted over the future of both the monarch and the monarchy. Unfortunately for the revolutionary left, these divisive debates resulted in bloodshed and repression. Who should be blamed for the Champ de Mars Massacre, and how successful was the Tricolour Terror it unleashed?Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
5/11/202056 minutes, 27 seconds
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Show Update April 2020

When will season one end? What will be the topic of season two? How can you access Grey History's new bonus content, including Episode Extras, Stand Alone Episodes and Mini-Series? This is the update that answers it all (sort of).Support the show on Patreon for as little as $1 an episode, and gain access to exclusive bonus content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryFollow the show on Facebook:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
4/24/20205 minutes, 56 seconds
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1.21 Run Louis Run

The King escapes Paris in the famous Flight to Varennes. As the revolution was devoured by the left and the right, what was the true catalyst for Louis' decision to flee? What prevented the daring escape from succeeding? Maps of the Flight to Varennes:www.greyhistory.com/maps-of-the-flight-to-varennes/Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
4/21/202057 minutes, 49 seconds
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1.20 Death of the Aristocracy

As religious divisions threaten the peace, the Assembly makes an enemy of France's warrior class. Mirabeau, seeking to save the revolution from its increasing radicalism, enters into secret dealings with the court. Were his actions justified?Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
4/6/202054 minutes, 37 seconds
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1.19 A Holy War Begins

The Catholic Church becomes the revolution's most tenacious and ferocious foe. The Civil Constitution of the Clergy forces the nation to choose between revolution and religion. Was this conflict inevitable, or did the revolutionaries simply make a terrible mistake?Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
3/27/202049 minutes, 55 seconds
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1.18 A Popular Revolution

A popular, revolutionary sentiment sweeps across the nation. To express support for this new nationalism, the French people create a whole host of new ceremonies and customs. But do these traditions truly represent national unity?Check out illustration of liberty trees, federations and Phrygian caps here:http://greyhistory.com/symbols-and-ceremonies-of-the-revolution-of-1789/Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
3/18/202053 minutes, 32 seconds
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1.17 Rivals for Power

The Assembly's authority was being challenged by a variety of revolutionary actors both inside and outside of Paris. Attempting to command greater authority, the Assembly introduced sweeping administrative and judicial reforms.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
3/8/202057 minutes, 7 seconds
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1.16 Clubbing in Paris

Division and disunity grip the Assembly. As factions, societies and clubs begin to dominate the political landscape, the Assembly finds itself embroiled in divisive debates concerning universal male suffrage and martial law.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
2/19/202050 minutes, 38 seconds
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1.15 The October Days

A great revolt consumes Paris. It almost consumes the monarchy itself. The success of the royal veto and the King's refusal to sign the revolutionary decrees of August combine with a number of factors to bring about a popular revolt.... supposedly.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
2/5/202051 minutes, 52 seconds
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1.14 Decrees and Declarations

The Great Fear was followed by great achievements. In an effort to tame the peasant uprisings, the deputies attacked feudalism as well. The rights of man were declared to consolidate the revolution, and the role of the King in society became a central debate.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
1/23/202052 minutes, 55 seconds
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1.13 The Great Fear

'The Great Fear' focuses on France's slide into anarchy. Fear and paranoia drive the populace to take up arms, and a municipal revolution occurs. When the forces of counter-revolution fail to take their revenge on the people, the peasants take theirs instead.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/
1/7/202050 minutes, 29 seconds
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1.12 The Storming of the Bastille

Episode 12, 'The Storming of the Bastille', examines the famous storming of the Bastille, the creation of Paris’ new municipal government by the Electors, and the symbolism of the Bastille both before and after its fall.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
12/14/201940 minutes, 3 seconds
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1.11 The Parisian Powder Keg

Episode 11, 'The Parisian Powder Keg', details the events in Paris as Necker is dismissed from the ministry on July 11 1789 and a counter-revolutionary coup is commenced by the King and his allies. This episode examines how the effects of hunger, freedom of the press and rumoured conspiracy impacted Paris’ willingness to revolt, as well as the actions undertaken by various social classes within the city to protect themselves against numerous enemies (counter-revolutionary or otherwise).Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
12/14/201941 minutes, 46 seconds
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1.10 The National Assembly

