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CNA Talks: A National Security Podcast Cover
CNA Talks: A National Security Podcast Profile

CNA Talks: A National Security Podcast

English, News, 1 season, 131 episodes, 2 days, 17 hours, 2 minutes
About
CNA’s experts understand today’s complex and dynamic national security environments. On CNA Talks, you’ll find analysis of globe-shaping conflicts, foreign policy and shifting alliances, regional breakdowns, pandemics and other health crises, environmental disasters, homeland security concerns, and the future of strategic competition. Follow CNA Talks to go behind the headlines and learn from data-driven, objective, discussions on the factors shaping today’s national security landscape.
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Pride @ CNA

In this special Pride Month episode of CNA Talks, three members of CNA’s LGBTQ+ Affinity Group, Pride @ CNA, join the show! They discuss their experiences as members of the LGBTQ+ community at CNA and research that CNA is exploring on interactions between community members and law enforcement. Biographies Dr. L. Cait Kanewske (they/them) is a Research Scientist with CNA’s Center for Justice Research and Innovation. Cait research interests include mental health-related interventions in the criminal justice system, juvenile justice, evidence-based policing in small, rural, and tribal jurisdictions, and the experiences of LGBTQ individuals in the criminal justice system. Cait serves as a principal investigator, project manager, and analyst on several federally funded research and training and technical assistance (TTA) projects related to policing and corrections. Allie Land (she/her) is a Research Analyst with CNA’s Center for Justice Research and Innovation. Her research interests include police technology (including body-worn cameras), organizational reform, and the experiences of LGBTQ individuals in the criminal justice system. Allie serves as an analyst and deputy program manager on several federally funded research and training and technical assistance (TTA) projects related to policing and corrections. Mel Royer (they/them) is a User Computing Administrator in the Cloud Solutions Division. They provide tier 3 technical support and are system administrators for three networks. Mel is also involved in modernizing CNA's cloud footprint, and they are certified in both Azure and Amazon Web Service environments. They have been with CNA for three years and have been the LGBTQ+ Employee Resource Group lead for two years.   Content Warning Markers 10:15-20:00: State Violence, Suicide, Self-Harm, Sexual Assault. 20:00-23:45: State/Legal Discrimination against LGBTQ+ individuals
6/20/202434 minutes, 3 seconds
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Vladimir Putin's New Defense Minister Andrey Belousov

The Russian Federation is an example of a large authoritarian state whose military is subordinate to its civil government. But since the onset of the War in Ukraine, tensions have been growing between civilian and military leaders. In this episode, Julian Waller joins John to discuss the current state of civil-military relations in Russia’s government and how the Wagner Group rebellion fits into this puzzle. Biography Julian G. Waller is a Research Analyst with CNA’s Russia Studies Program. He is an expert in the politics of authoritarian regimes in post-Soviet Eurasia and Europe, focusing on Russian and Ukrainian domestic political institutions and their relation to political-military issues. Further Reading CNA: Russian Military Logistics in the Ukraine War
6/5/202435 minutes, 11 seconds
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Law Enforcement Officer Deaths by Suicide with Karen Solomon from First H.E.L.P

Law Enforcement officers regularly confront traumatic circumstances that can adversely affect their mental and emotional health. In some cases, this can increase their risk of death by suicide.  In late 2023, the CNA partnered with First H.E.L.P. to undertake the first comprehensive analysis of its extensive dataset on law enforcement officer deaths by suicide. In this episode, CNA's Jessica Dockstader and First H.E.L.P's Karen Solomon join the show to discuss this report.  Guest Biographies Jessica Dockstader is an Associate Research Analyst with CNA’s Center for Justice Research and Innovation. She is an expert in officer wellness with experience in the areas of suicide prevention, emotional wellness support, and substance use. She also supports a Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Assistance-funded research project focused on officer safety and wellness. Karen Solomon is co-founder of First H.E.L.P. and author of Hearts Beneath the Badge and The Price They Pay. Her focus is the stories of the families who have lost an officer to suicide and the officers who suffer from the feeling that they have nowhere to turn. Karen was a member of the 2018 Officer Safety and Wellness Group Meeting, co-chairing the Data and Research Committee of the National Consortium on Law Enforcement Suicide Prevention, and is currently on the FBI task force to implement the Law Enforcement Suicide Data Collection Act. Further Reading CNA: Law Enforcement Deaths by Suicide
5/22/202431 minutes, 14 seconds
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China's Economic Activities in Africa

Over the past 20 years, the People’s Republic of China has invested billions of dollars in African nations. But what impact have these investments had on the continent, and how have things changed in the wake of the dual global shocks of the COVID-19 pandemic and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine? Tim Ditter joins the show to answer these questions and discuss his research into China’s presence in Africa. Guest Biographies Timothy Ditter is a research scientist in CNA’s China Studies Program. His work covers PLA amphibious warfare, China’s military modernization and expansion, China’s growing nuclear weapons program, and China’s nascent global military presence. Further Reading CNA: PRC Illicit and Malign Activities in Africa  CNA: PRC Lending in Africa 
5/8/202424 minutes, 1 second
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The Impact of Extreme Weather on Vulnerable Populations

Climate change increases the frequency, severity, and cost of extreme weather events. However, these events are not felt by everyone equally. Existing inequalities in our society exasperate the risks for vulnerable populations. In this episode, Leola Abrahams and Mark Roberts discuss how extreme weather events impact older adults and Native Americans and how protecting our most vulnerable populations protects everyone.  Biographies Leola Abraham is the program manager of CNA’s Center for Vulnerable Population Protection. She focuses on climate change, emergency management, public health, and justice reform. Leola is a senior communications practitioner with over 20 years of professional experience advising federal, state, and local government leaders, nonprofit organizations, and universities to deliver national and global programs and campaigns. Mark Roberts is a Research Scientist with CNA’s Center for Justice Research and Innovation and an expert in domestic safety and security. He is a certified GIS Professional specializing in geospatial and supply chain analyses. His past work for CNA includes developing and facilitating a hybrid workshop for the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine on prioritizing infrastructure resilience along the Gulf of Mexico. Further Reading CNA: The Impacts of Extreme Weather on Older Adults
4/24/202431 minutes, 11 seconds
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Conventional Missiles in the Ukraine War

The Russia‑Ukraine war marks the first large‑scale deployment and use of conventional ballistic and cruise missile technology. Because of this, the theater has become a test bed for missile technology and strategy and has revealed the strengths and weaknesses of contemporary missile forces and doctrines.    In this episode, Fabien Hoffman and Gabriela Rosa Hernandez join the show to discuss how both sides have used conventional weapons during the Ukraine War and the war's impact on strategic stability.  Biographies Fabian Hoffmann is a Doctoral Research Fellow at the Oslo Nuclear Project (ONP). His research focuses on missile technology, nuclear strategy, and defense policy. His Ph.D. project examines the implications of conventional long-range strike weapons on nuclear strategy. Gabriela Iveliz Rosa Hernandez is an Associate Research Analyst at the CNA Russia Studies Program. Her research centers on security orders, deterrence issues, and Russia’s security policy, supplemented by her significant in-country experience living in Russia, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, and other countries in the region. Her commentary has been featured in the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, Time Magazine, and other media. Further Reading CNA: Strategic Stability and the Ukraine War Implications of Conventional Missile Technologies
4/10/202435 minutes, 48 seconds
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Department of the Navy Deputy Principal Cyber Advisor Joshua Reiter on the Department's Cyber Strategy

Military operations in the physical domains all depend on the cyber domain. To ensure the success of traditional naval capabilities, the Navy and Marine Corps must project power in and through cyberspace while defending their systems and assets from adversary cyber capabilities. The side that most effectively sequences and synchronizes cyber effects will have a decisive advantage.     Department of the Navy (DON) Deputy Principal Cyber Advisor Joshua Reiter and CNA’s Ariel Michelman-Ribeiro join the show to discuss the DON Cyber Strategy. Guest Biographies           Ariel Michelman-Ribeiro is a Principal Research Scientist in the Cyber, IT Systems, and Networks Program and has been with CNA for 13 years. In addition to directing projects, she is also CNA's Cyber Research Coordinator. Joshua Reiter is the Deputy Principal Cyber Advisor (PCA) for the Department of the Navy, In this role, he is responsible for supporting the PCA in advising the Secretary of the Navy, Chief of Naval Operations, and Commandant of the Marine Corps, and implementing the Department of Defense Cyber Strategy within the Department of the Navy. Further Reading Department of the Navy Cyber Strategy
3/27/202426 minutes, 6 seconds
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Zero Trust: Modernizing in a Classified Environment

In an age when the risks of cyberattacks are increasingly clear, the Zero Trust security model, built on the principle of “never trust, always verify,” is the new standard for cyber security. Like many organizations, CNA is working to implement the model throughout our organization.  Rizwan Jan, CNA’s Chief Information Officer, and cybersecurity expert Adam Monsalve join the show to discuss CNA’s journey to implement Zero Trust, how we can use that experience, and how we have leveraged this experience to better serve our clients and sponsors.  Biographies  Rizwan Jan is CNA's Chief Information Officer. He leads our technology and security practices while strengthening information systems. As CIO, he ensures the delivery of all information and technology capabilities required to successfully achieve CNA's mission. Adam Monsalve is a Systems Engineer at CNA’s Center for Enterprise Systems Modernization. He is a cybersecurity expert who specializes in the intersection of uncrewed technologies and cybersecurity for multiple federal government clients. Further Reading NIST: Zero Trust Architecture CISA: Zero Trust Maturity Model   
3/13/202423 minutes, 40 seconds
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Civilian Harm Mitigation is a Moral Imperative and a Strategic Priority

The DOD Civilian Harm Mitigation and Response Action Plan (CHMR-AP) represents a significant step forward for global efforts to reduce civilian harm. The plan recognizes that reducing civilian harm is not just a moral imperative but a strategic priority. It lays out concrete steps that the Department of Defense can take to mitigate civilian harm caused by its operations.   Larry Lewis, Marla Keenan, and Sabrina Verleysen join John Stimpson in this episode. They discuss the CHMR-AP and the decades of work on civilian harm mitigation that made it possible.  Biographies Dr. Larry Lewis is a Principal Research Scientist in CNA’s Operations Division. Dr. Lewis spearheaded the first data-based approach to protecting civilians in conflict by analyzing military operational data in conjunction with open-source data. He has worked extensively with militaries—including the U.S., NATO allies, and key U.S. partners—to help reduce civilian harm in their operations and strengthen their institutional capacity to mitigate such harm.  Marla Keenan is a Principal Advisor to CNA and an expert in human security, the protection of civilians, civilian harm mitigation and response, and civil-military relations in armed conflict. She has conducted high-level advocacy with international and regional organizations, including the United Nations, African Union, and NATO. She formerly led all international programs for the Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC), working directly with civilians caught in conflict and militaries to support improved protection outcomes. Sabrina Verleysen is a Senior Specialist in Strategic Development and brings expertise in government relations and Indonesian civilian-military relations. She supports the CHM portfolio as an analyst, builds partnerships, and convenes interagency stakeholders to improve information sharing and collaboration on CHMR.  Further Reading DOD: Civilian Harm Mitigation and Response Action Plan CNA: Civilian Harm Mitigation
2/28/202436 minutes, 3 seconds
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How Can Emergency Managers Best Utilize Social Media?

Climate Change is increasing both the frequency and severity of extreme weather events. Because of this, it is more important than ever that emergency management officials utilize every tool available to them to communicate effectively and clearly with the public.   Jamie Biglow and Heather Marshall from CNA's Center for Emergency Management Operations join John Stimpson. They discuss how state and local officials can use social media before, during, and after a crisis to build trust with their communities, disseminate vital information, and counter misinformation.  Biographies Jamie Biglow is a Project Manager with CNA’s Center for Emergency Management Operations. Heather Marshall is a Senior Research Specialist with CNA’s Center for Emergency Management Operations. Further Reading CNA: Best Practices in Social Media Crisis Communications for State and Local Emergency Management Agencies  
2/14/202424 minutes, 54 seconds
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A New Tool to Protect First Responders

As cities across the country become more networked and connected with smart sensors, more data is available to first responders than ever before. But how can this data be interpreted efficiently in emergencies where every second counts? In this episode, John Crissman and Shaelynn Hales from CNA and Godfrey Nolan, founder and CEO of RIIS LLC, join the show. We discuss their award-winning First Responder Awareness Monitoring during Emergencies (FRAME) System, which takes in data from these sensors, uses machine learning to interpret the information, and aggregates that into a common data view to increase emergency situational awareness. Guest Biographies Shaelynn Hales is the Managing Director of CNA’s Center for Data Management Analytics. She is an expert in systems engineering, data management, data analytics, and integrated program management support. John Crissman is a Research Analyst in CNA’s Center for Data Management Analytics. He is an expert in artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), and natural language processing. Godfrey Nolan is the Founder and President of RIIS LLC. Further Reading Business Wire: Groundbreaking Innovations Unveiled: Winners Announced for the AI3 Prize Competition
1/31/202415 minutes, 49 seconds
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Tomorrow's Technology in the Ukraine War

The role of AI and autonomous systems in the war in Ukraine has attracted much attention in the media and from analysts tracking the use of new technologies in warfare. But what impact has it had on the battlefield? In this episode, Margarita Konaev and Samuel Bendett join the show to discuss how these technologies impact the situation on the ground, the private sector’s role in the conflict, and what this means for the future of warfare.  Biographies  Samuel Bendett is an Advisor with CNA’s Russia Studies Program. His research focuses on Russian defense and technology developments, uncrewed, robotic, and autonomous military systems, artificial intelligence, and Russian military capabilities.  Dr. Margarita Konaev is Deputy Director of Analysis and a Research Fellow at Georgetown’s Center for Security and Emerging Technology (CSET), interested in military applications of AI and Russian military innovation. Further Reading CNA: The Use of AI and Autonomous Technologies in the War in Ukraine and Implications for Strategic Stability CNA Talks: Cheap Commercial Drones and the War in Ukraine
1/17/202440 minutes, 3 seconds
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A New Approach to Preventing Suicide in the Army

In recent years, there has been a rise in suicide attempts among army personnel and while there have been a lot of attempts to tackle this problem, it is not clear if what has been done to date is working.  In this episode, Heather Wolters and Lauren Malone join John to discuss a new holistic approach to address the problem at a systemic level.  Guest Biographies Dr. Heather Wolters is a Principal Research Scientist with CNA’s Marine Corps and Defense Workforce Program.  Dr. Lauren Malone is a Principal Research Scientist with CNA’s Marine Corps and Defense Workforce Program.  Further Reading  CNA: Recommendations to Enhance Army Suicide Prevention  CNA: Designing an Integrated Approach to Prevent Multiple Harmful Behaviors  
1/3/202422 minutes, 23 seconds
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Russian Military Logistics in the Ukraine War

In the early days of the Ukraine war, the Russian army experienced a massive breakdown of its logistics operations. Frontline troops were going without basic supplies like food and fuel. What caused this breakdown, and has Russia been able to stabilize supply lines as the war progressed? Paul Schwartz joins the show to discuss his report on Russian Military Logistics in the Ukraine War. Biographies Paul Schwartz is a Research Scientist with CNA’s Russia Studies Program. Further Reading CNA: Russian Military Logistics in the Ukraine War  
12/20/202329 minutes
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The Navy and Strategic Competition with China

The Chief of Staff to the Secretary of the Navy asked CNA for recommendations on how the Navy can better position itself for such competition, that is, below the threshold of armed conflict. In this episode, three experts from across CNA join the show to discuss their specific recommendations and what the future fleet needs to look like to implement them.  Guest Biographies David M. Finkelstein is vice president and director of CNA's China and Indo-Pacific Security Affairs Division. A retired U.S. Army officer, he held significant China-related positions at the Pentagon as an advisor to the Secretary of Defense and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Gordon Jaquith is the vice president and director of CNA’s Systems, Tactics and Force Development Division. He formerly served as director of the Strategic, Defensive, and Science/Technology Division at the Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation (CAPE) office within the Office of the Secretary of Defense. Ann Parcell is the Director of CNA’s Navy Human Resources Program. Further Reading CNA: The Department of the Navy and Strategic Competition with the People’s Republic of China
12/6/202330 minutes, 33 seconds
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The Benefits of Body-worn Cameras in a Local Jail Setting

Over the past decade, police departments across the United States have adopted body-worn cameras, and evidence suggests that they can help reduce complaints and use of force incidents.  This raises the question of whether they could serve a similar purpose in jails and prisons. In this episode, John Stimpson sits down with Brittany Cunningham and Bryce Peterson to discuss their research into the impact of body-worn cameras at the Loudoun County adult detention center. Guest biographies Dr. Brittany Cunningham is the Assistant Director of CNA’s Center for Justice Research and Innovation. She specializes in using evidence-based approaches and quantitative and qualitative analysis to support law enforcement agency operations and organizational reform. Dr. Bryce Peterson is a Senior Research Scientist with CNA’s Center for Justice Research and Innovation. His research focuses on body-worn cameras and other technologies, correctional safety and contraband, and other policies and programs that improve the efficacy of criminal justice operations. Further Reading CNA: Comparing the Uses and Benefits of Stationary Cameras Versus Body-Worn Cameras in a Local Jail Setting
11/8/202324 minutes, 45 seconds
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How Special Operations Forces Can Help Address IUU Fishing

The People's Republic of China is the most significant contributor to the global problem of illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing. Its distant water fishing fleet is the largest in the world and operates everywhere, from the Pacific Island Countries to the Atlantic Coast of Africa. In this episode, Heidi Holz and Cornell Overfield join John Stimpson to discuss how US Special Operations Forces can help counter the problem of Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated fishing by serving as a global connector for this issue.    Guest Biographies Heidi Holz is a Senior Research Scientist with CNA’s China Studies Program. She has researched PRC security issues, including PRC strategy and investments in the Arctic, illicit maritime activities by PRC actors, Chinese military doctrine and operations, and U.S.-China military-to-military relations. Cornell Overfield is a specialist in the relationship between maritime law and foreign policy. At CNA, he has worked on projects covering Arctic security and economic activity, improved engagement with allies and partners, and data analytics. Related Materials CNA: Implications of Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fishing for US Special Operations Forces  CNA: Exposing the Gap Between PRC Rhetoric and Illicit Maritime Activity  CNA Talks: The Scale of China’s Illegal Fishing  
10/25/202321 minutes, 9 seconds
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Rebroadcast: Better Metrics for Better Analyses

What do search engine optimization, airline schedules and standardized testing have in common? They are all vulnerable to Goodhart’s law, the idea that when a metric becomes a target, it ceases to be a good metric.   In this episode, Michael Stumborg and Timothy Blasius join John to discuss their report, “Goodhart’s Law: Recognizing and Mitigating the Manipulation of Measures in Analysis.”   Michael Stumborg is a Principal Research Scientist with CNA’s ​Strike and Air Warfare Program. Timothy Blasius is a Senior Research Scientist with CNA’s Strike and Air Warfare Program. CNA: Goodhart’s Law: Recognizing and Mitigating the Manipulation of Measures in Analysis Army War College: Lying to Ourselves: Dishonesty in the Army Profession
10/11/202325 minutes, 38 seconds
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Vladimir Putin, Kim Jong and the future of Russia-North Korea relations

On September 13, North Korean Leader Kim Jong met with Russian President Vladmir Putin at the Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia’s most advanced space launch site. The meeting sparked concern in the West that Kim could supply Russia with weapons and munitions for its war in Ukraine and speculation about what North Korea would receive in return. In this episode, Ken Gause and Paul Schwartz discuss the significance of the meeting and its implications for US policy makers. Ken Gause is an expert on the North Korean leadership and political system. He has written several books on North Korea, focusing on its politics, military apparatus, and internal security system, including “North Korean House of Cards.” Paul Schwartz is a Research Scientist with CNA’s Russia Studies Program.  Further Reading A War of Attrition: Assessing the Impact of Equipment Shortages on Russian Military Operations in Ukraine  
9/27/202329 minutes, 14 seconds
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Large Scale Exercise 2023

Last month, the Navy and the Marine Corps held Large Scale Exercise 2023. The exercise integrates six Navy and Marine Corps component commands and seven numbered fleets across the globe. More than 10,000 Sailors and Marines across 22 time zones participated in the exercise. 48 CNA analysts supported this exercise, including 14 aboard ships in all 7 Numbered Fleets. In this episode, Josh Tallis and Mallory Ladd, who deployed during the exercise, join the podcast to discuss their experience and how this on-site analysis is central to CNA’s approach to research. Biographies Josh Tallis is a Senior Research Scientist with CNA's Fleet Plans and Requirements Program, with expertise in maritime security and Arctic, Euro-Atlantic, and NATO naval strategy. Mallory Ladd is a Research Scientist with CNA’s Operational Training and Readiness Program. She specializes in joint all-domain training and readiness, Arctic science and maritime operations, and contested logistics. Links Facebook Photo Album: Josh Tallis Deployment, USS Mount Whitney Facebook Photo Album: Mallory Ladd Deployment, USS Carl Vinson Instagram Photo Album: Josh Tallis Deployment, USS Mount Whitney Instagram Photo Album: Mallory Ladd Deployment, USS Carl Vinson CNA Field Program
9/13/202324 minutes, 51 seconds
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DePoy Award Winner: Jerry Meyerle

CNA’s Phil E. DePoy Award recognizes analytic excellence, harmonious relations with colleagues and clients, and dedication to this organization. The ideal candidate produces consistently superb analysis, communicates effectively to expert and lay audiences alike, leads teams well, and influences the thinking and decisions of sponsors through their work. In this episode, this year’s winner, Jerry Meyerle, joins the podcast to discuss his deployment to Afghanistan, his work's impact, and advise new CNA analysts. Jerry Meyerle is a Principal Research Scientist with CNA’s Fleet Plans and Requirements Program and an expert in military operations, defense policy and posture, strategic planning, and combatant commands.
8/30/202322 minutes, 10 seconds
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Moving at the Speed of Innovation — Regulating Package Delivery Drones

Companies, including Amazon, UPS, and Domino's are all investing in package delivery drones. These systems represent a significant paradigm shift from the current air traffic control model. With the private sector moving at the speed of innovation, the government will need new tools to regulate this new airspace. In this episode, we discuss CNA’s new agent-based model, UAS Cooperative Airspace Traffic Simulation (UCATS), and how it can help the FAA and local stakeholders fairly regulate package delivery drone operations. Guest Biographies  Rebekah Yang is Systems Engineer with CNA’s Center for Data Management Analytics and the lead engineer on this model. She is an artificial intelligence and machine learning expert for the Federal Aviation Administration's Office of NextGen and a data visualization and modeling specialist. Adam Monsalve is a Systems Engineer with CNA’s Center for Enterprise Systems Modernization. He is a cybersecurity expert specializing in the intersection of uncrewed technologies and cybersecurity for multiple federal government clients. Mark Lesko is a Research Scientist with CNA’s Center for Enterprise Systems Modernization. He is an expert in FAA and traditional air traffic management, and supports the FAA Command Center in Warrenton, VA. Further Reading CNA: Agent-Based Modeling of Uncrewed Aircraft System Flight Planning for Airspace Fairness CNA: Simulation Applications for Forecasting Effective Responses in Corrections (Safer-C™): A COVID-19 Disease Spread Model  
8/16/202335 minutes, 6 seconds
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Alliance Wedge Strategies: Russia

In great power strategic competition, states deploy wedge strategies to divide, weaken, and prevent opposing alliances. In part two of a two-part series on the topic, host David Wallsh moderates a discussion on Russia's wedge strategies in the Global South and how the United States can address this challenge. Dmitry Gorenburg is a Senior Research Scientist with CNA’s Russia Studies program. He is an expert on security issues in the former Soviet Union, the Russian military, Russian foreign policy, and ethnic politics and identity. He is also an associate at the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies at Harvard University. Angela Stent is Director of the Center for Eurasian, Russian and East European Studies and Professor of Government and Foreign Service at Georgetown University. She is also a Senior Fellow (non-resident) at the Brookings Institution and co-chairs its Hewett Forum on Post-Soviet Affairs. Further Reading CNA Report: Countering Chinese and Russian Alliance Wedge Strategies  
8/2/202332 minutes, 14 seconds
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Alliance Wedge Strategies: China