Episode 10, 'The National Assembly', explores how the Estates-General transforms itself into the National Assembly, how the dramatic Tennis Court Oath is undertaken, and how the Court responds to the renegade Third Estate.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
12/14/201946 minutes, 3 seconds
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1.09 The Estates General

Episode 9, 'The Estates General', examines the events that unfold once the Estates-General meets at Versailles on 5 May 1789. The episode also explores the impact of food scarcity on the French nation and its bloody consequences.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypodThe Estates-General for students and teachers:http://greyhistory.com/french-revolution-articles/the-estates-general-and-the-french-revolution/
12/14/201945 minutes, 11 seconds
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1.08 Grievances of the Nation

King Louis XVI announced the summoning of the Estates-General, but that did little to contain the kingdom's growing unrest. The Paris Parlement was ridiculed by the public for attempting to ensure the nobility dominated the body, while Necker struggled to grapple with the violent situation he faced as he determined how the Estates-General should be constituted. Finally, the nation listed their grievances as they elected their delegates, giving us a snapshot into the thoughts of a nation on the brink of revolution.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
12/14/201939 minutes, 8 seconds
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1.07 The Cradle of the Revolution

As the political situation in Paris and the countryside deteriorated rapidly, armed revolts became a serious threat, radical bodies emerged, and the demands for Necker's reinstatement and the summoning of the Estates-General continued to haunt the government.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
12/14/201941 minutes, 16 seconds
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1.06 The Revolt of the Parlements

Brienne tackles the Parlements in order to avoid bankruptcy, but the ancient courts were no strangers to obstructing the King's will. Unfortunately for the French monarchy, the Parlements also reject a potential solution to the impending crisisSupport the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
12/13/201938 minutes, 9 seconds
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1.05 The Assembly of Rebels

France will go bankrupt without radical changes to the taxation system. In an effort to avoid the Parlements and an Estates-General, Calonne convenes an Assembly of Notables in February 1787 to try to legitimise radical reforms intended to save the state's finances. Unfortunately for Calonne, the Assembly of Notables fast evolves into an Assembly of Rebels.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
12/13/201939 minutes, 23 seconds
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1.04 Post Necker, Pre Chaos

Multiple scandalous events occur between the American Revolution and the bankruptcy it helped to create. The absence of Necker allowed conservative nobles to conduct a power grab within society, while Enlightenment ideas continued to spread throughout France as the privileged classes abused their prerogatives. Perhaps most importantly for the royal family, the Queen was embroiled in the Diamond Necklace Affair, a scandal that tainted her image permanently in the eyes of the public.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
12/13/201944 minutes, 25 seconds
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1.03 One Revolutionary War

Should France participate in the American Revolutionary War? The French cabinet was divided on the issue. The new King's decision had a tremendous impact on French society and laid the building blocks for the Revolution of 1789. As the conflict waged, the popular minister Jacques Necker made powerful enemies at court.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
12/13/201941 minutes, 9 seconds
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1.02 The Two Louis

Explore the legacies of Louis XVI's forebears. The policies of the Sun King, Louis XIV, and his disappointing successor Louis XV, laid some of the key foundation stones of the French Revolution of 1789.Support the Show & Access Bonus Content:https://www.patreon.com/greyhistoryWish to make a one-off donation to support Grey History?https://ko-fi.com/greyhistorySend your questions, praise, and scorn here:https://greyhistory.com/contact/Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypod
12/13/201947 minutes, 20 seconds
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1.01 Introduction & The Three Estates

'The Three Estates', explores the social hierarchy of the Old Regime. Having maintained the medieval divisions of feudalism, French society was littered with social and economic grievances that existed both between and within the Three Estates.Sign Up for the Newsletter:https://mailchi.mp/0e846e8d26f5/grey-history-newsletterFollow on Social Media:https://www.facebook.com/greyhistorypodcastshttps://www.instagram.com/greyhistorypodcasts/https://twitter.com/greyhistorypodAdditional Resources:The Three Estates of the French Revolutionhttps://greyhistory.com/french-revolution-articles/explained_the_three_estates_of_the_french_revolution/The First Estatehttps://greyhistory.com/french-revolution-articles/explained-the-first-estate/The Second Estatehttps://greyhistory.com/french-revolution-articles/the-second-estate/
12/13/201939 minutes, 16 seconds