In great power strategic competition, states deploy wedge strategies to divide, weaken, and prevent opposing alliances. In part one of a two-part series on the topic, host David Wallsh moderates a discussion on Chinese wedge strategies in the Indo-Pacific and how the United States can address this challenge. Biographies  David Wallsh is a Senior Research Scientist in CNA’s Strategy, Policy, Plans, and Programs Division. Dr. Wallsh is an expert in alliance politics, Middle East security, and US security cooperation programs. April Herlevi is a Senior Research Scientist in CNA’s China and Indo-Pacific Security Affairs Division. Dr. Herlevi is an expert on the People’s Republic of China's (PRC) foreign and security policy, economic statecraft for technology acquisition, and the increasing role of PRC commercial, economic, and military actors globally. Twitter: @herlevi1 Andrew Taffer is a Research Fellow with the Center for the Study of Chinese Military Affairs within the Institute for National Strategic Studies (INSS) at NDU. Prior to arriving at INSS, Dr. Taffer was a Research Scientist in the China and Indo-Pacific Security Affairs division at the Center for Naval Analyses.  Toshi Yoshihara is a Senior Fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments. Dr. Yoshihara was previously the inaugural John A. van Beuren Chair of Asia-Pacific Studies and a Professor of Strategy at the U.S. Naval War College.  Further Reading CNA Report: Countering Chinese and Russian Alliance Wedge Strategies CNA InDepth: The US Advances Its Pacific Partnership Strategy in Micronesia  
7/19/202334 minutes, 41 seconds
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National Security Seminar: Artificial Intelligence in Nuclear Operations

On April 20, 2023, CNA’s National Security Seminar (NSS) series hosted a virtual panel discussion on the challenges, opportunities, and risks of incorporating artificial intelligence (AI) into nuclear operations. The event was centered on a recently released CNA report, Artificial Intelligence in Nuclear Operations.  Guest Biographies Mallory Stewart, Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance, US Department of State​ Paul Scharre, Vice President and Director of Studies and military uses of AI Expert, CNAS ​Timothy P. McDonnell, Research Analyst and nuclear weapons policy expert, Strategy and Policy Analysis Program, Larry Lewis, Principal Research Scientist and AI expert, Special Activities and Analysis Program, CNA​  
7/5/20231 hour, 21 minutes, 21 seconds
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Cheap Commercial Drones and the War in Ukraine

High-end, long-range combat drones like the MQ-1 Predator can fly for thousands of miles and strike adversaries from far away. They are also extremely expensive—one MQ1 costs $20 million—and manufacturing takes time.  Such drones are in short supply in Russia, creating a gap in Russian military capabilities. But Russia has adapted. This episode examines Russian use of cheap commercial and foreign-made drones in Ukraine—how this impacts dynamics on the ground and what this may reveal about the broader Russian war effort.    Related Resources  Guest Biography Samuel Bendett is an Advisor with CNA’s Russia Studies Program. His research focuses on Russian defense and technology developments; uncrewed, robotic, and autonomous military systems; artificial intelligence; and Russian military capabilities. His analysis of Russia’s war against Ukraine has appeared in globally-read news outlets such as VICE and The Washington Post.   Further Reading  CNA Report: Russia’s Use of Uncrewed Systems in Ukraine
6/21/202330 minutes, 55 seconds
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Not Just Nuclear Weapons: How China Views Strategic Deterrence

For decades, competition between the United States and Russia has defined strategic deterrence. But as China emerges as the greatest rival to the United States, it is worth examining how Beijing views the concept. In this episode we examine how China’s military and civilian analysts are writing about strategic deterrence, and how new technologies and domains impact their perception. Guest Biographies Brian Waidelich is a Research Scientist with CNA’s Indo-Pacific Security Affairs division. His research focuses on focuses on Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) organization and Indo-Pacific maritime and space security issues. Timothy Ditter is a Research Scientist with CNA’s China Studies Program. His work covers PLA amphibious warfare, China’s military modernization and expansion, China’s growing nuclear weapons program, and China’s nascent global military presence. Further Reading CNA Report: PRC Writings on Strategic Deterrence CNA Report: Artificial Intelligence in Nuclear Operations  
6/7/202325 minutes, 25 seconds
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Why Hasn’t Russia Established Air Superiority?

One of the defining features of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, has been the inability of the much larger and more advanced Russian Aerospace Forces to establish air superiority in the conflict. This surprised analysts and prompted a widespread reconsideration of the services’ capabilities as well as the potential threat it poses to NATO countries. In this episode CNA’s Julian Waller and RUSI’s Justin Bronk join John Stimpson, to examine Russian air operations during the Ukraine War and ask what lessons policy makers can learn from them. Guest Biographies Justin Bronk is the Senior Research Fellow for Airpower and Technology in the Military Sciences team at the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), and the Editor of the RUSI Defence Systems online journal. His areas of expertise include the modern combat air environment, Russian and Chinese ground-based air defences and fast jet capabilities, the air war during the Russian invasion of Ukraine, unmanned combat aerial vehicles and novel weapons technology.  Twitter: @Justin_Br0nk Julian G. Waller is an associate Research analyst in CNA’s Russia Studies program. He is expert in the politics of authoritarian regimes in post-Soviet Eurasia and Europe, with a focus on Russian and Ukrainian domestic political institutions and their relation to political-military issues. At CNA, he has developed reports on Russian military strategy, political media analysis and domestic artificial intelligence developments. Twitter: @JulianWaller Further Reading CNA Report - Russian Combat Air Strengths and Limitations: Lessons from Ukraine
5/24/202332 minutes, 33 seconds
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How Can Jurisdictions Secure Their Elections?

Free and fair elections are an essential of the democratic process, but in recent years foreign inference and disinformation have shaken voters trust in the electoral system. In this episode, guest host Sabrina Verleysen, sits down with CNA’s Dawn Thomas and former Elections Assistance Commissioner Matt Masterson. They discuss how jurisdictions can secure their elections, what resources are available to them and how to ensure their voters are confident in the results. Guests Matt Masterson served as Senior Cybersecurity Advisor at the Department of Homeland Security’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (known as CISA), where he focused on election security issues. He previously served as a Commissioner at the Election Assistance Commission from December 2014 until March 2018, including serving as the Commission’s Chairman in 2017-2018. Dawn Thomas is a co-director of the Center for Emergency Management and Operations and director of the Center for Critical Incident Analysis. She is an expert in large-scale incident planning and response. She has worked on a large array of emergency preparedness issues including: biological attacks, active shooters, large-scale evacuations, medical evacuations, earthquakes and tsunamis, mass casualty chemical incidents, public health outbreaks and cyberattacks. Sabrina Verleysen is an expert in government relations and Indonesian civilian-military relations. She collaborates regularly on business development lifecycle activities and executes strategic initiatives, events, and engagements. In addition, she supports projects funded by the Department of State that focus on civilian harm mitigation. Further Reading Learn more about election security preparations using workshops, drills, and tabletop exercises on CNA.org. If you’d like to receive updates about upcoming election security seminars please email [email protected].  
5/10/202329 minutes, 57 seconds
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Exploring Drones as Tools for Public Safety

Drones have become a ubiquitous part of our society, used by everyday people for fun or as part of their business. The potential of these tools seems limitless but one area that is less discussed is how they can be used by first responders and emergency managers to help keep the public safe. In this episode Addam Jordan and Marina Rozenblat join John Stimpson. To discuss how jurisdiction can successfully implement drones into their public safety and emergency response plans. Guest Biographies Marina Chumakov Rozenblat is the Chief Scientist for CNA’s Center for Data Management and Analytics. She is an expert in data management, cybersecurity, uncrewed aircraft systems, and aviation applications of AI and machine learning. Addam Jordan is the Chief Scientist for CNA’s Center for Enterprise Systems Modernization. He specializes in new entrants, uncrewed aircraft systems (UAS), artificial intelligence (AI) and cybersecurity. Further Reading Sign up for Marina’s workshop here. CNA Spotlight: The Glorious Future of Unmanned Aircraft Systems
4/26/202323 minutes, 7 seconds
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The Largest Protest Movement in Israel's History

For the past 3 months Israel has experienced the largest mass protest movement in its history. The demonstrators oppose judicial reforms which, if enacted, would give the government greater control over appointing Supreme Court judges and allow its parliament to overrule supreme court decisions. In this episode, Samuel Plapinger returns to the podcast to discuss the protests, why they have been so effective and what this portends for Prime Minster Netanyahu’s administration. Samuel Plapinger is a Research Scientist with CNA’s Special Activities and Intelligence program. He is an expert on strategic competition, irregular warfare, combat effectiveness, insurgency, terrorism, and Middle East security. Episode Links CNA InDepth: Israel’s New Government Is the Most Far-right in Its History National Security Seminar: Artificial Intelligence in Nuclear Operations  
4/12/202324 minutes, 3 seconds
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Finland and Sweden's NATO Accession

In this episode, Dmirtry Gorenburg and Steve Wills join John Stimpson. They discuss Finland and Sweden’s NATO accession and what it means for the alliance and for Russia. Dmitry Gorenburg is a Senior Research Scientist with CNA’s Russia Studies program. He is an expert on security issues in the former Soviet Union, the Russian military, Russian foreign policy, and ethnic politics and identity. He is also an associate at the Davis center for Russian and Eurasian studies at Harvard university. Twitter: @russmil Steve Wills is a Research Scientist with CNA’s Strategy and Policy Analysis Program. As a Navy historian, his research interests include the history of U.S. Navy strategy development over the Cold War and immediate post-Cold War eras, and the post-World War II Navy surface fleet. He is an also the Navalist at the Center for maritime strategy at Navy league US. Twitter: @Lazarus_Navy
3/29/202330 minutes, 42 seconds
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NSS Event: Nuclear Cooperation with Strategic Competitors

In this bonus episode of CNA Talks, we are bringing you the recording of CNA’s recent National Security Seminar, “Nuclear cooperation with strategic competitors,” which has held on March 21, 2023. The event featured panelists Timothy McDonnell and Rose Gottemoeller. McDonnell is the author of a recent CNA publication entitled, “Working with the Adversary: Great Power Cooperation and Nuclear Risk Management.” This report uses archival sources to examine three historical cases of great power nuclear cooperation, distilling lessons and insights for practitioners. During the event Dr. McDonnell shared his findings and then discussed them with Gottemoeller, a seasoned arms control practitioner, about its findings and implications. The event was moderated by CNA’s Mary Chesnut. Rose Gottemoeller, Steven C. Házy Lecturer, Center for International Security and Cooperation, and Research Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University; former Deputy Secretary General, NATO; former Under Secretary for Arms Control & International Security and chief US negotiator for the New START Treaty, US State Department Timothy P. McDonnell, Research Analyst and nuclear weapons policy expert, Strategy and Policy Analysis Program, CNA. He is the author of the report, “Working with the Adversary: Great Power Cooperation and Nuclear Risk Management.” Mary Chesnut, Research Analyst and nuclear weapons policy expert, Russia Studies Program, CNA Further Reading CNA- Working with the Adversary: Great Power Competetion and Nuclear Risk Management
3/23/20231 hour, 23 minutes, 51 seconds
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Virtual Reality for Naval Training

The Naval Diving and Salvage Training Center, in Panama City Florida, trains more than 1,200 military divers from across the services. These students are persuing certificates in everything from underwater construction to explosive ordnance disposal.   In this episode, Neil Carey joins John Stimpson to discuss his research on the potential of extended reality technology (which includes virtual reality, augmented reality and mix/merged reality) as a tool for the training and assessment of these divers. Resources Dr. Neil Carey is a Senior Research Scientist with CNA’s Navy Human Resources Program. He is an expert in psychological measurement, cognitive psychology, and their applications to learning.  CNA: The Promise and Pitfalls Of Extended Reality In Naval Training
3/15/202323 minutes, 51 seconds
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New Export Rules for Semiconductors

In this episode, we examine a new regulation from the Department of Commerce aimed at limiting China’s access to semiconductors and microchips, the impact it is having on China and how U.S. partner nations are responding. Guests  April Herlevi is a Senior Research Scientist with CNA's Indo-Pacific Security Affairs program. She is an expert in China's foreign economic policy, special economic zones, and economic statecraft.  Christopher Cairns is a Research Scientist with CNA's Indo-Pacific Security Affairs program. He is an expert in China's economic statecraft and technology acquisition efforts and U.S. ally and partner issues in the Indo-Pacific.  Links To subscribe to the Intersections newsletter, please email [email protected] Intersections Issue 1: https://www.cna.org/our-media/newsletters/intersections/issue-1 Intersections Issue 2: https://www.cna.org/our-media/newsletters/intersections/issue-2  
3/1/202323 minutes, 19 seconds
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A New Paradigm for the Middle East

Since the end of the Cold War, the United States has been the predominant foreign power in the Middle East, influencing the economic, political and security affairs of the region. But in recent years other great powers have begun to chip away at this power, carving out their own spheres of influence in the region. In this episode, we explore the strategic objectives of China and Russia in the Middle East, the tools they are using to achieve them, and what this means for U.S. policymakers. Guests Michael Connell is an expert in Persian Gulf security-related issues, the armed forces of Iran, U.S.-GCC security cooperation, and adversary cyber policy and strategy. Samuel Plapinger is an expert on strategic competition, irregular warfare, combat effectiveness, insurgency, terrorism, and Middle East security. Links Report: China’s Presence in the Middle East and Western Indian Ocean Podcast: Putin, Raisi and Their Common Enemy
2/15/202334 minutes, 49 seconds
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NATO's Maritime Future with Joshua Tallis (Sea Power)

This episode originally aired on CIMSEC's Sea Control Podcast. Special thanks to their team for allowing up to rebroadcast this episode.  Dr. Joshua Tallis joins the program to discuss the evolution of NATO's maritime command and control and the future for the Standing Naval Force. Dr. Tallis is a naval analyst at the Center for Naval Analyses, where he is a senior research scientist in the Operations Evaluation Group. He has embedded as an analyst with Carrier Strike Group Eight and most recently with U.S. Sixth Fleet. This episode was edited and produced by Nathan Miller. EPISODE NOTES Links 1. "NATO’s Maritime Vigilance: Optimizing the Standing Naval Force for the Future," by Dr. Joshua Tallis, War on the Rocks, December 15, 2022.
2/1/202345 minutes, 31 seconds
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Better Metrics for Better Analyses

What do search engine optimization, airline schedules and standardized testing have in common? They are all vulnerable to Goodhart’s law, the idea that when a metric becomes a target it ceases to be a good metric.   In this episode Michael Stumborg and Timothy Blasius join John to discuss their report, “Goodhart’s Law: Recognizing and Mitigating the Manipulation of Measures in Analysis.”   Michael Stumborg is a Principal Research Scientist with CNA’s ​Strike and Air Warfare Program. Timothy Blasius is a Senior Research Scientist with CNA’s Strike and Air Warfare Program. CNA: Goodhart’s Law: Recognizing and Mitigating the Manipulation of Measures in Analysis Army War College: Lying to Ourselves: Dishonesty in the Army Profession
1/18/202325 minutes, 14 seconds
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Rebroadcast: Center for Naval Analyses Year in Review

For the past 80 years, the Center for Naval Analyses has been the Navy’s partner and an essential resource for agencies across the federal government. In this episode, Executive Vice President of the Center for Naval Analyses, Andrew Mara sits down to discuss the Center’s accomplishments over the past fiscal year and where the organization is headed in the coming one.
1/4/202327 minutes, 54 seconds
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An Unprecedented Challenge to Xi Jinping

On November 28, thousands of people across China took to the streets to protest the country’s ‘zero-COVID policies and censorship and to call for democracy. These demonstrations were an unprecedented show of dissent against the government in the era of Xi Jinping. How has the government responded to these uprisings, and how will they affect Beijing’s COVID strategy going forward? To answer these questions Heidi Holz and Josiah Case, analysts from CNA’s China Studies Program, join the podcast.   Heidi Holz is a Research Scientist in the CNA China Studies Program. Her research interests include China's media environment, Chinese military doctrine and operations, as well as U.S.-China military-to-military relations. Josiah Case is a Research Analyst in CNA's China Studies Program. His research at CNA has focused on PRC media and Beijing's global activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. CNA InDepth: Bejing's Zero-COVID Dilemma  CNA Report: Telling China's COVID-19 Story Well Propaganda, Disinformation, & Other Influence Efforts
12/7/202229 minutes, 52 seconds
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THE 20TH NATIONAL CONGRESS OF THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY: FOREIGN POLICY, TECHNOLOGY AND MILITARY DIMENSIONS

Video Link to this Podcast: https://youtu.be/Aly90z-1-eI https://www.cna.org THE 20TH NATIONAL CONGRESS OF THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY: FOREIGN POLICY, TECHNOLOGY AND MILITARY DIMENSIONS A SITUATION SPOTLIGHT Part of CNA’s National Security Seminars series November 17, 2022 10:30 a.m. – 12:30 p.m. EST Featuring: Dr. David Finkelstein, Vice President, CNA and Director, China and Indo-Pacific Security Affairs Division, CNA (https://www.cna.org/about-us/leadership/center-for-naval-analyses/david-finkelstein.xml) Dr. Elizabeth Wishnick (https://www.cna.org/experts/Wishnick_E.xml), Senior Research Scientist, China Studies Program (https://www.cna.org/centers-and-divisions/cna/cip/china-studies), CNA, and Senior Research Scholar, Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University Dr. April Herlevi (https://www.cna.org/experts/Herlevi_A.xml) Senior Research Scientist, Indo-Pacific Security Affairs Program (https://www.cna.org/centers-and-divisions/cna/cip/indo-pacific-security-affairs), CNA For a recent analysis of the CCP Congress report see our InDepth blog posts by David Finkelstein and Brian Waidelich.
11/24/20221 hour, 29 minutes, 16 seconds
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The Iran Protests and Crackdown

Analysis of the impact of the women-led protests since the death of Mahsa Amini in the custody of the morality police. Is this a new Iranian Revolution led by women? Featuring: Dr. Michael Connell, Principal Research Scientist, Strategy, Policy, Plans, and Programs Division, CNA Nazee Moinian, Non-Resident Scholar, Iran Program, Middle East Institute Moderated by: Nilanthi Samaranayake, Director, Strategy and Policy Analysis Program, CNA With Introductions by: Halleh Seyson, Vice President/Director, Institute for Public Research, CNA A Virtual Seminar by CNA’s Inclusive National Security & National Security Seminar Series October 25, 2022. Full Event: The Crackdown in Iran: A Women, Peace, and Security Situation Spotlight  
11/9/202241 minutes, 8 seconds
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China, the U.S. and the Pacific Islands

The Pacific Islands region is a massive and diverse region, and one with strategic value to both the United States and China. What challenges do the people of the Pacific Island Countries face and how can they navigate strategic competition between the great powers.  April Herlevi and Chris Cairns from CNA’s Indo-Pacific Security Affairs Program, sit down to discuss the latest from the Pacific Islands, and how China and the United States are engaged in the region. Further Reading Army War College: Enabling a More Externally Focused and Operational PLA CNA: Mapping the Information Environment in the Pacific Island Countries CNA: PRC Vessels Detained for Illegal Fishing in Vanuatu EEZ  CNA InDepth: China and the Solomon Islands: Drivers of Security Cooperation"  CNA InDepth: ​Pacific Connectivity and Tonga's Volcanic Eruption CNA InDepth: Tonga Aid
10/26/202227 minutes, 39 seconds
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Brazil's Election: Bolsonaro vs. Lula

Brazil is currently amid a contentious presidential election between incumbent Jair Bolsonaro and former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. President Bolsonaro has consistently claimed that Brazil's election system is vulnerable to fraud, sparking fears that the peaceful transition of power could be threatened. Ralph Espach, from CNA’s Strategy and Policy Analyses Program, joins the show to discuss the Brazilian election, the threat to democracy in the country and what this could mean for U.S. interests in South America.
10/12/202222 minutes, 12 seconds
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Center for Naval Analyses Year in Review

For the past 80 years, the Center for Naval Analyses has been the Navy’s partner and an essential resource for agencies across the federal government. In this episode, Executive Vice President of the Center for Naval Analyses, Andrew Mara sits down to discuss the Center’s accomplishments over the past fiscal year and where the organization is headed in the coming one.
9/28/202227 minutes, 54 seconds
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Afghanistan: The Taliban, ISIS-K and Al Qaeda

It’s been just over a year since the Taliban seized control of Kabul and established themselves as the government of Afghanistan. What has changed in Afghanistan in that time and what is the status of the major factions in the country? CNA’s Jonathan Schroden is joined by three experts on militant groups in Afghanistan, they discuss the status of the Taliban, Al Qaeda and ISIS-K in Afghanistan and the relationships between these groups. Jonathan Schroden is the director of CNA’s Counter Threats and Challenges Program. Twitter: @JJSchroden Amira Jadoon is an assistant professor in the Department of Political Science at Clemson University. Previously she worked at the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point. Twitter: @amirajadoon Asfandyar Mir is a senior expert in the Asia Center at USIP. His research interests include the international relations of South Asia, U.S. counterterrorism policy and political violence — with a regional focus on Afghanistan and Pakistan. Twitter: @asfandyarmir Andrew Watkins is a senior expert on Afghanistan for the U.S. Institute of Peace. He joined after serving as the senior analyst on Afghanistan for the International Crisis Group, where he published in-depth reports and analytical commentary on the country’s conflict and efforts to initiate a peaceful settlement. Twitter: @and_huh_what
9/14/202239 minutes, 52 seconds
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What's Next for Sri Lanka?

In July, the eyes of the world were fixed on Sri Lanka, when protesters stormed the Presidential Palace, demanding the resignation of President Gotabaya Rajapaksa. But while the headlines have since faded, the story is far from over. In this episode of CNA Talks, Nilanthi Samaranayake stops by to fill us in on what has happened in Sri Lanka since the protests and how the new President can address the crisis.  Nilanthi Samaranayake (@nilanthis) directs CNA's Strategy and Policy Analysis Program, her recent analysis of Sri Lanka has been published in Newsweek and Lawfare. Further Reading Newsweek: China's Not to Blame for All of Sri Lanka's Woes Lawfare: How Has Sri Lanka’s Crisis Impacted Indian Ocean Security?  
8/31/202220 minutes, 45 seconds
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The Race for Autonomy: David Broyles on Getting Autonomy to Work for Defense

This content was originally published on BMNT's YouTube Channel. You can find the original video here. In this follow-up conversation to BMNT’s June panel "The Race for Autonomy: Navigating a New Battlefield," A'ndre Gonawela talks to Dr. David Broyles, Research Program Director at the Center for Naval Analysis and co-host of "AI with AI", on the challenges facing the Department of Defense when it comes to developing and leveraging autonomous systems and capabilities. Dr. Broyles digs into why he (like our prior panelists) believes the state of autonomy today is ‘brittle’, and why the end goal for many is ‘general AI’ – the ability for artificial intelligence to behave and adapt like human intelligence can. We discuss Dr. Broyles’ belief that an ‘AI Winter’ may be approaching, where momentum in the development of systems is slowed or even halted. We then dig into where the Department of Defense is on the racetrack, dissecting the lingering confusion that underlies the differences between unmanned systems and autonomous systems, and how we can better equip DoD leaders in understanding how autonomous systems can operate. Dr. Broyles highlights opportunities to build trust in autonomous systems with the warfighter, in addition to addressing the edge cases and ‘fat tails’ that can impede the success of autonomous vehicles.   You can read about our first panel here: https://www.bmnt.com/post/the-race-for-autonomy-is-here Notes from Episode General consensus of state of autonomy is that it is brittle, and still in infancy when it comes to DoD Bigger debate in AI community – end state is general AI, equivalent to human intelligence, adaptable to environment, and process things like a human can. What are the tools to go about this? Two camps that disagree with each other: Neural network reward: Can employ larger neural networks, dump more data, put more processing power, and have reward schemes. Symbolic logic camps – need ways to encode information in symbols that machines can manipulate at higher levels of aggregation. Still trying to figure out the things we really need to make these things work and get rid of the bugs. AI Winter? There have been periods where the momentum in AI development stopped – last one in early 2000s, influenced by availability of graphical processing capabilities (large computational power being dumped on the problem) Are we coming to the limits of the tools and capabilities we’ve developed? Margins of incremental improvements are diminishing. AVs are a bellwether of progress – if progress isn’t delivered in tangible ways, market could lose interest, meaning less financial investment. AI Summer? Alexnet winning image recognition competition in 2014 was first real success of neural networks, motivated community at large, many developments between 2014 through 2019. People were trying many different tools. Where’s DOD with developing/leveraging autonomous systems? It’s hard to pinpoint where they are on the racetrack. Confusion between unmanned and autonomous systems – can be communicated unclearly, sometimes unmanned systems are mistakenly attributed as autonomous when they aren’t. First major step is for DoD to employ more unmanned systems – it’s been slow, but CNO actually incorporating uncrewed systems into their force structure direction is a significant step. Lots of little things here and there are going on but there’s nothing being coordinate in a big way. CDAO (Chief Digital AI Office, former JAIC), is trying to play a role here but there’s more ways in which they can step in. Ensuring trust for warfighters? You can either not have enough trust, or you can overtrust, and the latter gets less attention – the example here is Tesla’s autopilot system being overtrusted and then getting involved in deadly crashes. Need to get autonomous systems into the hands of the warfighters – biggest priority. Need to communicate the capabilities better to an operator, need to ensure that the operator can have other cues and/or ways of interacting with the system. Do our DoD leaders understand how autonomous systems can be used/leveraged and how they work? Can we work to educate them quickly? Area of high concern, and cyber discussions are indicative of the difficulties that could be faced as senior leaders have taken some time to embrace and understand the technologies. Very small number of senior leaders who have a good idea of what’s going on, and larger number with staff who know what they’re talking about, but there’s issues with proposals promising to develop tech that simply won’t happen. People in approval chain may not understand that these things won’t work Arming senior leaders with the key questions, but that’s a bandaid – we need more people with basic understandings of how these technologies work. This does not necessarily mean we hire computer scientists, but DoD can work internally to raise the floor on level of understanding – and these areas are beginning to slowly come up to speed. Addressing edge cases? Fat tails – distribution of things that you may run into, most of the stuff is going to fall into a general bin, but there’ll be edge cases that’ll extend. What happens if a plastic bag runs into a screen of an AV? Uber and others couldn’t just throw hundreds or millions of hours of driving data to fix this. Solution is General AI – we can’t throw fat tail problems into same bucket. Running simulations still runs into the same problem, and throwing info won’t solve it. There really is no good answer, there’s not been a good articulation of the answer. We’re trying to minimize the edge cases as best we can. However, alternatives like smart roads and sensors can provide added information to help prevent accidents or minimize disruptions in environment. Experimentation – What’s Commercial doing that DoD is not doing? Mechanics around how to do things are the primary thing that can hinder experimentation. There’s a strange acquisition ecosystem that isn’t always friendly to innovative ideas going through standard program office processes. Policy Lagging Behind on Autonomous Systems? There are some new technologies falling under clear regulation – and as long as it doesn’t cause any other problem, but because these technologies are so wide ranging they can cause issues. You can forecast some of these things, but there’s always an unexpected bit. Is there a general philosophy on how to handle this? There’ll always be questions on privacy and safety. Is DoD adequately reaching out to small businesses? It is happening, but biggest barrier (in his view) is DoD contracting and being able to decipher postings, requirements, forms, and etc. Need to take a quantitative approach to assessing effectiveness of this.
8/18/202247 minutes, 17 seconds
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CNA Talks Delayed

Hi Listeners, Due to technical difficulties, CNA Talks will be released tomorrow, August 18. Thank you all for your patience. 
8/17/20220
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New Tools for a New Navy

As the Navy transitions to the new Detailing Marketplace Assignment Policy increased demand will be placed on its detailers. In today’s episode, we discuss a new tool from CNA which could help expedite the assignment process and help detailers execute their mission. Biographies Warren Sutton is a Senior Research Scientist in CNA’s Navy Human Resources Program. Further Reading Navy Enlisted Detailing Marketplace Assignment Algorithm
8/3/202220 minutes, 26 seconds
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The Most Challenging Recruiting Year on Record?

Every branch of the military is struggling to meet its fiscal year 2022 recruiting goals. Marine General David Ottignon recently told Congress that 2022 is “arguably the most challenging recruiting year since the inception of the all-volunteer force.” In this episode, we explore what is driving these challenges and how the military can adapt its recruiting strategizes to the modern media environment. Guests Elizabeth Clelan is a Principal Research Scientist in CNA’s ​Marine Corps and Defense Workforce Program. Heather Wolters is a Senior Research Scientist in CNA’s Marine Corps and Defense Workforce Program. Jared Huff is a Principal Research Scientist in CNA’s Navy Human Resources Program. Advertisement Strategy, Policy and Analysis Program
7/20/202228 minutes, 36 seconds
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Rebroadcast: Getting Disaster Aid Where It’s Needed Most

This week we are bringing you a rebroadcast of Episode 108, to coincide with CNA's recent case study on the same topic.  As climate change increases the frequency and impact of natural disasters, the consequences of these events are not felt evenly. While disasters are devastating for everyone, they are exponentially worse for already vulnerable populations. In this episode of CNA Talks, CNA’s Angie De Groot sits down with Jason Biermann and Jody Ferguson, emergency management professionals from the Pudget Sound region, in Washington. They discuss an innovative approach that priorities getting aid to their most vulnerable citizens, with the help of their private sector partners. A Case Study in Supply Chain Resilience Private-public Collaboration To Facilitate Flows: The Experience of Puget Sound Early in the Pandemic
7/6/202230 minutes, 39 seconds
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Nuclear Policy After the War in Ukraine

Since the end of the Cold War, the threat of nuclear weapons has largely faded from popular consciousness. However, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and President Vladimir Putin’s nuclear threats have brought the issue back into focus. In this episode of CNA Talks, we are discussing nuclear policy and strategy, and how things have shifted since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Experts Timothy McDonnell is a research analyst in CNA's Strategy and Policy Analysis program, where he studies nuclear weapons policy, and nuclear strategy. Mary Chesnut is an Associate Research Analyst in CNA’s Russia Studies Program, where she studies Russian nuclear weapons and nuclear strategy. Further Reading Prevailing Under the Nuclear Shadow: A New Framework for U.S. Escalation Management Russian Strategy for Escalation Management: Key Debates and Players in Military Thought
6/22/202228 minutes, 53 seconds
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A New Vision for Special Operations Forces

Since the start of the global war on terror in 2001, U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF) have been laser-focused on counterterrorism. But as the Department of Defense shifts its priorities to great-power competition Special Operations Command (SOCOM), is adapting to fit this new mission. In this episode of CNA Talks, experts on Special Operations Forces sit down to discuss the Special Operations Command’s Vision and Strategy document. Biographies Jonathan Schroden is the Director of CNA's Special Ops Research Program. He recently directed a congressionally mandated assessment of special operations force structure. Thomas Trask is a Senior Fellow in CNA’s Countering Threats and Challenges Program and a former Vice Commander of U.S. Special Operations Command. Alexander Powell is a Research Scientist with CNA’s Countering Threats and Challenges Program. He is an expert on terrorist group tactics, counterterrorism, and special operations forces
6/8/202243 minutes, 49 seconds
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Left of Boom Podcast: Meet the Real Charlie from 'Top Gun' (rebroadcast)

This episode originally aired on September 3, 2020. Sometimes truth is more interesting than fiction. Christine Fox was a CNA analyst working at the Navy's legendary fighter school in Miramar, California when a Hollywood producer decided she'd be the perfect inspiration for Tom Cruise's love interest in the 1986 blockbuster "Top Gun." But that was just the start of Fox's incredible career -- she'd go on to become the most senior woman at the Pentagon, serving under multiple defense secretaries. In this episode, she talks about her role in the "Top Gun" legacy, and what it means to her to have been a trailblazing woman in national security. Hear more from Christine Fox: Analysis in Combat: The Legacy of Desert Storm
6/3/202233 minutes, 31 seconds
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The Future of Unmanned Systems

Drones once an exclusive tool of the military, are spreading throughout our society. Hobbyists use them for photography, businesses are exploring them as a tool to make deliveries, and local and state governments are exploring how they could be used for public safety. But at the same time, we’ve seen the rise of another new paradigm, the threat of cyberattacks. How can we ensure that these technologies are implemented in ways that increase public safety while ensuring that they are safe and secure? In this episode, CNA analysts Steven Habicht, Adam Monsalve, and Addam Jordan discuss their award-winning research on unmanned aerial systems.   Steven Habicht is the director of CNA’s Center for Enterprise Systems Modernization. Addam Jordan is the Chief Scientist of CNA’s Center for Enterprise Systems Modernization. Adam Monsalve is a Lead Cybersecurity and Unmanned Aerial Systems Analyst. CNA's Center for Data Management and Analytics: https://www.cna.org/centers-and-divisions/ipr/dma CNA's Center for Enterprise Systems Modernization: https://www.cna.org/centers-and-divisions/ipr/esm  
5/25/202221 minutes, 5 seconds
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The PLA's Role in China's COVID-19 Response

Like many militaries, China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) played a role in their COVID-19 relief efforts. What do these operations show us about the PLA’s domestic and international capabilities? In this episode of CNA Talks, Heidi Holz and Brian Waidelich discuss their recent report on this topic. Heidi Holz is a Senior Research Scientist in the CNA China Studies program. Her research interests include PRC maritime policies and activities, and Chinese military doctrine and operations. Brian Waidelich is a Research Scientist in CNA's Indo-Pacific Security Affairs Program. His research focuses on the People's Liberation Army (PLA) organization and Indo-Pacific maritime and space security issues. Rx PLA: The PLA Medical System’s Role in China’s Efforts to Fight COVID-19 CNA InDepth: Tonga Aid
5/11/202229 minutes, 48 seconds
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China’s Polar Silk Road Through the Arctic

As China seeks to expand its presence in the Arctic, it is important for observers to understand its motivations and how it fits into its larger global strategy. In this episode CNA analysts Heidi Holz and Andrew Taffer join John Stimpson, to discuss what the arctic means to Beijing, what it hopes to accomplish there and some unexpected obstacles to its objectives. Heidi Holz is a Senior Research Scientist in the CNA China Studies program. Her research interests include PRC maritime policies and activities, and Chinese military doctrine and operations. Andrew Taffer is a Research Scientist Indo-Pacific Security Affairs program.
4/27/202221 minutes, 14 seconds
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Is China Investing in the Arctic?

China has consistently used foreign direct investment to increase its power and influence around the globe and has set its sights on the Arctic. These investments can be incredibly useful to smaller states but may also pose risks to their national security. In this episode of CNA Talks, Cornell Overfield and Rebecca Wolfson join John Stimpson to discuss China’s foreign direct investment in the Arctic States, what mechanisms are in place to protect their national security interests, and what the international community can do to expand these protections.  Cornell Overfield is an Associate Research Analyst with CNA’s Strategy, Policy and Analysis Program. Rebecca Wolfson is a Regulatory Analyst with CNA’s Office of the General Counsel.     Related Materials Arctic Prospecting: Measuring China’s Arctic Economic Footprint: https://www.cna.org/CNA_files/PDF/arctic-prospecting.pdf Foreign Direct Investment Screening in the Arctic: https://www.cna.org/CNA_files/PDF/foreign-direct-investment-screening-in-the-arctic.pdf Exploring the Relationship between China’s Investment in the Arctic and Its National Strategy: https://www.cna.org/CNA_files/PDF/exploring-the-relationship-beween-chinas-arctic-investment-and-its-national-strategy.pdf Arctic Economic Security: Recommendations for Safeguarding Arctic Nations against China’s Economic Statecraft: https://www.cna.org/CNA_files/PDF/arctic-economic-security.pdf  
4/13/202226 minutes, 14 seconds
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Getting Disaster Aid Where It’s Needed Most

As climate change increases the frequency and impact of natural disasters, the consequences of these events are not felt evenly. While disasters are devastating for everyone, they are exponentially worse for already vulnerable populations. In this episode of CNA Talks, CNA’s Angie De Groot sits down with Jason Biermann and Jody Ferguson, emergency management professionals from the Pudget Sound region, in Washington. They discuss an innovative approach that priorities getting aid to their most vulnerable citizens, with the help of their private sector partners.   Jason M Biermann is the Director of the Snohomish County (WA) Department of Emergency Management. He has supported the response and recovery efforts to multiple disasters including the first confirmed case of COVID-19 in the United States in January 2020. Jody Ferguson is the Director of Emergency Management for Pierce County Emergency Management, the second-largest county in Washington State and is the Sponsoring Agency Chief for Washington Task Force One, one of FEMA’s 28 urban search and rescue teams. Angie De Groot is a senior research scientist with CNA's Institute for Public Research. In 2019, she led the planning for a new emergency support function under the National Response Framework, created by the Federal Emergency Management Agency to promote the stabilization of critical lifelines.
3/30/202230 minutes, 39 seconds
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What Is the Future of COVID-19?

As new cases of COVID-19 continue to fall in the U.S., experts have begun to predict that the virus is shifting from a pandemic to an endemic. But while states all over the country have rolled back restrictions and mandates intended to slow the spread of the virus, it is something that we will continue to live with for the foreseeable future. In this episode of CNA Talks Eric Trabert and Yang Li, of CNA’s Center for Public Health Preparedness and Resilience, sit down to discuss what this new period of the pandemic means for the public, and what the work of public health practitioners might look like going forward. Eric Trabert is the Director of CNA’s Center for Public Health Preparedness and Resilience. He has evaluated the public health and medical responses to the 2014-2016 Ebola virus disease epidemic and the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. Yang Li is a Senior Research Scientist with CNA's Institute for Public Research. His research includes assessments of past real-world public health emergencies, the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, and he has authored publications jointly with researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Yang also represents CNA on the Global Health Security Agenda Consortium (GHSAC) as a Steering Committee member.
3/16/202224 minutes, 51 seconds
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A Checklist for Ethical Autonomy

As militaries around the world begin to integrate more autonomous systems into their ranks, nations have been asking themselves how to ensure that these systems follow the laws of war. To start to answer this question, Don Boroughs sits down with Jason Stack from the Office of Naval Research and CNA analyst Mike Stumborg. They discuss Mike’s recent report which provides a checklist for ethical autonomy. Follow the link below to read the report. https://www.cna.org/CNA_files/PDF/Dimensions-of-Autonomous-Decision-making.pdf Jason Stack is a Director at the Office of Naval Research. He has led autonomy projects both at the Office of Naval Research and as the Chair of the Autonomous Systems Strategy Development Team. Mike Stumborg is Principal Research Scientist with CNA’s ​Strike and Air Warfare Program.
3/2/202231 minutes, 28 seconds
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The Financial Collapse in Afghanistan

Last summer, following the collapse of the U.S.-backed government in Afghanistan, the Taliban seized control of the country. In the months since Afghanistan’s economy has been devested by the Taliban’s policies and by international sanctions against the country.    On this episode of CNA Talks Jon Schroden welcomes economists Torek Farhadi and Bill Byrd, to discuss this crisis and what can be done to alienate it.   Jonathan Schroden is the Director of CNA’s Countering Threats and Challenges Program. Torek Farhadi is a former senior advisor to the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. He has discussed Afghan economic, security and humanitarian issues with the BBC, NPR and USA Today. Bill Byrd is a developmental economist with the U.S. Institute of Peace. He previously served as the World Bank’s country manager for Afghanistan.
2/16/202235 minutes, 48 seconds
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Putin, Raisi and Their Common Enemy

In response to Russia’s buildup of troops on Ukraine’s border, the U.S. and its European partners have threatened crippling sanctions if Russia were to invade. As this situation evolves, another leader familiar with the cost of sanctions arrived in Russia on January 19: Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi. On this episode of CNA Talks, Iran expert Mike Connell and Russia analyst Julian Waller discuss the consequences of that meeting and its likely geopolitical impact.   Listener Note: In this episode, Iran Nuclear Deal and JCPOA are used interchangeably. CNA’s Mike Connell is an expert on the armed forces of Iran and Persian Gulf Security issues. Julian Waller is an analyst with CNA’s Russia Studies program.  
2/2/202223 minutes, 46 seconds
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The Scale of China's Illegal Fishing

China is one of the most powerful countries on the planet and its influence on the global economy is well known. However, many people may not realize that China has the largest distance water fishing fleet on the planet and is considered by non-governmental organizations to be the largest contributor to illegal fishing. In this episode, CNA analyst Ryan Loomis and Heidi Holz join John Stimpson to discuss the scale and impact of illegal fishing, the other illicit activities that accompany it, and the impact on the nations whose sovereignty is violated by these practices. Heidi Holz is a research scientist in CNA’s China Studies Division, specializing in PRC maritime policies and activities, particularly those related to the South China Sea. Ryan Loomis is a Research Analyst at CNA’s China Studies Division, specializing in PRC actors' behavior in the maritime domain, and PRC media responses to US operations and activities worldwide. CNA Report: Exposing the Gap Between PRC Rhetoric and Illicit Maritime Activity: https://www.cna.org/centers/cna/cip/china/prc-maritime
1/19/202229 minutes, 19 seconds
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Racial Extremism in the Military

In the wake of last year's attack on the U.S. Capitol, the participation of former and current members of the military called attention to the threat posed by racial extremism in the ranks. In this episode of CNA Talks, we are bringing you an interview with Megan McBride on her report “Racial Extremism in the Military a Continuum of Harm,” which seeks to give DOD the tools to mitigate this threat.   This interview originally aired on the radio program “A Closer Look with Pam Atherton.” Pam Atherton is a veteran radio host, in addition to being a performance/presentation coach.  You can catch more of her interviews on ACloserLookRadio.com" Megan McBride is a research analyst in CNA's Center for Stability and Development. She is an expert on international security issues including terrorism, radicalization, and ideological violence and has conducted and published research on domestic and international terrorism. Further Reading CNA Report: Racial Extremism in the Military: A Continuum of Harm - https://www.cna.org/CNA_files/PDF/Racial-Extremism-in-the-Military-A-Continuum-of-Harm.pdf  
1/5/202222 minutes, 52 seconds
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Rebroadcast: 4 Types of Innovation

Ariel Klein and Kaia Haney join John Stimpson to discuss their new framework for the four types of innovation, sustaining, breakthrough, disruptive and comprehensive. They explain how the Navy and other organizations can use the framework to identify what types of innovation they want and how they can organize to achieve it. CNA Report: How to Think about Innovation: https://www.cna.org/CNA_files/pdf/How-to-Think-about-Innovation.pdf
12/22/202126 minutes, 57 seconds
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The Scientific Method for Staffing and More

When scientists test a hypothesis, they set up an experiment, control for external variables and refine their hypothesis based on their results. CNA’s service StaffLab makes this toolset available to executives to help refine and test their ideas for staffing, organizational reform, and more. In this episode of CNA Talks, Margaux Hoar and Kelly Diaz join John Stimpson to discuss how StaffLab uses workshops, wargames, and other methods to help leaders achieve their vision for their organizations. StaffLab Homepage: https://www.cna.org/stafflab/ Margaux Hoar directs the Organizations, Roles, and Missions research program at CNA. Her team conducts organizational, process, and command and control analyses, which provide tailored, transformative solutions to support the vision of CNA's sponsors. Kelly Diaz is a Research Scientist at CNA and an expert in organizational design and management, specifically for DoD offices and commands. She focuses on issues of command and control, readiness and training, and wargaming.
12/8/202130 minutes, 49 seconds
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The Strategic Value of Maritime Sabotage

For centuries, sabotage has been a tool of war, but what role does it serve in today’s environment where great powers compete in the shadows and non-state actors are important global players. On this episode of CNA Talks, CNA analysts, Alex Powell and Annaleah Westerhaug join John Stimpson to discuss their report, “Maritime Sabotage: Lessons Learned and Implications for Strategic Competition.” Alex Powell is a Research Analyst on CNA’s Countering Threats and Challenges program. His work has focused on issues pertaining to special operations forces (SOF) as well as violent extremist organizations. His research on SOF has encompassed issues ranging from the strategic down to the tactical levels Annaleah Westerhaug is Research Assistant with CNA’s Strategy and Policy Analysis Program. Her research portfolio includes Chinese illegal unregulated fishing, Women peace and security in the Pacific Islands, Nuclear posture, Gender in counterterrorism and violent extremism, and Maritime sabotage. Maritime Sabotage: Lessons Learned and Implications for Strategic Competition: https://www.cna.org/CNA_files/PDF/Maritime-Sabotage-Lessons-Learned-and-Implications-for-Strategic-Competition.pdf
11/10/202121 minutes, 45 seconds
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The National Security Ecosystem Model

In the modern economy businesses, NGOs and governments are interconnected and interdependent. In this ecosystem it is not enough for these actors to understand their own objectives and capabilities, they must also understand those of their partners and competitors. In this episode of CNA Talks, CNA analysts Kelly Diaz and Alison Vernon discuss how business ecosystems models can be adapted and applied to issues of national security. Alison Vernon is a Senior Research Scientist in CNA’s Organizations, Roles and Missions team. Her focus has been primarily on C2 issues, naval integration, and using ecosystems to find solutions to difficult national security challenges. Kelly Diaz is a Research Scientist in CNA’s Organizations, Roles and Missions team. She is an expert in organizational design and management, specifically for DoD offices and commands. She focuses on issues of command and control, readiness and training, and wargaming.
10/27/202123 minutes, 22 seconds
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CNA Talks: Listener Survey

CNA Talks wants to hear from you. We are conducting a survey to learn more about you, what you like about the show, and where you think we can improve. If you have a few minutes, we'd really appreciate your feedback! https://forms.gle/kKakxggL56mhMGaB7
10/18/202118 seconds
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How New Mexico Prepared for COVID-19

Federal, State and local agencies regularly use exercises to prepare for natural disasters including pandemics. In 2019, many of these entities and private sector partners participated in the scenario Crimson Contagion, which was meant to test how the U.S. government would respond to a novel influenza pandemic spreading through the U.S. Sound familiar? On this episode of CNA Talks, Chris Emory, the Bureau Chief of Health Emergency Management within in the New Mexico Department of Health, and Cynthia Holmes who served as the coordinator for New Mexico’s Joint Information Center for the first 200 of the COVID response join CNA analysts Dawn Thomas and Eric Trabert. They discuss how lessons learned from Crimson Contagion shaped New Mexico’s response to COVID-19. Dawn Thomas is the co-director of CNA’s Center for Emergency Management Operations. Dawn has written, executed and evaluated more than 60 exercises, in the fields of health and medical operations, animal disease and public health. Eric Trabert is the Director of CNA’s Center for Public Health Preparedness and Resilience. He has evaluated the public health responses to more than a dozen emergencies, including the 2014-2016 Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic, and the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. Chris Emory is the Bureau Chief of the Bureau of Health Emergency Management within the New Mexico Department of Health. Cynthia Holmes is currently an instructor with NCBRT out of Louisiana State University. Before this position, she served as the training and exercise manager for the New Mexico Department of Homeland Security and Emergency Management. During this time, she served as the coordinator for the Joint Information Center for the first 200 days of the COVID Response.
10/6/202134 minutes, 26 seconds
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Rebroadcast: China as a Twenty-First Century Naval Power

Rear Admiral Mike McDevitt (ret.) sits down with Kevin Pollpeter to discuss his book, “China as a Twenty-First Century Naval Power.” They cover topics including China’s military presence abroad, the dispute over the South China Sea, and how the U.S. can continue to support its allies in the region. Rear Adm. Michael McDevitt (retired) is a senior fellow at CNA. During his 34-year naval career, McDevitt held four at-sea commands, including command of an aircraft carrier battle group. He spent all of his operational time in the Pacific, including a two-year assignment in Sasebo, Japan. McDevitt was Chief of Naval Operations Strategic Studies Group Fellow at the Naval War College. Kevin Pollpeter is a research scientist in the CNA China Studies Program. He is an internationally recognized expert on China's space program and is widely published on Chinese national security issues, focusing on Chinese military modernization, China's defense industry, and Chinese views on information warfare.
9/22/202127 minutes, 36 seconds
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The Collapse of the Afghan Security Forces (Part 2)

In part two of their discussion, CNA counterterrorism experts Alex Powell and Jon Schroden sit down with James Cunningham the lead author for two comprehensive lessons learned reports published by the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR).  They discuss some positive takeaways from the development of the Afghan National Security Forces and what lessons the U.S. government can learn from Afghanistan. Timestamps by Topic 1:17: Were there effective approaches to developing the Afghan National Security Forces? 7:05: What lessons should the U.S. government learn from Afghanistan? 12:59: Will the U.S. government make any actionable change because of these lessons? Guest Biographies James Cunningham is the lead author and project lead for two comprehensive lessons learned reports published by the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction focused on reconstructing the ANDSF.  For over 16 years, James has worked Afghanistan-related issues as a member of the Intelligence community and providing independent oversight of U.S. reconstruction programming. Jonathan Schroden is the Director of CNA's Countering Threats and Challenges Program (CTCP), whose mission is to support US government efforts to better understand and counter state and non-state threats and challenges. Schroden has deployed or traveled to Afghanistan 13 times. Alex Powell is an expert on terrorist group tactics, counterterrorism, and special operations forces (SOF).  He has worked extensively on security issues in Afghanistan, traveling there numerous times to conduct assessments of the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces. Additional Resources SIGAR Website: https://www.sigar.mil/ Divided Responsibility: Lessons from U.S. Security Sector Assistance Efforts in Afghanistan, June 2019 (https://www.sigar.mil/pdf/lessonslearned/SIGAR-19-39-LL.pdf) Reconstructing the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces: Lessons from the U.S. Experience in Afghanistan, September 2017 (https://www.sigar.mil/pdf/lessonslearned/SIGAR-17-62-LL.pdf)
9/8/202118 minutes, 11 seconds
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The Collapse of the Afghan Security Forces (Part 1)

In this episode, CNA counterterrorism experts Alex Powell and Jon Schroden sit down with James Cunningham the lead author for two comprehensive lessons learned reports published by the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR).  They discuss the collapse of the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF) in the face of the Taliban offensive, how the Taliban were able to take territory with so little resistance and problems with how the U.S. military trained the ANDSF. Guest Biographies James Cunningham is the lead author and project lead for two comprehensive lessons learned reports published by the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction focused on reconstructing the ANDSF.  For over 16 years, James has worked Afghanistan-related issues as a member of the Intelligence community and providing independent oversight of U.S. reconstruction programming. Jonathan Schroden is the Director of CNA's Countering Threats and Challenges Program (CTCP), whose mission is to support US government efforts to better understand and counter state and non-state threats and challenges. Schroden has deployed or traveled to Afghanistan 13 times. Alex Powell is an expert on terrorist group tactics, counterterrorism, and special operations forces (SOF).  He has worked extensively on security issues in Afghanistan, traveling there numerous times to conduct assessments of the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces. Additional Resources SIGAR Website: https://www.sigar.mil/ Divided Responsibility: Lessons from U.S. Security Sector Assistance Efforts in Afghanistan, June 2019 (https://www.sigar.mil/pdf/lessonslearned/SIGAR-19-39-LL.pdf) Reconstructing the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces: Lessons from the U.S. Experience in Afghanistan, September 2017 (https://www.sigar.mil/pdf/lessonslearned/SIGAR-17-62-LL.pdf)  
9/1/202133 minutes, 42 seconds
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A Belt and Road Through Afghanistan?

The collapse of the Afghan government to Taliban fighters has prompted the U.S. and its allies to evacuate their citizens from the country. However, China has bucked the trend by leaving its embassy in Kabul open and suggesting that it is interested in a cooperative relationship with the Taliban. CNA analyst, Brian Waidelich joins John Stimpson, to discuss how China has a history of playing both sides when it comes to Afghan and how they might leverage their existing relationship with the Taliban to further their interests in the region. CNA Report-Beyond Belt and Road: https://www.cna.org/research/OBOR Brian Waidelich is a Research Scientist in CNA’s Indo-Pacific Security Affairs Program. His research interests include Chinese foreign policy and security affairs, as well as strategic competition.
8/25/202125 minutes, 35 seconds
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4 Types of Innovation

Ariel Klein and Kaia Haney join John Stimpson to discuss their new framework for the four types of innovation, sustaining, breakthrough, disruptive and comprehensive.  They explain how the Navy and other organizations can use the framework to identify what types of innovation they want and how they can organize to achieve it.   Ariel Klein is a Senior Research Scientist with CNA’s Organizational Roles and Mission Operations Program. Kara Haney is a research intern at CNA. She is currently pursuing her master’s at Georgetown’s Walsh School of Foreign Service. CNA Report: How to Think about Innovation: https://www.cna.org/CNA_files/PDF/How-to-Think-about-Innovation.pdf  
8/11/202126 minutes, 50 seconds
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The U.S. Departs Afghanistan

On this episode of CNA Talks, Jonathan Schroden and Carter Malkasian join Elizabeth Cutler to discuss the ongoing U.S. troop withdrawal from Afghanistan. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
7/28/202130 minutes, 39 seconds
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China and Iran's Pact

On this episode of CNA Talks, we are covering the Strategic Cooperation Agreement between Iran and China which was signed on March 27, 2021. CNA analysts Mike Connell and Jeffrey Becker discuss the provisions of this deal, what both sides hope to get out of it, and what it means for the United States. CNA Report: Beyond Belt and Road: https://www.cna.org/research/OBOR Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
7/14/202131 minutes, 32 seconds
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Resiliency in the Age of Cyber-Attacks

On this episode of CNA Talks, Jamie Biglow and Lars Hanson from CNA welcome Shawn Talmadge Deputy Secretary of public safety and homeland security for Virginia. Together the three of them discuss how states can protect their critical infrastructure in the age of cyber-attacks. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
6/30/202132 minutes, 13 seconds
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Crisis Como Siempre (Crisis as Always)

On this episode of CNA Talks, Ralph Espach welcomes Joseph Tulchin of the WWICS Group and Román Ortiz of the National Defense University. Together they discuss the current security situation in Latin America, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the rise of China in the region. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
6/16/202133 minutes, 48 seconds
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Polar Politics: Arctic Identities and the Great Powers

This time on our Polar Politics occasional series, Josh Tallis sits down with Dr. Cameron Carlson of the University of Alaska Fairbanks and Dr. Elizabeth Wishnick of Montclair State University. They discuss the idea of Arctic identities in The Arctic states, how they compare between different nations, and their impact on great power competition in the region.   Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
6/2/202140 minutes, 51 seconds
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Beyond Representation: Identifying Systemic Bias in the Military

In this episode of CNA Talks, Elizabeth Clelan, Anita Hattiangadi, Yancey Hrobowski and Amanda Kraus discuss what big data can tell us about systemic bias in the military and how this can be applied to our institutions more broadly. The 2018 Population Representation in the Military Services is available here: https://www.cna.org/research/pop-rep Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
5/19/202122 minutes, 57 seconds
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September 11, 2021

On this episode of CNA Talks, Jonathan Schroden and Alex Powell discuss the plan to withdraw U.S. troops from Afghanistan by September 11, 2021. They cover the logistics of the withdrawal, how the Afghan Security Forces will operate without U.S. forces, and what this means for Afghanistan's future.  Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
5/5/202131 minutes, 23 seconds
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Reentering the Iran Nuclear Deal

On this episode of CNA Talks, Dr. Michael Connell provides a primer on the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, the current negotiations attempting to bring the United States and Iran back into compliance, and how the suspected Israeli attack on the Natanz nuclear facility has impacted them. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
4/21/202116 minutes, 57 seconds
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Viral Extremism

Pamela Faber and Megan McBride sit down with David Knoll to discuss their new report Viral Extremism, which examines how Violent Extremist Organizations (VEOs) are capitalizing on the COVID-19 pandemic. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
4/7/202127 minutes, 34 seconds
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China as a Twenty First Century Naval Power

Rear Admiral Mike McDevitt (ret.) sits down with Kevin Pollpeter to discuss his book, “China as a Twenty First Century Naval Power.” They cover topics including China’s military presences abroad, the dispute over the South China Sea, and how the U.S. can continue to support its allies in the region. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
3/24/202127 minutes, 23 seconds
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Analysis in Combat: The Legacy of Desert Storm

In recognition of the 30th anniversary of Desert Storm, CNA Talks presents Analysis in Combat. On our final episode, Admiral Arthur and Christine Fox sit down to discuss CNA’s reconstruction of Operation Desert Storm. This effort examined all the data that CNA analysts gathered during the operation, looking for lessons on how the Navy could learn from it. For more information about CNA’s analysis in Desert Storm please visit our Analysis in Combat page.
3/10/202128 minutes, 33 seconds
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Analysis in Combat: Operation Desert Saber

In recognition of the 30th anniversary of Desert Storm, CNA Talks presents Analysis in Combat. On this episode, you’ll hear about the story of the amphibious landing that never was. You’ll hear from Admiral Stanley Arthur who was the commander of Naval Forces Central Command during the conflict, Major General Harry Jenkins who was the commander of Marine Forces 4th Marine Expeditionary Brigade and Dr. Marvin Pokrant who served as the CNA field representative assigned to Naval Forces Central Command. For more information about CNA’s analysis in Desert Storm please visit our Analysis in Combat page. The story in this episode's introduction was adapted from, "Desert Storm at Sea: What the Navy Really Did," by Dr. Marvin Pokrant. 
3/3/202130 minutes, 46 seconds
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Polar Politics: A Blue Arctic

This week on our Polar Politics occasional series, Josh Tallis sits down with Walter Berbrick, one of the lead authors of the U.S. Navy’s new Arctic Strategy titled “A Blue Arctic.” Walter is an associate professor at the Naval War College. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
2/24/202140 minutes, 26 seconds
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Analysis in Combat: First to the Front

August 2nd 1990, Iraqi troops invade Kuwait, sweep aside its army and occupy the nation.    To deter further aggression, President George HW Bush deploys the Marines to Saudi Arabia. Some of the forces board amphibious ships, which will arrive in the Persian Gulf over 5 weeks later. But the 7th Marine Expeditionary Brigade deploys using a novel approach never before tested in wartime. Just 12 days later the unit’s 15,000 Marines, flanked by their tanks, helicopters and artillery are in position and ready for combat. On this episode of Analysis in Combat, Bill Morgan and Mark Geis discuss how the Maritime Prepositioning Forces made such this rapid deployment possible. For more information about CNA’s analysis in Desert Storm please visit our Analysis in Combat page.
2/10/202141 minutes, 18 seconds
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Analysis in Combat: Desert Storm at Sea

This episode of Analysis in Combat tells the stories of two CNA analysts who were assigned to command ships during Desert Storm. Robert Ward was stationed aboard USS John F. Kennedy, the flagship of the Red Sea Battle Force, commanded by Rear Admiral Mixson. And Steve Karrpi was stationed aboard USS America, the flagship of Cruiser Destroyer Group Two, commanded by Rear Admiral Katz. For more information about CNA’s analysis in Desert Storm please visit our Analysis in Combat page. Related Links Battle Group Zulu photograph.
1/27/202135 minutes, 21 seconds
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Analysis in Combat: The Story of Desert Storm

In recognition of the 30th anniversary of Desert Storm, CNA Talks presents “Analysis in Combat. In this mini-series we’ll be bringing you interviews with CNA field representatives, military officers and historians about the conflict and the impact of CNA’s field program on the war effort. On this episode, Dr. Steve Wills, CNA’s resident naval historian join us to tell the story of the Navy’s role in the first Gulf War. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
1/13/202135 minutes, 42 seconds
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Rebroadcast: COVID-19- Lessons from Past Outbreaks

Eric Trabert and Amanda Kerrigan, sit down to discuss lessons from past outbreaks that can help us counter the Coronavirus. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
1/7/202132 minutes, 29 seconds
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Rebroadcast: Diversity & Inclusion in Wargaming

This episode originally aired on August 5, 2020.  On this episode of CNA Talks, CNA's Dr. Chris Ma discusses the Derby House Principles on Diversity and Inclusion in Professional Wargamming with their creators: Dr. Yuna Wong of the Institute for Defense Analyses, Professor Rex Brynen of McGill University, and Sally Davis of the UK Ministry of Defence. Derby House Principles: https://paxsims.wordpress.com/derby-house-principles/ Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
12/23/202030 minutes, 19 seconds
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COVID-19 in Latin America

Ralph Espach, director of analysis on Latin American political-military-strategic issues at CNA, sits down with Javier Melendez, director of the Central American research group Expediente Abierto; and Román Ortiz, vice president of the Cordillera Applications Group Corporation. They discuss the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic in Latin America and what the crisis means for regional politics and security in the coming years. Click here for the Spanish language companion podcast. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
12/9/202032 minutes, 2 seconds
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Polar Politics: Rule of Law at the Poles (Part 2)

On the latest episode of our occasional series, Polar Politics, Josh Tallis sits down with Mark Rosen and Cornell Overfield. They discuss how the Law of the Sea is applied in the Arctic, and examine the territorial disputes in the region. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
11/25/202038 minutes, 22 seconds
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How China Acquires Foreign Technology

On this episode of CNA Talks, Amanda Kerrigan, April Herlevi and Rose Tenyotkin of CNA’s China and Indo-Pacific Security Affairs Division, discuss how China legally acquires foreign technology.   CNA Report- Economic Statecraft: How China Legally Accesses Foreign Technologies to Build Military Capabilities Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
11/11/202036 minutes, 50 seconds
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Polar Politics: Rule of Law at the Poles (Part 1)

On the latest episode of our occasional series, Polar Politics, Josh Tallis sits down with Mark Rosen and Cornell Overfield. They discuss the treaties and agreements that govern the Polar Regions writ large, before taking a deep dive into the Antarctic Treaty system. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
10/28/202020 minutes, 10 seconds
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Special Edition: The U.S. Navy's 245th Birthday

On this special edition of CNA Talks, we celebrate the U.S. Navy’s 245th birthday. Rear Admiral Mike McDevitt and Lt. Commander Steve Wills who joined CNA after long Navy careers, sit down to discuss the Navy’s future in an era of great power competition with China.   Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
10/13/202030 minutes, 26 seconds
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Consent Decrees: Implementation

In our second episode on consent decrees, Hildy Saizow sits down with CNA analysts and consent decree monitors Rodney Monroe and Steve Rickman. They discuss the process of reforming police departments though the use of Consent Decrees, and the role of the department's community in that reform.   Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
9/30/202032 minutes, 51 seconds
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Consent Decrees: The Basics

On this episode of CNA Talks, Hildy Saizow speaks with Laura Kunard and Scott Decker about Consent Decrees and their role in police reform. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
9/16/202016 minutes, 34 seconds
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Justice Talks: Rural Courts and COVID-19 (Part 2)

On this episode of our occasional series, Justice Talks, CNA analyst Jennifer Lafferty sits down with Richard Chidester the County Attorney for Giles County, Virginia. In part two of their conversation, they discuss how the county has held in person hearings and other challenges facing the court. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
9/9/202016 minutes, 30 seconds
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Justice Talks: Rural Courts and COVID-19

On this episode of our occasional series, Justice Talks, CNA analyst Jennifer Lafferty sits down with Richard Chidester the County Attorney for Giles County, Virginia. In part one of their conversation they focus on how the county is using digital tools to hold hearings and the limitations of doing so in a rural district. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
9/2/202017 minutes, 56 seconds
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Polar Politics: Argentina's View

CNA Analyst Ralph Espach sits down with Paulo Botta of Argentina Catholic University, to discuss Argentina's interests in Antarctica.  Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
8/19/202018 minutes, 20 seconds
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Diversity & Inclusion in Wargaming

On this episode of CNA Talks, CNA's Dr. Chris Ma discusses the Derby House Principles on Diversity and Inclusion in Professional Wargamming with their creators: Dr. Yuna Wong of the Institute for Defense Analyses, Professor Rex Brynen of McGill University, and Sally Davis of the UK Ministry of Defence. Derby House Principles: https://paxsims.wordpress.com/derby-house-principles/ Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
8/5/202030 minutes, 6 seconds
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The Parallels Between Education and Wargaming

On this episode of CNA Talks, Wargame designers and former professors, Jeremy Sepinsky and Justin Peachey sit down with Don Boroughs. They discuss what the latest ideas in education might tell us about successfully running a wargame.    Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
7/22/202021 minutes, 2 seconds
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The Future of Police Reform

On this episode of CNA Talks, Stephen Rickman, Zoë Thorkildsen and Hildy Saizow, discuss the future of police reform in the United States. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
7/8/202038 minutes, 20 seconds
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Justice Talks: COVID-19 and Court Systems

In the first episode of our new occasional series, Justice Talks, Vivian Elliott sits down with Brad Berry the District Attorney for Yamhill County, Oregon. They discuss how prosecutors’ offices are adapting to the new normal, under COVID-19. Vivian Elliott is the Assistant Director of CNA's Center for Justice Research and Innovation.  Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
6/24/202028 minutes, 9 seconds
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Why We Wargame

On this episode of CNA Talks Samantha Hay, CNA’s newest wargamer, sits down with Kate Lea, one CNA’s most experienced wargamers. They discuss why and how CNA conducts wargames. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
6/10/202016 minutes, 49 seconds
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Polar Politics: Northern Allies and Partners

Steve Wills joins Josh Tallis to discuss the interests of U.S. allies and partners in The Arctic.  Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
6/3/202041 minutes, 6 seconds
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China's Economic Statecraft: Indo-Pacific Responses to China’s Acquisition of Foreign Technology

On this episode of CNA Talks, Rose Tenyotkin and Satu Limaye discuss the legal economic tools China uses to acquire foreign technology.  Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
5/27/202020 minutes, 9 seconds
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Tracking the Pandemic in Prisons (Bonus Episode)

On this episode of CNA Talks, CNA analysts James "Chip" Coldren and Yee San Su sit down with Guy Bosch, the warden of the correctional facility in Stillwater, MN. They discuss SAFER-C™ , a simulation and planning model which helps correctional leaders make prisons safer, by tracking the spread of COVID-19 among prisoners and staff. For more CNA resources on the COVID-19 pandemic, click here. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
5/20/202020 minutes, 17 seconds
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COVID-19: The First 100 Days

Dawn Thomas and Eric Trabert discuss the U.S. response to the Coronavirus in the 100 days since the outbreak. Including what we’ve done well, what we’ve done poorly and what we are likely to see in the next 100 days. For more CNA resources on the COVID-19 pandemic, click here.
5/13/202028 minutes, 28 seconds
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Polar Politics: Australia's View

CNA Analysts Nilanthi Samaranayake sits down with Dr. Rebecca ‘Bec’ Strating of Australia's La Trobe University, to discuss Australia's interests in Antarctica.  Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.   . 
4/29/202026 minutes, 28 seconds
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COVID-19: After Social Distancing (Bonus Episode)

CNA experts Joel Silverman, Dawn Thomas and Eric Trabert discuss two areas of the COVID-19 recovery. How can organizations prepare for employees headed back to work and what guidance can be provided about the possibility of a second wave of COVID-19. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
4/22/202028 minutes, 42 seconds
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Lessons from History: Pandemics on Ships

Following the spread of COVID-19 on the USS Theodore Roosevelt, CNA Naval Historian Steve Wills joins Josh Tallis to discuss the history of disease on navy vessels. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
4/15/202039 minutes, 21 seconds
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Rebroadcast: Modern Military Recruiting

CNA experts Elizabeth Clelan, Jeffrey Peterson and Jared Huff discuss challenges and opportunities in the current military recruiting environment.  Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
4/1/202032 minutes, 27 seconds
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Ending the Endless War

On this episode of CNA Talks, Jon Schroden and Carter Malkasian discuss the peace deal between the United States and the Taliban. They go through its strengths and weakness and what it means for the future of Afghanistan.
3/18/202027 minutes, 43 seconds
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COVID-19: Lessons from Past Outbreaks

Eric Trabert and Amanda Kerrigan, sit down to discuss lessons from past outbreaks that can help us counter the Coronavirus.
3/4/202032 minutes, 30 seconds
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Polar Politics: Arctic Infrastructure and Installations

In the fourth episode of our occasional series, “Polar Politics,” Ron Filadelfo joins Josh Tallis to discuss, the future of military infrastructure in the arctic.  
2/19/202031 minutes, 24 seconds
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Correctional Officer Safety

On this episode of CNA Talks, Zoë Thorkildsen sits down with Liza Cordeiro to discuss her research on correctional officer safety.
2/5/202022 minutes, 22 seconds
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After Soleimani

On this episode of CNA Talks, Michael Connell and Jerry Meyerle discuss the strike on Iranian Major General Qassem Soleimani and how it will change the state of play in the Middle East.  
1/22/202025 minutes, 23 seconds
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Polar Politics: Russia's Interests in the Arctic

In the third episode of our occasional series, “Polar Politics,” Jeff Edmonds and Kate Baughman join Josh Tallis to discuss Russia's interests and operations in the Polar Regions. 
1/8/202037 minutes, 36 seconds
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The Modern Information Environment: The Pacific Island Countries

On this episode of CNA Talks, we are bringing you a new episode in our occasional series on the modern information environment. Heidi Holz sits down with Lauren Dickey and Andrew Taffer to discuss their report on the information environment in the Pacific Island Countries. Click here to read the full report: https://www.cna.org/centers/cna/cip/information-environment
12/18/201931 minutes, 40 seconds
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The Modern Information Environment: China's Covert Collaborations

In this episode CNA Analyst Erica Downs interviews, Alex Joske, a researcher at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, about the Chinese military's efforts to benefit from collaboration with research institutions around the world. This episode is part of our new occasional series on the modern information environment. This interview was recorded in December 2018
12/9/201918 minutes, 54 seconds
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The Modern Information Environment: Chinese Influence in Australia

CNA Analyst Erica Downs interviews, journalist and former advisor to the Australian government, John Garnaut, about China’s efforts to influence public policy in Australia.  This episode is part of our new occasional series on the modern information environment.  This interview was recorded in December, 2018. 
12/9/201919 minutes, 46 seconds
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Polar Politics: Military Exercises in the Arctic

In the second episode of our occasional series, “Polar Politics,” Adam Clemens and Mallory Ladd join Josh Tallis to discuss their experiences supporting Naval exercises in the Arctic.
12/4/201931 minutes, 55 seconds
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Russia's Role in the Libyan Civil War

Kate Baughman, David Knoll and Kasey Stricklin discuss the Libyan civil war and how a Russian private military company is tilting the balance of power.   Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
11/20/201930 minutes, 59 seconds
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Polar Politics: Great Power Competition in the Arctic and Antarctic

On this episode of CNA Talks, we are bringing you the first episode of our new occasional series, “Polar Politics,” hosted by Josh Tallis. In this series CNA experts will discuss the strategic implications of the Polar Regions, in an era of Great Power Competition.   Ralph Espach and Nilanthi Samaranayake sit down to discuss the current state of play in the Polar Regions, and how the major players are positioning themselves to protect their interests in the regions. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.
11/6/201935 minutes, 23 seconds
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The Navy's Marine Mammal Programs

Ron Filadelfo and Scott Truver discuss the Navy's marine mammal programs. Go to www.cna.org/CNAtalks to learn more about the participants and listen to more CNA Talks episodes.  
10/23/201924 minutes, 9 seconds